1889 Swiss insolvency referendum

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A referendum on a federal law on insolvency and debt was held in Switzerland on 17 November 1889.[1] The new law was approved by 52.9% of voters.[1]


The referendum was an optional referendum,[1] which meant that only a majority of the public vote was required for the proposals to be approved, as opposed to a mandatory referendum, which required both a majority of voters and cantons.[2]


Choice Votes %
For 244,317 52.9
Against 217,921 47.1
Blank votes 3,833
Invalid votes 2,547
Total 468,618 100
Registered voters/turnout 661,225 70.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ a b c Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1904 ISBN 9783832956097
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1891