1890 in the United Kingdom
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|1890 in the United Kingdom:|
|1888 | 1889 | 1890 | 1891 | 1892|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
Events from the year 1890 in the United Kingdom.
- 4 January — First edition of the Daily Graphic, the first British 'picture paper'.
- 11 January — The British government delivers an ultimatum to Portugal forcing the retreat of Portuguese military forces from land between Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola.
- 6 February — An underground explosion at Llanerch Colliery, Abersychan in Monmouthshire kills 176.
- 15 February — Kent Coalfield located.
- 4 March — The Forth Bridge in Scotland opens. It is 8,296 feet (2,529 m) in length with 2 cantilever spans of 1,710 feet (520 m) making it the longest bridge in Britain and the bridge with the greatest cantilever span in the world. 
- 27 March — Preston North End finish the second season of the Football League as title winners once again.
- 29 March — Blackburn Rovers win their fourth FA Cup with a 6-1 victory over Sheffield Wednesday in the final at Kennington Oval, London.
- 12 May — The first official County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol. Yorkshire beat Gloucestershire by eight wickets.
- 15 May — New elected county councils in Scotland, created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, take up their powers. The County of Edinburgh formally adopts the title Midlothian; the formerly administratively separate counties of Ross and Cromarty are merged; and the Shetland county council formally adopts the spelling Zetland.
- 28 June — The Baseball Ground is opened in Derby to serve one of eight teams competing in a new national baseball league.
- 1 July — Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany; Britain cedes Heligoland to Germany in return for Pemba and Zanzibar.
- 21 July — Battersea Bridge over the River Thames opens in London.
- 8 September — The future Edward VII becomes involved in the Royal Baccarat Scandal.
- September — Southampton Dock Strike.
- 22 October — Colony of Western Australia granted self-governing status.
- November — Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as New Scotland Yard.
- 4 November — London's City & South London Railway, the first deep-level underground railway in the world, opens. It runs a distance of 5.1 km (3.2 mi) between the City of London and Stockwell.
- 17 November — Captain Willy O'Shea divorces his wife, Kitty, for adultery; Charles Stewart Parnell, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, is named as co-respondent.
- 21 November — Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.
- 18 December — British East Africa Company takes control of Uganda.
- Financial panic of 1890 precipitated by the need to guarantee Barings Bank's risky debts in Argentina.
- Construction of the first large-scale electrical power station, at Deptford.
- Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London.
- Construction begins of Britain's first council housing at Arnold Cross, Shoreditch in the East End of London.
- The Rhymers' Club, a group of poets gathered around W. B. Yeats and Ernest Rhys, begins to meet informally at the Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street, London.
- Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Sign of Four (originally published as The Sign of the Four in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated February).
- Volume 1 of James George Frazer's study in religion, The Golden Bough.
- Rudyard Kipling's novel The Light that Failed (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated January 1891).
- Arthur Machen's novella The Great God Pan (in the magazine The Whirlwind).
- William Morris's utopian socialist novel News from Nowhere (serialised in Commonweal).
- Oscar Wilde's only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated July).
- 30 January — Stewart Menzies, chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (died 1968)
- 14 February — Nina Hamnett, artist (died 1956)
- 17 February — Ronald Fisher, biologist (died 1962)
- 25 February — Myra Hess, pianist (died 1965)
- 20 March — Owen Williams, civil engineer (died 1969)
- 31 March — William Lawrence Bragg, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1971)
- 16 April — Fred Root, cricketer (died 1954)
- 23 May — Herbert Marshall, actor (died 1966)
- 16 June — Stan Laurel, actor (died 1965)
- 15 September — Agatha Christie, writer (died 1976)
- 24 September — A. P. Herbert, politician and writer (died 1971)
- 17 October — Roy Kilner, cricketer (died 1928)
- 15 November — Richmal Crompton, writer (died 1969)
- 3 December — Walter H. Thompson, Winston Churchill's bodyguard (died 1978)
- 5 December — David Bomberg, painter (died 1957)
- 30 December — Lanoe Hawker, fighter pilot (died 1916)
- 11 April — Joseph Merrick (the "Elephant Man"), pathological curiosity (born 1862)
- 20 July — Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet, art collector (born 1818)
- 11 August — John Henry Newman, Roman Catholic Cardinal (born 1801)
- 4 October — Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (born 1829)
- 20 October — Richard Francis Burton, explorer (born 1821)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 317–318. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Llanerch Colliery, Abersychan". Welsh Coal Mines. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- "Coal Mining in Kent". East Kent Local History Pages. 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Preston North End 1889-1890". statto. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- "1890". The FA Cup. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- Morley, Patrick (May 1997), "Derby's Baseball Ground Closes", SABR UK Examiner, UK: Society for American Baseball Research Bobby Thomson Chapter, 8, retrieved 2013-03-20
- "Read And Others V. The Lord Bishop Of Lincoln: Court Of The Archbishop Of Canterbury, Lambeth Palace, Nov. 21". The Times (33176). 22 November 1890. p. 4.
- "Boundary Estate, Arnold Circus, Shoreditch, London, E2". base property specialists. 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2014-05-28.