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The following is an overview of the events of 1895 in film, including a list of films released and notable births.
Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres build and run the first working 35 mm movie camera in Britain, the Kineopticon. Their first films include Incident at Clovelly Cottage, and The Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race . Rough Sea at Dover [1 ] In France, the brothers
Auguste and Louis Lumière, design and built a lightweight, hand-held motion picture camera called the Cinématographe. They discover that their machine can also be used to project images onto a large screen. The Lumière brothers create several short films at this time that are considered to be pivotal in the history of motion pictures. [1 ] February 13 -
Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector. March 22 - First display of
motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière (private screening). May 27 - Birt Acres
patents the Kineopticon under his own name. Late September -
C. Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat demonstrate their Phantoscope, a motion picture projector, in Atlanta, Georgia at the Cotton States and International Exposition. November - In Germany,
Emil and Max Skladanowsky develop their own film projector. December 28 - The
Lumière brothers have their first paying audience at the Grand Café Boulevard des Capucines in Paris — this date is sometimes considered the debut of the motion picture as an entertainment medium. December 30 - The
American Mutoscope and Biograph Company motion pictures is founded in New Jersey by the KMCD Syndicate of William Kennedy Dickson, Henry Marvin, Herman Casler and Elias Koopman.
Gaumont Pictures founded by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont. Woodville Latham and his sons develop the Latham Loop - the concept of loose loops of film on either side of the intermittent movement to prevent stress from the jerky movement. This is debuted in the Eidoloscope, which is also the first widescreen format (1.85:1).
Herman Casler of American Mutoscope Company, aka American Mutoscope and Biograph Company manufactures the Biograph 68 mm camera, which will become the first successful large format 68mm (70mm) film.
Henri Joly debuts his Joly-Normandin 60 mm format.
Films released in 1895 [ edit ]
, directed by Annabelle Serpentine Dance William Heise, starring Annabelle Moore
, directed by Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Louis Lumiere
, directed by Autour d'une cabine Charles-Émile Reynaud
, directed by The Baby's Meal Louis Lumiere, starring Auguste Lumiere, (his wife) Marguerite, and (their daughter) Andrée
Bauerntanz zweier Kinder
Billy Edwards and the Unknown aka Billy Edwards Boxing
, directed by The Blacksmiths Louis Lumiere
, directed by Boat Leaving The Port Louis Lumiere
, directed by Card Party Louis Lumiere
La Charcuterie mécanique
, directed by Demolition Of A Wall Louis Lumiere and starring Auguste Lumiere, the man in charge...pointing
, directed by The Derby Birt Acres
, directed by and starring Dickson Experimental Sound Film William K. L. Dickson on violin. First sound film.
, directed by The Execution of Mary Stuart Alfred Clark. First special effect (stop camera edit effect) in cinema.
, directed by Fishing For Goldfish Louis Lumiere, starring Auguste Lumiere and (his daughter) Andrée
Opening of the Kiel Canal
The Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race
, directed by Cordeliers' Square in Lyons Louis Lumiere
, directed by Photograph Louis Lumiere
, directed by The Photographical Congress Arrives in Lyon Louis Lumiere
Princess Ali aka Egyptian Dance
, directed by Rough Sea at Dover Birt Acres
Le Saut à la couverture
, directed by The Sprinkler Sprinkled Louis Lumiere. May be the first outdoor comedy film ever made.
, directed by Swimming In The Sea Louis Lumiere
, directed by Transformation By Hats, Comic View Louis Lumiere
, directed by Das Wintergartenprogramm Max Skladanowsky
, directed by Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory Louis Lumiere
February 7 -
Anita Stewart, American actress and director (died 1961) February 8 -
King Vidor, American actor and director (died 1982) March 11 -
Shemp Howard, American actor (died 1955) March 25 -
Valéry Inkijinoff, French actor of Russian-Buryat origin (died 1973) March 27 -
Betty Schade, German-born American actress (died 1982) April 7 -
Margarete Schön, German actress (died 1985) May 6 -
Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (died 1926) June 10 -
Hattie McDaniel, American actress (died 1952) July 25 -
Ingeborg Spangsfeldt, Danish actress (died 1968) July 26 -
Gracie Allen, American actress (died 1964) September 22 -
Paul Muni, Austrian-born American stage and film actor (died 1967) October 2 -
Bud Abbott, American actor (died 1974) October 4 -
Buster Keaton, American actor and director (died 1966) October 21 -
Edna Purviance, American actress (died 1958) December 3 -
Tadeusz Olsza, Polish actor (died 1975)
References [ edit ]