1888 in archaeology
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The year 1888 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Chaco Canyon is surveyed and photographed by Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
- Heinrich Schliemann attempts to locate the tomb of Alexander the Great in Alexandria, but is denied permission to excavate.
- May 22 - Augustus Pitt Rivers begins excavation of Bokerly Dyke.
- Excavations of Nippur sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania begin (continues through 1900).
- Carl Humann directs new excavations in Sam'al and a trial excavation in Tralles (modern Aydin).
- December: Discovery of three villages by Richard Wetherill and his brother-in-law Charlie Mason while tracking stray cattle: Cliff Palace, Spruce Tree House, and Square Tower House; now part of Mesa Verde National Park.
- Llantwit Major Roman Villa.
- The Mourning Athena relief is found near the Acropolis of Athens.
- American Anthropologist journal is founded.
- First issue of the National Geographic Magazine is published.
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- Saunders, Nicholas (2007). Alexander's Tomb: The Two-Thousand Year Obsession to Find the Lost Conqueror. Basic Books. p. xii. ISBN 0465006213.
- Thompson, M. W. (1977). General Pitt-Rivers: evolution and archaeology in the 19th century. Bradford-on-Avon: Moonraker Press. pp. 100–1. ISBN 0-239-00162-1.