18 cm kurze Kanone M 80

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18 cm kurze Kanone M 80
18 cm Belagerungskanone M80 Batterie Feuerstellung "Costa Stenda" auf der Zugna Torta (BildID 15731310) (cropped).jpg
TypeHeavy siege howitzer
Place of originAustria-Hungary
Service history
In service1881-1918
Used byAustria-Hungary
WarsWorld War I
Specifications
Mass2,030 kilograms (4,480 lb) (barrel only)
Barrel length2.2 metres (87 in) L/12.3

Shell62.5 kilograms (138 lb)
Caliber180 mm
Breechhorizontal-wedge
Recoilnone
Carriagebox trail
Elevation35°
Maximum firing range5,000 metres (5,500 yd)

The 18 cm kurze Kanone M 80 (short cannon) was a heavy siege howitzer used by Austria-Hungary during World War I. Designed to replace the M 61 series of siege guns the M 80 family of siege guns offered greater range and armor penetration than the older guns. The proven steel-bronze was used for the barrel and the iron carriage lacked any system to absorb recoil other than the traditional recoil wedges placed underneath and behind the wheels of the carriage. These wedges helped to absorb the recoil force and encouraged the wheels to run forward to bring the gun back into battery. Generally a wooden firing platform was constructed for these guns in action to provide a level and smooth surface. For transport the barrel was removed from the carriage by a crane and carried separately.

These siege guns were no longer useful against modern armored fortresses by the outbreak of World War I and many saw action in the field to fill the need for heavy howitzers.

References[edit]

  • Ortner, M. Christian. The Austro-Hungarian Artillery From 1867 to 1918: Technology, Organization, and Tactics. Vienna, Verlag Militaria, 2007 ISBN 978-3-902526-13-7
  • Łukasz Chrzanowski "Artyleria Austro-Węgierska 1860-1890" Przemyśl, Wydawnictwo FORT, 2008, ISBN 978-83-923657-7-8

External links[edit]