1896 in Italy

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See also: 1895 in Italy, other events of 1896, 1897 in Italy.


Events from the year 1896 in Italy.

Kingdom of Italy[edit]

Events[edit]

Menelik II at the battle of Adwa

In 1896, the Banco Ambrosiano was founded in Milan by Giuseppe Tovini, a Catholic advocate, and was named after Saint Ambrose, the 4th century archbishop of the city. Tovini's purpose was to create a Catholic bank as a counterbalance to Italy's "lay" banks, and its goals were "serving moral organisations, pious works, and religious bodies set up for charitable aims." The bank came to be known as the "priests' bank."

February[edit]

March[edit]

  • March – The first Italian cinema screening by the Lumière brothers occurred in Turin.
  • March 1 – The Battle of Adwa between Ethiopia and Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray. It was the climactic battle of the First Italo-Ethiopian War, securing Ethiopian sovereignty and ending Italian attempts at its conquest for another three and a half decades. The Italians suffered about 7,000 killed and 1,500 wounded in the battle and subsequent retreat back into Eritrea, with 3,000 taken prisoner. Ethiopian losses have been estimated at around 4,000–5,000 killed and 8,000 wounded.[1] When the news reached Italy, street demonstrations and rioting broke out in major cities.[2][3]
  • March 4 – The government of Prime Minister Francesco Crispi collapsed after the humiliating defeat of the Italian army at Adwa in Ethiopia during First Italo-Ethiopian War amidst Italian disenchantment with "foreign adventures".[4][5]
  • March 8 – Crispi is succeeded by Antonio di Rudinì as Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior in a cabinet formed by the veteran Conservative, General Ricotti, who retains the Ministry of War.[6]
  • March 13 – As the result of a pardon recognizing the excessive brutality of the repression of the Fasci Siciliani 120 prisoners are released, including the leaders of the movement Giuseppe de Felice Giuffrida, Rosario Garibaldi Bosco, Nicola Barbato and Bernardino Verro.[7]

April[edit]

July[edit]

September[edit]

  • September 30 – Italy and France sign a treaty whereby Italy virtually recognizes Tunisia as a French dependency.[11]

October[edit]

December[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1998). The Ethiopians: A History, The Peoples of Africa Series, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, ISBN 0-631-22493-9, pp. 191–2
  2. ^ Prouty, Chris (1998). Empress Taytu and Menilek II: Ethiopia 1883-1910. Trenton: The Red Sea Press, ISBN 0-932415-11-3, p. 159f
  3. ^ Vandervort, Bruce (1998), Wars Of Imperial Conquest In Africa, 1830-1914, London: Taylor & Francis, ISBN 1-85728-486-0, pp. 162-64
  4. ^ Italy Is Awe-Struck; Cabinet Has Decided to Press Its Resignation, The New York Times, March 5, 1896
  5. ^ Italy Like Pandemonium; Abyssinian Reverse Provokes a Paroxysm of Rage in Rome, The New York Times, March 6, 1896
  6. ^ Di Rudini as Cabinet Chief, The New York Times, March 9, 1896
  7. ^ Pardon for Italian Socialists, The New York Times, March 14, 1896
  8. ^ Italian Cabinet Resigns; The Marquis Rudini Charged to Form Another, The New York Times, July 12, 1896
  9. ^ De Grand, The Hunchback's Tailor, p. 65
  10. ^ The New Italian Cabinet; Many of the Old Members Appear in the New Ministry, The New York Times, July 15, 1896
  11. ^ Iiams, Thomas M. (1962). Dreyfus, Diplomatists and the Dual Alliance: Gabriel Hanotaux at the Quai D'Orsay (1894 - 1898), Geneva/Paris: Librairie Droz/Librairie Minard, p. 115
  12. ^ Harold Marcus, The Life and Times of Menelik II: Ethiopia 1844–1913 (Lawrenceville: Red Sea Press, 1995), pp. 174–177