1899 in poetry
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|“||Take up the White Man's burden,
Go, bind your sons to exile
- March 20 – Welsh "tramp-poet" W. H. Davies loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
- William Hughes Mearns writes "Antigonish" this year; it won't be published until 1922.
- Romesh Chunder Dutt's translation of the Ramayana into English verse is first published, in London.
- Shinshisha ("New Poetry Society") founded by Yosano Tekkan in Japan.
- Frances Jones Bannerman, Milestones. London.
- William Wilfred Campbell, Beyond the Hills of Dream. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin.
- Fidelis, Lays of the "True North," and Other Canadian Poems.
- John Frederic Herbin, The Marshlands
- Archibald Lampman, Alcyone, including "City of the End of Things", the author died while the book was being printed.
- Thomas O'Hagan, Songs of the Settlement
- Frederick George Scott, Poems Old and New (Toronto: William Briggs).
- Francis Sherman, 'The Deserted City: Stray Sonnets. Boston: Copeland and Day.
- Arthur Stringer, The Loom of Destiny.
- Northland Lyrics, William Carman Roberts, Theodore Roberts & Elizabeth Roberts Macdonald; selected and arranged with a prologue by Charles G.D. Roberts and an epilogue by Bliss Carman. Boston: Small, Maynard & Co. ISBN 0-665-12501-1
- Hilaire Belloc, A Moral Alphabet
- Laurence Binyon, Second Book of London Visions (see also First Book of London Visions 1896)
- Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, Satan Absolved
- Gordon Bottomley, Poems at White-Nights
- Robert Buchanan, The New Rome: Poems and ballads of our empire
- John Davidson, The Last Ballad, and Other Poems
- Lord Alfred Douglas (anonymously in 1st edition), The City of the Soul
- Ernest Dowson, Decorations: in Verse and Prose
- Rudyard Kipling:
- "The Absent-Minded Beggar"
- "The White Man's Burden", appears first in McClure's Magazine in the United States; it is parodied this same year in "The Brown Man's Burden", by Henry Labouchère in Truth, a publication in London; the parody is reprinted in the United States in Literary Digest 18 (February 25)
- Dora Sigerson, Ballads and Poems
- Arthur Symons, Images of Good and Evil
- W. B. Yeats, The Wind Among the Reeds including "Aedh Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven"; Irish poet published in the United Kingdom, (John Lane/Bodley Head)
- Stephen Crane, War is Kind
- Paul Laurence Dunbar, Lyrics of the Hearthside
- Hamlin Gillette, The Trail of the Goldseekers
- Louise Imogen Guiney, The Martyrs' Idyl
- Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden", appears first in McClure's; it is parodied this same year in "The Brown Man's Burden", by Henry Labouchère in Truth, a publication in London; the parody is reprinted in the United States in Literary Digest 18 (February 25)
- Edwin Markham, The Man with the Hoe and Other Poems
- Howard Llewellyn Swisher, Briar Blossoms: Being a Collection of a Few Verses and Some Prose
- Henry Timrod (died 1867), Complete Poems
Other in English
- John Le Gay Brereton, Landlopers, mostly prose, based on a walking tour with Dowell Philip O'Reilly; Australia
- W. B. Yeats, The Wind Among the Reeds including "Aedh Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven"; Irish poet published in the United Kingdom, The Wind Among the Reeds, (John Lane/Bodley Head)
Works published in other languages
- Francis Jammes:
- Stéphane Mallarmé, Poésies, posthumously published
- Oscar Vladislas de Lubicz-Milosz, also known as O. V. de L. Milosz, Le Poème des décadences
- José Santos Chocano, La epopeya del Morro, Peru
- Stefan George, Teppich des Lebens ("The Carpet of Life"); German
- Gregorio Martínez Sierra, Diálogos fantásticos ("Fantastic Dialogues"), Spain
Awards and honors
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Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 26 – May Miller (died 1995) African American poet, playwright and educator
- February 17 – Jibanananda Das (died 1954), popular Bengali poet
- March 7 – Jun Ishikawa 石川淳 pen name of Ishikawa Kiyoshi, Ishikawa (died 1987), Japanese, Shōwa period modernist author, translator and literary critic
- March 25 – Jacques Audiberti (died 1965), French playwright, poet, novelist and exponent of the Theatre of the Absurd
- March 27 – Francis Ponge (died 1988), French academic, journalist and poet
- May 18 – D. Gwenallt Jones (died 1968), Welsh poet
- May 24
- May 27 – Raymond Knister died (1932), Canadian poet, novelist and short story writer
- June 6 – Hildegarde Flanner (died 1987), American poet, author and activist
- June 8 – Kaoru Maruyama 丸山 薫 (died 1974), Japanese
- July 4 – Benjamin Péret (died 1959), French poet and writer
- July 7 – Margaret Larkin (died 1967), American poet
- July 21 – Hart Crane (died 1932), American poet
- August 1 – F. R. Scott (died 1985), Canadian poet, intellectual and constitutional expert
- August 5 – Sakae Tsuboi 壺井栄 (died 1967), Japanese novelist and poet
- November 19 – Allen Tate (died 1979), American poet and member of the Fugitives and later the Southern Agrarians.
- December 9 – Léonie Adams (died 1988), American poet and Poetry Consultant to the Library of Congress
- Date not known:
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- February 10 — Archibald Lampman, 37 (born 1861), Canadian poet who died while his book, Alcyone, was being printed (see "Works", above)
- November 25 — Robert Lowry, 73 (born 1826), American hymnodist
- 19th century in poetry
- 19th century in literature
- List of years in poetry
- List of years in literature
- Victorian literature
- French literature of the 19th century
- Symbolist poetry
- Young Poland (Młoda Polska) a modernist period in Polish arts and literature, roughly from 1890 to 1918
- Fin de siècle
- Moult, Thomas (1934). W. H. Davies. London: Thornton Butterworth.
- Carole Gerson and Gwendolyn Davies, ed. Canadian Poetry from the Beginnings Through the First World War. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart NCL, 1994.
- "Campbell, William Wilfred," Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Web, Mar. 20, 2011.
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- Keith, W. J., "Poetry in English: 1867-1918", article in The Canadian Encyclopedia, retrieved February 8, 2009
- Garvin, John William, editor, Canadian poets (anthology)(Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, 1916), Web, retrieved via Google Books, June 5, 2009
- "Frederick George Scott," Canadian Poetry, UWO, Web, Apr. 19, 12011.
- Tammy Armstrong, "Francis Joseph Sherman," New Brunswick Literary Encyclopedia, STU.ca, Web, May 11, 2011.
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- Labouchère, Henry,"The Brown Man's Burden", retrieved March 17, 2009. Archived 2009-05-03.
- Ludwig, Richard M.; Nault, Clifford A. Jr. (1986). "Preface". Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983. New York: Oxford University Press. p. vi.
If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year.
- Web page titled "POET Francis Jammes (1868 - 1938)", at The Poetry Foundation website, retrieved August 30, 2009. Archived 2009-09-03.
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Web page titled "José Santos Chocano" at the Jaume University website, retrieved August 29, 2011
- "Stefan George", article, Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2004, retrieved February 23, 2010
- Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008