From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1893.
- February/March – The 22-year-old writer Stephen Crane pays for publication of his first book, the Bowery novella Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, under the pseudonym "Johnston Smith" in New York. Coming to be considered a pioneering example of American literary realism, the first trade edition (rewritten) comes out in 1896 after Crane has attained fame with The Red Badge of Courage.
- April 19 – First performance of Oscar Wilde's social comedy A Woman of No Importance at the Haymarket Theatre, London, with Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Mrs. Bernard Beere and Julia Neilson.
- May 2 – Swedish dramatist August Strindberg, 44, begins a brief marriage with Austrian writer Frida Uhl, 21.
- May 17 – First performance of Maurice Maeterlinck's symbolist play Pelléas and Mélisande.
- May 27 – First performance of Arthur Wing Pinero's problem play The Second Mrs Tanqueray at the St. James Theatre, London, with Mrs. Patrick Campbell in the title rôle.
- June 14 – Opening of Shelley Memorial at University College, Oxford (from which the poet was expelled in 1811), designed by Basil Champneys with a reclining nude marble statue of Percy Bysshe Shelley by Edward Onslow Ford.
- October – André Gide begins his travels in North Africa, where he comes to accept his homosexuality.
- November 11 – Jerome K. Jerome founds To-Day, "A weekly magazine-journal", in London.
- November 28 – The Raimund Theater opens in Vienna, Austria.
- December 16 – Establishment, in Yorkshire (England), of the Brontë Society, possibly the oldest literary society of this nature, dedicated to establishing what will become the Brontë Parsonage Museum.
- December 20 – The first story featuring the private detective character Sexton Blake, "The Missing Millionaire", appears in Alfred Harmsworth's new boys' story paper The Halfpenny Marvel (London), written by Harry Blyth under the pen-name Hal Meredeth.
- Bangiya Sahitya Parishad established as "The Bengal Academy of Literature".
Children and young people
- January 3 – W. N. Hodgson (Edward Melbourne), English war poet (died 1916)
- January 12 – Maria Jolas, born Maria McDonald, American-born French literary publisher (died 1987)
- January 13 – Clark Ashton Smith, American poet and short-story writer (died 1961)
- February 11 – Nan Shepherd, Scottish novelist and poet (died 1981)
- March 11 – Wanda Gág, American children's author and artist (died 1946)
- March 18 – Wilfred Owen, English war poet (killed 1918)
- April 9
- May 6 – Margaret Cole (Margaret Postgate), English political writer, biographer and activist (died 1980)
- May 14 – Louis Verneuil, born Louis Jacques Marie Collin du Bocage, French playwright (suicide 1952)
- June 13 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English writer of detective fiction and translator (died 1957)
- July 21 – Hans Fallada (Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen), German novelist (died 1947)
- August 7 – Guru Bhakt Singh 'Bhakt', Indian poet and dramatist (died 1983)
- August 14 – Francis Dvornik, Czech historian (died 1975)
- August 22 – Dorothy Parker, American poet, journalist and wit (died 1967)
- September 28 – Giannis Skarimpas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (died 1984)
- October 9 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (died 1945)
- October 15 – Saunders Lewis, English-born Welsh poet, dramatist and critic (died 1985)
- October 26 – Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet and novelist (died 1977)
- November 10 – John P. Marquand, American novelist (died 1960)
- November 14 – Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian author (died 1973)
- December 6 – Sylvia Townsend Warner, English novelist and poet (died 1978)
- December 29 – Vera Brittain, English memoirist, novelist, feminist and pacifist (died 1970)
- Unknown date
- Samuel Roth, Galician-born American publisher (died 1974)
- January 7 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist, mathematician and poet (born 1835)
- January 15 – Fanny Kemble, English actress (born 1809)
- January 22 – Kawatake Mokuami (河竹黙阿弥), Japanese dramatist (born 1816)
- January 23 – José Zorrilla, Spanish dramatist and poet (born 1817)
- February 10 – Alphonse Jolly, French dramatist and librarian (born 1810)
- April 6 – Charlotte Anley, English didactic novelist and religious writer (born 1796)
- April 19 – John Addington Symonds, English poet and essayist (born 1840)
- June 14 – Jakob Frohschammer, German theologian and philosopher (born 1821)
- July 6 – Guy de Maupassant, French novelist and short story writer (born 1850)
- September 4 – Francis Adams, Maltese-born English political writer, poet and novelist (born 1862)
- October 7 – William Smith, English lexicographer (born 1813)
- November 12 – Jemima von Tautphoeus, English-born novelist (born 1807)
- December 2 – Charlotte Maria Tucker, English children's writer (born 1821)
- December 25 – Ivan Broz, Croatian linguist and literary historian (born 1852)
- ^ Fort, Alice B.; Kates, Herbert S. (1935). "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray". Minute History of the Drama. New York: Grosset & Dunlap. p. 97. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- ^ "Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1974.
- ^ Banham, Martin (1992). "Pinero, Arthur Wing". The Cambridge Guide to Theatre.
- ^ "Periodicals edited by Jerome". The Jerome K. Jerome Society. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- ^ Humpherys, Anne (2005). "Putting Women in the Boat in The Idler (1892-1898) and To-Day (1893-1897)" (PDF). 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century. Birkbeck, University of London. 1: 1–22. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- ^ Raimund Theatre's English-language official website
- ^ Lemon, Charles (1993). A Centenary History of the Brontë Society 1893–1993. Haworth: Brontë Society. p. 3.
- ^ Issue no. 6. Turner, E. S. (1976). Boys Will Be Boys. Penguin. p. 129.
- ^ a b Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- ^ Half hours with representative novelists of the nineteenth century. Taylor & Francis. pp. 95–. GGKEY:FS7T695JDQ3. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- ^ "Umro Ivan Broz". hrt.hr (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. 2011-12-25. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- ^ Burland, John Burland Harris, Amy Robsart, retrieved 2013-03-08