1897 in the United States
|1897 in the United States|
45 stars (1896–1908)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1865–1918)|
Events from the year 1897 in the United States.
- President: Grover Cleveland (D-New York) (until March 4), William McKinley (R-Ohio) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: Adlai E. Stevenson I (D-Illinois) (until March 4), Garret Hobart (R-New Jersey) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller (Illinois)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Thomas Brackett Reed (R-Maine)
- Congress: 54th (until March 4), 55th (starting March 4)
- January 2 – Alpha Omicron Pi sorority is founded at Barnard College in New York City
- March 4 – William McKinley becomes president.
- April 19 – First Boston Marathon is run.
- April 27 – Grant's Tomb is dedicated in New York.
- May 1 – The Tennessee Centennial Exposition opens in Nashville, for 6 months, illuminated by many electric lights.
- June 1 – American miners begin a strike, which successfully establishes the United Mine Workers Union and brings about the 8-hour work day to mines.
- June 2 – Mark Twain, responding to rumors that he is dead, is quoted by the New York Journal as saying, "The report of my death was an exaggeration."
- July 17 – The Klondike Gold Rush begins when the first successful prospectors arrive in Seattle.
- July 31 – Mount Saint Elias, the second highest peak in the United States and Canada, is first ascended.
- August 21 – Oldsmobile is founded in Lansing, Michigan by Ransom E. Olds.
- August 31 – Thomas Edison is granted a patent for the Kinetoscope, a precursor of the movie projector.
- September 1 – The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
- September 10 – Lattimer Massacre: A sheriff's posse kills more than 19 unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania.
- September 21 – In response to a letter written by 8-year-old Virginia O'Hanlon, The Sun (New York City) publishes an editorial by Francis Pharcellus Church stating, "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus".
- October 12 – The USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3, later CM-1) is recommissioned, since 1890, for several months of duty in the Hawaiian Islands.
- October 23 – The Kappa Delta Sorority is founded.
- November 1 – The Library of Congress Building in Washington, D.C., designed by Paul J. Pelz, is opened.
- Elbridge Ayer Burbank begins painting portraits of Native Americans in the United States from life.
- Women photographers Zaida Ben-Yusuf and Gertrude Käsebier open portrait studios in New York City.
- The Auburn University Marching Band is created at Auburn University (known at this date as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama) in Auburn, Alabama.
- January 3 – Marion Davies, film actress (died 1961)
- February 27 – Marian Anderson, African American contralto (died 1993)
- March 2 – Minor Hall, jazz drummer (died 1959)
- March 4 – Lefty O'Doul, baseball player and restaurateur (died 1969)
- March 8 – Charles W. Brooks, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1940 to 1949 (died 1957)
- March 11 – Henry Cowell, composer (died 1965)
- April 26 – Eddie Eagan, Olympic gold medal boxer and bobsledder (died 1967)
- May 6 – William A. Purtell, U.S. Senator from Connecticut in 1952 and from 1953 to 1959 (died 1978)
- June 6 – Homer E. Capehart, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1945 to 1963 (died 1979)
- July 9 – Albert C. Wedemeyer, U.S. Army general (died 1989)
- July 10 – John Gilbert, silent film actor (died 1936)
- July 24 – Amelia Earhart, aviation pioneer and author
- September 24 – Lee Fenner, American footballer (died 1964)
- September 25 – William Faulkner, novelist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1949 (died 1962)
- November 2 – Richard Russell, Jr., U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1933 to 1971 (died 1971)
- November 8 – Dorothy Day, journalist and social activist (died 1980)
- April 10 – Daniel W. Voorhees, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1877 to 1897 (born 1827)
- August 14 – James Z. George, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1881 to 1897 (born 1826)
- October 3 – Samuel J. R. McMillan, U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 1875 to 1887 (born 1826)
- October 11 – Charles W. Jones, Ireland-born U.S. Senator from Florida from 1875 to 1887 (born 1834)
- October 29 – Henry George, writer, politician and political economist (born 1839)
- November 3 – Thomas Lanier Clingman, North Carolina congressman, senator and confederate general (born 1812)
- Media related to 1897 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons