1898 in Australia
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- Premier of New South Wales - George Reid
- Premier of South Australia - Charles Kingston
- Premier of Queensland - Hugh Nelson (until 13 April), Thomas Joseph Byrnes (died in office 27 September) then James Dickson
- Premier of Tasmania - Edward Braddon
- Premier of Western Australia - John Forrest
- Premier of Victoria - George Turner
- 6 May - The paddle steamer Maitland sinks near Broken Bay, drowning 24 people.
- 3–4 June - A referendum is held in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria to approve the draft Constitution of Australia. The constitution was accepted by the required majority in South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria, but not in New South Wales.
- 17 October - The Perth Zoo opens with two lions and a tiger.
- 26 December - Gatton murders - Three members of the same family are sexually molested and murdered near the town of Gatton, Queensland (unsolved).
- The Queen Victoria Building in Sydney is completed
Science and technology
Nothing much that is important happened to do with science and technology.
Arts and literature
- W. Lister Lister wins the Wynne Prize for landscape painting or figure sculpture for his landscape The Last Gleam
- 12 February - Sali Herman (died 1993), war artist
- 24 September - Howard Walter Florey (died 1968), pharmacologist and Nobel Prize winner
- 20 March - Sir Arthur Hunter Palmer (born 1819), Premier of Queensland
- 19 September - George Edward Grey (born 1812), Governor of South Australia
- 27 September - Thomas Joseph Byrnes (born 1860), Premier of Queensland
- 2 November - George Goyder (born 1826), Surveyor-General of South Australia