1897 Hind

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1897 Hind
Discovery [1]
Discovered by L. Kohoutek
Discovery site Bergedorf Obs.
Discovery date 26 October 1971
Designations
MPC designation (1897) Hind
Named after
John Russell Hind
(English astronomer)[2]
1971 UE1 · 1957 SG
main-belt · Flora[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 61.03 yr (22,291 days)
Aphelion 2.6088 AU
Perihelion 1.9565 AU
2.2826 AU
Eccentricity 0.1429
3.45 yr (1,260 days)
155.47°
0° 17m 8.88s / day
Inclination 4.0545°
63.423°
269.03°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 5.007±0.103 km[4][5]
5.67 km (calculated)[3]
0.82±0.01 h[6]
2.6336±0.0001 h[7]
0.24 (assumed)[3]
0.307±0.024[5]
0.3075±0.0240[4]
S[3]
13.4[1][3][4] · 13.81±0.72[8]

1897 Hind, provisional designation 1971 UE1, is a Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 26 October 1971, by Czech astronomer Luboš Kohoutek at Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg, Germany.[9] The asteroid was named after English astronomer John Russell Hind.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Hind is a member of the Flora family, one of the largest groups of stony asteroids in the main-belt. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.6 AU once every 3 years and 5 months (1,260 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.14 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

A first precovery was taken at Palomar Observatory in 1956, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 15 years prior to its discovery.[9]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Hind has been characterized as a stony S-type asteroid.[3]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Hind measures 5.0 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.307,[4][5] while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo of 0.24 – derived from 8 Flora, the family's largest member and namesake – and calculates a diameter of 5.7 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.4.[3]

Rotation period[edit]

In July 2005, Hind had originally been identified as a relatively fast rotator, as photometric observations by astronomers Reiner Stoss, Jaime Nomen, Salvador Sanchez and Raoul Behrend gave a rotation period of 0.82±0.01 hours, or less than 50 minutes (U=1).[6] However, the lightcurve was only fragmentary. In August 2012, it was superseded with more accurate observation at the Australian Riverland Dingo Observatory that gave a slower period of 2.6336±0.0001 hours with a brightness variation of 0.09 in magnitude (U=2).[7]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after English astronomer John Russell Hind (1823–1895), discoverer of ten minor planets including 7 Iris and 8 Flora, the namesake of the family the asteroid belongs to. Hind worked for many years at George Bishop's Observatory near London where he made his discoveries. He was also superintendent of the British Nautical Almanac Office in the second half of the 19th century.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 3827).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1897 Hind (1971 UE1)" (2017-03-27 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1897) Hind. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 152. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (1897) Hind". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1897) Hind". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Hills, Kevin (January 2013). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at Riverland Dingo Observatory (RDO): 501 Urhixidur, 1897 Hind, 1928 Summa, 6261 Chione, and (68216) 2001 CV 26.". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 40 (1): 12–13. Bibcode:2013MPBu...40...12H. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  8. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "1897 Hind (1971 UE1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 

External links[edit]