1893 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1893.
- January 14 – Kate Chopin's short stories "Désirée's Baby" and "A Visit to Avoyelles" appear in Vogue magazine in the United States.
- February/March – The 22-year-old Stephen Crane pays for publication of his first book, the Bowery novella Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, under the pseudonym "Johnston Smith" in New York. Coming to be considered a pioneering example of American literary realism, the first trade edition (rewritten) comes out in 1896 after Crane has attained fame with The Red Badge of Courage.
- April 19 – Oscar Wilde's social comedy A Woman of No Importance receives its first performance at the Haymarket Theatre, London, with Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Mrs. Bernard Beere and Julia Neilson.
- May 2 – Swedish dramatist August Strindberg, 44, begins a brief marriage with Austrian writer Frida Uhl, 21.
- May 17 – Maurice Maeterlinck's symbolist play Pelléas and Mélisande is first performed.
- May 27 – Arthur Wing Pinero's problem play The Second Mrs Tanqueray is first performed, at the St. James Theatre, London, with Mrs. Patrick Campbell in the title rôle.
- June 14 – The Shelley Memorial is inaugurated at University College, Oxford, from which the poet was expelled in 1811). It is designed by Basil Champneys, with a reclining nude marble statue of Percy Bysshe Shelley by Edward Onslow Ford.
- July 1 – The first issue of L'Ère Nouvelle is published in Paris by the Romanian George Diamandy. It will have contributions from Marxist theoreticians, including Friedrich Engels, Paul Lafargue, Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea, Georgi Plekhanov, and Georges Sorel. In literature, L'Ère Nouvelle promotes a blend of naturalism as embodied by Émile Zola and historical materialism.
- October – André Gide begins his travels in North Africa, where he comes to accept his homosexuality.
- October 7 – Finley Peter Dunne introduces his character Mr. Dooley in the Chicago Evening Post.
- November 11 – Jerome K. Jerome founds To-Day, "A weekly magazine-journal", in London.
- November 26 – Arthur Conan Doyle surprises the reading public by revealing in the story "The Adventure of the Final Problem", published in The Strand Magazine dated December, that his private detective character Sherlock Holmes had apparently died at the Reichenbach Falls on 4 May 1891. Doyle has stayed in Switzerland for a time this year.
- November 28 – The Raimund Theater opens in Vienna, Austria.
- December – W. B. Yeats publishes The Celtic Twilight, giving a popular name to the Irish Literary Revival.
- December 16 – Establishment, in Yorkshire (England), of the Brontë Society, possibly the oldest literary society of this nature, dedicated to establishing what will become the Brontë Parsonage Museum.
- December 20 – The first story featuring the private detective character Sexton Blake, "The Missing Millionaire", appears in Alfred Harmsworth's new boys' story paper The Halfpenny Marvel (London), written by Harry Blyth under the pen-name Hal Meredeth.
- Bangiya Sahitya Parishad established as "The Bengal Academy of Literature".
- E. F. Benson – Dodo
- Byron A. Brooks – Earth Revisited
- Rhoda Broughton – A Beginner
- Hall Caine
- Cap'n Davey's Honeymoon (novella)
- The Last Confession (novella)
- The Blind Mother (novella)
- Mary Cholmondeley – Diana Tempest
- Marie Corelli – Barabbas
- Stephen Crane – Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
- Walter Crane – Columbia's Courtship
- Arthur Conan Doyle – The Refugees
- Edith Escombe – A Tale that is Told
- Anatole France – At the Sign of the Reine Pédauque (La Rôtisserie de la reine Pédauque)
- Mary E. Wilkins Freeman – Jane Field
- André Gide
- La tentative amoureuse
- Le voyage d'Urien
- George Gissing – The Odd Women
- Sarah Grand – The Heavenly Twins
- H. Rider Haggard – Montezuma's Daughter
- Beatrice Harraden – Ships That Pass in the Night
- "Two Women of the West" (Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant) – Unveiling a Parallel
- Josef Svatopluk Machar – Magdalena
- Henry Olerich – A Cityless and Countryless World
- Bolesław Prus – The New Woman (Emancypantki; serialization completed)
- Addison Peale Russell – Sub-Coelum
- Flora Annie Steel
- From the Five Rivers (short stories)
- Miss Stuart's Legacy
- August Strindberg – The Defence of a Fool (Le Plaidoyer d'un fou)
- Ivan Vazov – Under the Yoke (Под игото, Pod Igoto)
- Jules Verne
- Lew Wallace – The Prince of India or Why Constantinople Fell
- Stanley J. Weyman – A Gentleman of France
- Émile Zola – Le Docteur Pascal
Children and young people
- Margaret Marshall Saunders – Beautiful Joe
- Robert Louis Stevenson
- Rosario de Acuña – La voz de la patria (Pregnant Woman)
- Alexandre Bisson and Albert Carré – Le Veglione (le Bal masqué)
- Herman Heijermans – Dora Kremer
- Maurice Maeterlinck – Pelléas et Mélisande
- George Moore – The Strike at Arlingford
- Arthur Wing Pinero – The Second Mrs Tanqueray
- Arthur Schnitzler – Anatol (published)
- George Bernard Shaw – Mrs. Warren's Profession (written)
- Oscar Wilde
- Gabriele D'Annunzio – Odi Navali
- Maryana Marrash – Bint fikr
- Alice Meynell – Poems
- Eric Stenbock – The Shadow of Death: poems, songs, and sonnets
- Francis Thompson – Poems, including "The Hound of Heaven"
- Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford (1st edition)
- Henry James – Essays in London and Elsewhere
- George Panu – Portrete și tipuri parlamentare
- Alois Riegl – Stilfragen: Grundlegungen zu einer Geschichte der Ornamentik
- William Wynn Westcott – Collectanea Hermetica (start of publication)
- January 3 – W. N. Hodgson (Edward Melbourne), English war poet (died 1916)
- January 12 – Maria Jolas, born Maria McDonald, American-born French literary publisher (died 1987)
- January 13 – Clark Ashton Smith, American poet and short-story writer (died 1961)
- February 11 – Nan Shepherd, Scottish novelist and poet (died 1981)
- February 26 – Dorothy Whipple, English writer of fiction and children's books (died 1966)
- March 11 – Wanda Gág, American children's author and artist (died 1946)
- March 18 – Wilfred Owen, English war poet (killed 1918)
- April 9
- May 6 – Margaret Cole (Margaret Postgate), English political writer, biographer and activist (died 1980)
- May 14 – Louis Verneuil, born Louis Jacques Marie Collin du Bocage, French playwright (suicide 1952)
- May 19 – H. Bonciu, Romanian novelist, poet and translator (died 1950)
- June 13 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English writer of detective fiction and translator (died 1957)
- July 3 – Luca Caragiale, Romanian poet, novelist and translator (died 1921)
- July 21 – Hans Fallada (Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen), German novelist (died 1947)
- August 14 – Francis Dvornik, Czech historian (died 1975)
- August 22 – Dorothy Parker, American poet, journalist and wit (died 1967)
- September 28 – Giannis Skarimpas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (died 1984)
- October 9 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (died 1945)
- October 14 – May Wedderburn Cannan, English poet (died 1973)
- October 15 – Saunders Lewis, English-born Welsh poet, dramatist and critic (died 1985)
- October 26 – Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet and novelist (died 1977)
- November 10 – John P. Marquand, American novelist (died 1960)
- November 14 – Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian author (died 1973)
- December 6 – Sylvia Townsend Warner, English novelist and poet (died 1978)
- December 29 – Vera Brittain, English memoirist, novelist, feminist and pacifist (died 1970)
- Unknown date – Samuel Roth, Galician-born American writer and publisher (died 1974)
- January 7 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist, mathematician and poet (born 1835)
- January 15 – Fanny Kemble, English actress (born 1809)
- January 22 – Kawatake Mokuami (河竹黙阿弥), Japanese dramatist (born 1816)
- January 23 – José Zorrilla, Spanish dramatist and poet (born 1817)
- February 10 – Alphonse Jolly, French dramatist and librarian (born 1810)
- April 6 – Charlotte Anley, English didactic novelist and religious writer (born 1796)
- April 19 – John Addington Symonds, English poet and essayist (born 1840)
- June 14 – Jakob Frohschammer, German theologian and philosopher (born 1821)
- July 6 – Guy de Maupassant, French novelist and short story writer (born 1850)
- August 12 – Edward Bruce Hamley, English military writer, general and politician (born 1824)
- September 4 – Francis Adams, Maltese-born English political writer, poet and novelist (born 1862)
- October 7 – William Smith, English lexicographer (born 1813)
- November 12 – Jemima von Tautphoeus, English-born novelist (born 1807)
- December 2 – Charlotte Maria Tucker, English children's writer (born 1821)
- December 25 – Ivan Broz, Croatian linguist and literary historian (born 1852)
- Fort, Alice B.; Kates, Herbert S. (1935). "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray". Minute History of the Drama. New York: Grosset & Dunlap. p. 97. Retrieved 2013-08-07.; "Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1974.; Banham, Martin (1992). "Pinero, Arthur Wing". The Cambridge Guide to Theatre.
- Derfler, Leslie (1998). Paul Lafargue and the Flowering of French Socialism, 1882–1911. Harvard: Harvard University Press. pp. 169–174. ISBN 0-674-65912-0.; Livet, Albert (1897). "Le Mouvement socialiste au Quartier Latin". La Revue Socialiste (in French) (155): 582–583.
- Voisin, André (1894). "Revue des périodiques. L'Ère Nouvelle". Revue Internationale de Sociologie (in French). 2: 405–406.
- "Periodicals edited by Jerome". The Jerome K. Jerome Society. Retrieved 2014-06-06.; Humpherys, Anne (2005). "Putting Women in the Boat in The Idler (1892-1898) and To-Day (1893-1897)" (PDF). 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century. Birkbeck, University of London. 1: 1–22. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- Raimund Theatre's English-language official website
- Lemon, Charles (1993). A Centenary History of the Brontë Society 1893–1993. Haworth: Brontë Society. p. 3.
- Issue no. 6. Turner, E. S. (1976). Boys Will Be Boys. Penguin. p. 129.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- Half hours with representative novelists of the nineteenth century. Taylor & Francis. pp. 95–. GGKEY:FS7T695JDQ3. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- "Umro Ivan Broz". hrt.hr (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. 2011-12-25. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- Burland, John Burland Harris, Amy Robsart, retrieved 2013-03-08
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