1891 in architecture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1891 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
- Ludington Building - Chicago, designed by William Le Baron Jenney, earliest surviving steel-framed building in the city, and the earliest entirely terracotta-clad skyscraper (8 storeys).
- Manhattan Building - Chicago, designed by William Le Baron Jenney, completed; world's earliest surviving steel-framed building to use a purely skeletal supporting structure.
- Second Leiter Building - Chicago, designed by William Le Baron Jenney.
- Monadnock Building - Chicago, tallest masonry load-bearing wall building when built.
- Sacred Heart Cathedral - Davenport, Iowa, designed by James J. Egan.
- St. Ambrose Cathedral - Des Moines, Iowa, designed by James J. Egan.
- San Sebastian Church (Manila).
- Wainwright Building - St. Louis, Missouri, designed by Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan.
- University of Pennsylvania Library - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, designed by Frank Furness.
- Several buildings constructed for the General Land Centennial Exhibition world fair - Prague, including the Art Nouveau Průmyslový Palace.
- Victoria Hall (Geneva), Switzerland, a concert hall designed by Marc Camoletti.
- Stadttheater Zürich, designed by Fellner & Helmer, opened.
- House of the Estates in Helsinki, Finland, built.
- General Post Office, Birmingham, England, designed by Henry Tanner.
- Palace Theatre, Manchester, England, designed by Alfred Darbyshire.
- January 2 - Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect, urban planner and engraver (died 1990)
- August 2 - Joseph Charles Fowell, Australian architect (died 1970)
- January 11 - Baron Haussmann, French civic planner notable for the rebuilding of Paris in the 1860s (born 1809)
- January 15 - John Wellborn Root, Chicago architect (born 1850; pneumonia)
- January 22 - Miklós Ybl, Hungarian architect (born 1814)
- March 19 - Jānis Frīdrihs Baumanis, Latvian architect (born 1834)
- April 7 - J. D. Sedding, English ecclesiastical architect (born 1838)
- May 7 - John Hayward, English Gothic Revival architect (born 1807)
- "Ludington Building, 1104 Wabash Campus 1104 S. Wabash Ave.". Columbia College Chicago. 2006. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- Manhattan Building, Chicago. Emporis Buildings (URL accessed 9 July 2006).Manhattan Building, 431 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL. American Memory from the Library of Congress (URL accessed 9 July 2006).
- Pinkney, David H. (1972) . Napoleon III and the Rebuilding of Paris (Paperback ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00768-3.
- Lanctot, Barbara (1988). A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery. Chicago Architectural Foundation. p. 14-15.