From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1899.
- January 21 – French actress Sarah Bernhardt, having taken over management of the Paris theatre which she renames the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt, opens in the title rôle of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca. On May 20 she premières an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet with herself in the title rôle (sic.)
- March 20 – W. H. Davies, "tramp-poet", loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
- April – Karl Kraus establishes the radical periodical Die Fackel ("The Torch") in Vienna.
- April–June – Rainer Maria Rilke (an art student at this time) travels to Moscow to meet Leo Tolstoy.
- May–December – Winston Churchill's only work of fiction, Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania, is serialized in Macmillan's Magazine.
- May 8 – The Irish Literary Theatre, founded by W. B. Yeats, Augusta, Lady Gregory, George Moore and Edward Martyn, stages its first performance in Dublin, a version of Yeats' verse drama The Countess Cathleen.
- June 20 – English writer Edward Thomas marries Helen Noble at Fulham register office.
- September 1 – The National Theatre in Norway opens with performances of pieces by Holberg.
- September – The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company's King John (a very short silent film starring Herbert Beerbohm Tree) becomes the first known film based on a Shakespeare play.
- November – The oldest surviving Japanese film, Momijigari, is shot by Tsunekichi Shibata in Tokyo as a record of kabuki actors Onoe Kikugorō V and Ichikawa Danjūrō IX performing a scene from the play Momijigari.
- November 6 – William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes, based on the writings of Arthur Conan Doyle, opens in New York City with himself in the title rôle.
- November 7 (October 26 Old Style) – Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya receives its metropolitan première at the Moscow Art Theatre with Konstantin Stanislavski directing and playing the rôle of Astrov and Olga Knipper as Yeléna.
- December 12 – Herbert Putnam is appointed Librarian of Congress in the United States, where he will introduce into practice the Library of Congress Classification scheme.
- December – The imprisoned William Sydney Porter's pseudonym O. Henry first appears over the short story "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking" in this month's McClure's Magazine.
- Curtis Brown (literary agents) established in London by American Albert Curtis Brown.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs begins working in his father's business.
- Simon Pokagon's O-gi-maw-kwe Mit-I-gwa-ki (Queen of the Woods) is published, the first novel both by and about Native Americans in the United States.
- Arthur Machen's wife Amy dies after a long illness, an event that has a devastating effect on him.
- Lin Shu's first translation into Chinese from a Western text, The Lady of the Camellias as 巴黎茶花女遺事, is published.
- Leo Tolstoy's last novel, Resurrection («Воскресение», Voskreseniye), is published serially in Niva.
- First series of the Arden Shakespeare under the general editorship of W. J. Craig begins publication by Methuen in London with an edition of Hamlet edited by Edward Dowden.
Children and young people
- January 17 – Nevil Shute (Nevil Shute Norway), English novelist (died 1960)
- February 3 – Lao She, Chinese author (died 1966)
- February 23 – Erich Kästner, German children's author (died 1974)
- March 8 – Eric Linklater, Welsh-born Scottish novelist and travel writer (died 1974)
- March 19 – Aksel Sandemose, Danish novelist (died 1965)
- March 25 – Jacques Audiberti, French playwright (died 1965)
- April 22 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born novelist (died 1977)
- May 8 – Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-born social scientist (died 1992)
- May 24
- June 18 – Eugène Vinaver, Russian-born English literary scholar (died 1979)
- July 1 – James Lennox Kerr (Peter Dawlish, Gavin Douglas), Scottish novelist and children's writer (died 1963)
- July 8 – G. B. Edwards, Guernsey-born writer (died 1976)
- July 11 – E. B. White, American children's writer and writer on style (died 1985)
- July 21
- August 9 – P. L. Travers (Helen Lyndon Goff), Australian children's writer (died 1996)
- August 24 – Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian writer (died 1986)
- August 27 – C. S. Forester, Egyptian-born English adventure novelist (died 1966)
- October 19 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, (died 1974)
- November 10 – Kate Seredy, Hungarian-born American children's writer and illustrator (died 1975)
- November 17 – Roger Vitrac, French surrealist playwright and poet (died 1952)
- December 9 – Jean de Brunhoff, French children's author and illustrator (died 1937)
- December 16 – Noël Coward, English playwright (died 1973)
- December 18 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (died 1990)
- Unknown date
- Laurence Meynell (Valerie Baxter, A. Stephen Tring), English novelist and children's writer (died 1989)
- February 10 – Archibald Lampman, Canadian poet (born 1861)
- March 16 – Alexander Balloch Grosart, Scottish literary editor (born 1827)
- May 1 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher (born 1824)
- May 16 – Francisque Sarcey, French journalist and theater critic (born 1827)
- June 7 – Augustin Daly, American dramatist and theater manager (born 1838)
- June 30 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (born 1819)
- July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American novelist and children's author (born 1832)
- August 27 – Vendela Hebbe, Swedish journalist and novelist (born 1808)
- August 29 – Catharine Parr Traill, English-born Canadian author (born 1802)
- October 25 – Grant Allen, Canadian science writer and novelist (born 1848)
- October 27 – Florence Marryat, English novelist and entertainer (born 1833)
- November 2 – Anna Swanwick, English feminist writer (born 1813)
- November 13 – Arthur Giry, French historian (born 1848)
- December 17 – Bernard Quaritch, German-born English bibliographer and bookseller (born 1819)
- December 18 – Bonifaciu Florescu, Romanian polygraph (ventricular hypertrophy, born 1848)
- December 22 – Dwight L. Moody, American preacher and publisher (born 1837)