1898 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1898 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1896 November 8, 1898[Note 1] 1900 →

All 357 seats of the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  DavidBremmerHenderson.jpg James D Richardson.jpg
Leader David Henderson James Richardson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1899 March 4, 1899
Leader's seat Iowa-3rd Tennessee-5th
Seats before 205 seats[Note 2] 126 seats[Note 3]
Seats won 189[1][Note 4] 161[1]
Seat change Decrease 21 Increase 37

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Populist Silver
Seats before 22 1
Seats won 6[1][Note 5] 1[1]
Seat change Decrease 16 Steady

Speaker before election

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elected Speaker

David Henderson
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1898 for members of the 56th Congress, and took place in the middle of President William McKinley's first term.

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats, but was able to hold a majority over the Democratic Party. The Populist Party also lost many seats, as their movement began to decline. This was likely because many Populists rallied behind William Jennings Bryan's increasingly powerful branch of the Democratic Party, which built the rural economic issues advocated by Populists into their platform. As a result, the Democrats won a number of Western seats as well many in the Mid-Atlantic.

Election summaries[edit]

187 2 1 6 161
Republican SR S P Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Populist Silver/
Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 1 Steady 8 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Arkansas District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 7 6 Increase 3 1 Decrease 1 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Colorado District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 1[Note 6] Steady
Connecticut District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 1[Note 6] Increase 1
Illinois District 22 14 Decrease 3 8 Increase 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 9 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 7 Increase 5 0 Steady 1 Decrease 5 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 2 Decrease 2 9 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[Note 7] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 4 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 13 10 Decrease 2 3 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 12 Increase 2 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 15 3 Steady 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1
Nebraska District 6 2 Steady 1 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 8 6 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 34 16 Decrease 12 18 Increase 12 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 3 Steady 1 5 Increase 4 1[Note 5] Decrease 4 0 Steady
North Dakota At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 15 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon[Note 7] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 20 Decrease 7 10 Increase 7 0 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 13 1 Steady 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[Note 7] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 0 Decrease 4 10 Increase 4 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington At-large 2 2 Increase 2 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1
West Virginia District 4 3 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 357 187
52.4%
Decrease 20 161
45.1%
Increase 37 6[Note 5]
1.7%
Decrease 16 3[Note 4]
0.8%
Decrease 1
House seats
Republican
52.38%
Democratic
45.10%
Populist
1.68%
Silver Republican
0.56%
Silver
0.28%

The previous election of 1896 saw the election of 24 Populists, 2 Silver Republicans, and a Silver Party member.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
 
  80+% Republican
  60 to 80% Democratic
 
  60 to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates[edit]

In 1898, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

California[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected. John All Barham (Republican) 61.1%
Emmet Seawell (Democratic) 38.9%
California 2 Marion De Vries Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected. Marion De Vries (Democratic) 55.3%
Frank D. Ryan (Republican) 44.7%
California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn Republican 1894 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold
Victor H. Metcalf (Republican) 57.3%
John Aubrey Jones (Democratic) 39.1%
Thomas F. Burns (Socialist Labor) 3.6%
California 4 James G. Maguire Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired to run for California Governor.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Julius Kahn (Republican) 50%
James H. Barry (Democratic) 44.1%
W. J. Martin (Socialist Labor) 3.7%
Joseph P. Kelly (Independent) (Democratic) 2.2%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected. Eugene F. Loud (Republican) 51.8%
William Craig (Democratic) 44.3%
E. T. Kingsley (Socialist Labor) 3.9%
California 6 Charles A. Barlow Populist 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Russell J. Waters (Republican) 52.6%
Charles A. Barlow (Populist) 44.9%
James T. Van Ransselear (Socialist Labor) 2.5%
California 7 Curtis H. Castle Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
James C. Needham (Republican) 50.1%
Curtis H. Castle (Populist) 49.9%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 84.2%
E. R. Gunby (Republican) 15.8%
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Wyche Davis (Democratic) 71.8%
H. L. Anderson (Republican) 28.2%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Elliott Democratic 1886
1896
Incumbent re-elected. William Elliott (Democratic) 66.5%
George W. Murray (Republican) 33.5%
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected. W. Jasper Talbert (Democratic) 97.0%
B. P. Chatfield (Republican) 2.9%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected. Asbury Latimer (Democratic) 96.6%
John R. Tolbert (Republican) 3.3%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stanyarne Wilson (Democratic) 96.4%
P. S. Suber (Republican) 3.6%
South Carolina 5 Thomas J. Strait Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
David E. Finley (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 6 James Norton Democratic 1897 (special) Incumbent re-elected. James Norton (Democratic) 96.9%
J. H. Evans (Republican) 3.1%
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. J. William Stokes (Democratic) 89.8%
James Weston (Republican) 10.2%

South Dakota[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
John Edward Kelley Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Robert J. Gamble (Republican) 27.4%
Charles H. Burke (Republican) 25.7%
John Edward Kelley (Populist) 22.9%
Freeman Knowles (Populist) 22.8%
A. Jamison (Prohibition) 0.6%
M.D. Alexander (Prohibition) 0.6%[2]
Freeman Knowles Populist 1896 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 6 and September 12.
  2. ^ Includes two vacancies
  3. ^ Includes three vacancies
  4. ^ a b Includes 2 members of the Silver Republican faction.
  5. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Populist, John W. Atwater, elected to NC-04.
  6. ^ a b Member of the Silver Republican Party faction elected.
  7. ^ a b c Elections held early

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 152–153.
  2. ^ "Elections in States". The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1900. New York: The Tribune Association. 1900. p. 338 – via Hathi Trust Digital Library.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]