1893 in Italy

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See also: 1892 in Italy, 1894 in Italy.

Events from the year 1893 in Italy.


  • January 18 – An official report confirms the serious state of affairs in the Banca Romana: a deficiency of cash, cooked accounts, a note circulation of 135 million lire instead of the 75 million permitted by law, a great quantity of bad debts due to building speculation. The next day the governor of the bank, Bernardo Tanlongo, and several of his subordinates are arrested.
  • January 20 – Caltavuturo massacre in Caltavuturo in the Province of Palermo (Sicily), where local authorities killed 13 and wounded 21 peasants that occupied communal land they claimed was theirs. The claim for land reform was one of the demands of the Fasci Siciliani (Sicilian Leagues), a popular movement of democratic and socialist inspiration in 1891–1894.[1]
  • February 1 – Murder of Emanuele Notarbartolo, former mayor of Palermo and former director general of the Banco di Sicilia by the Mafia. Raffaele Palizzolo, a member of Parliament, was regarded as the mastermind of the assassination. The series of trials over the following decade split Sicilian society in two and astonished public opinion.
  • May 21–22 – Congress of the Fasci Siciliani in Palermo attended by 500 delegates from nearly 90 leagues and socialist circles.[2]
  • August 10 – A new Bank Act liquidates the Banca Romana and reforms the whole system of note issue, restricting the privilege to the new Banca d'Italia – mandated to liquidate the Banca Romana – and to the Banco di Napoli and the Banco di Sicilia, and providing for stricter state control.[3]
  • August 16–17 – Massacre of Italian workers of the Compagnie des Salins du Midi in Aigues-Mortes (France) by French villagers and workers. The New York Times, reporting from the trial of ringleaders later in the year, reported that "ten men were killed and twenty-six wounded".[4] Anti-French riots erupt in Italy. In Rome the windows of the French Embassy were smashed and for a while the angry mob seemed to get out of hand.
  • September 7 – The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, the oldest Italian soccer club, is formed.
  • November 24 – The government headed by Giovanni Giolitti has to resign as a result of the Banca Romana scandal.[5]
  • December 10 – Eleven people are killed in Giardinello during the revolt of the Fasci Siciliani.[6]
  • December 15 – The new government headed by Francesco Crispi takes office.
  • December 21 – Battle of Agordat between Italian colonial troops and Mahdists from the Sudan. Emir Ahmed Ali campaigned against the Europeans in eastern Sudan. The Italian victory is the first decisive victory yet won by Europeans against the Sudanese revolutionaries.
  • December 25 – Eleven people are killed in Lercara Friddi during the revolt of the Fasci Siciliani. In December 1893, 92 peasants lost their lives in clashes with the police and army.[6]




  1. ^ (Italian) L’eccidio di «San Sebastiano», La Sicilia, February 8, 2009
  2. ^ (Italian) Il «battesimo» del socialismo, La Sicilia, May 24, 2009
  3. ^ Alfredo Gigliobianco and Claire Giordano, Economic Theory and Banking Regulation: The Italian Case (1861-1930s), Quaderni di Storia Economica (Economic History Working Papers), Nr. 5, November 2010
  4. ^ The Aigues-Mortes Massacre: Story of the Assaults Upon Italian Workmen Told Anew", The New York Times, December 29, 1893
  5. ^ Cabinet Forced To Resign; Italian Ministers Called "Thieves" by the People, The New York Times, November 25, 1893
  6. ^ a b (Italian) La strage di Giardinello, La Sicilia, December 11, 2011