1894 in Australia
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- Premier of New South Wales - George Dibbs (until 2 August) then George Reid
- Premier of South Australia - Charles Kingston
- Premier of Queensland - Hugh Nelson
- Premier of Tasmania - Henry Dobson (until 14 April) then Edward Braddon
- Premier of Western Australia - John Forrest
- Premier of Victoria - James Patterson (until 27 September) then George Turner
- January - A cyclone hits the north west of Western Australia, killing approximately 50 persons
- 28 June - A Colonial Conference, held in Ottawa, Canada, resolves to lay a telegraph cable between Canada and Australia.
- 22 October - Martha Needle is hanged in Melbourne Gaol for the poisoning of her husband, and three children, in an attempt to obtain money from insurance policies.
- 10 November - Jandamarra, an Indigenous Australian of the Bunuba people, leads one of the few armed insurrections against Europeans.
- 18 December - South Australia is the first colony to legislate women equal franchise with men, taking effect in 1895.
- The Australian Workers' Union is formed from the joining of the Amalgamated Shearers' Union of Australia and the General Labourers' Union.
Science and technology
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Arts and literature
Main article: 1894 in Australian literature
- The novel Seven Little Australians is published by Ethel Turner
- 23 February – Harold Horder (died 1978), rugby league footballer
- 13 April – Arthur Fadden (died 1973), Prime Minister of Australia
- 30 April – H.V. Evatt (died 1965), politician
- 14 August – Frank Burge (died 1958), rugby league footballer
- 25 August – Nick Winter (died 1955), athlete
- 20 December – Robert Menzies (died 1978), Prime Minister of Australia
- 17 February - John Alexander MacPherson (born 1833), Premier of Victoria