18th Indian Division

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18th Indian Division
Active 24 December 1917 – 1921
Country  British India
Allegiance British Crown
Branch  British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Part of I Corps
Engagements

World War I

Mesopotamian Campaign
Battle of Sharqat
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Major-General H.D. Fanshawe

The 18th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service in the First World War. It took part in the Mesopotamian campaign and formed part of the occupation force for Iraq post-war. The division was not reformed for the Second World War.[1]

History[edit]

Indian troops Mesopotamia

The 18th Indian Division was formed in Mesopotamia on 24 December 1917, although the last of its brigades (55th) was not formed until January 1918. Many of the division's units transferred directly from India so time was needed for them to become acclimatized. It remained in Mesopotamia for the rest of the First World War, taking part in the Action at Fat-ha Gorge on the Little Zab (23–26 October 1918) and the Battle of Sharqat (28–30 October 1918) under the command of I Corps.[2][3]

At the end of the war, the 18th Division was chosen to form part of the occupation force for Iraq. It took part in the Iraq Rebellion in 1920 and was broken up in the following year.[2]

Order of battle[edit]

The division commanded the following units, although not all of them served at the same time:[4]

53rd Indian Brigade[edit]

54th Indian Brigade[edit]

55th Indian Brigade[edit]

Divisional Artillery[edit]

  • CCXXXVI Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (A, B, C and D (H) Batteries)[a]
  • CCXXXVII Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (A, B, C and 341st (H) Batteries)[b]
  • X.18 Medium Trench Mortar Battery
  • 18th Divisional Ammunition Column

Engineers and Pioneers[edit]

Divisional Troops[edit]

  • 249th Machine Gun Company
  • 18th Machine Gun Battalion[c]
  • 37th, 38th, 39th and 40th Combined Field Ambulances, RAMC
  • No. 12 Mobile Veterinary Section, AVC
  • 18th Division Train, ASC

Commander[edit]

The division was commanded from 7 January 1918 by Major-General H.D. Fanshawe.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ CCXXXVI Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was originally the 2/II Home Counties Brigade of the 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division, Territorial Force.[5]
  2. ^ CCXXXVII Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was originally the 2/III Home Counties Brigade of the 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division, Territorial Force.[5]
  3. ^ 18th Machine Gun Battalion was organised in November 1918 from the 207th, 238th, 239th and 249th Machine Gun Companies.[5]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (1996). The World War One Source Book. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-351-7. 
  • Kempton, Chris (2003a). 'Loyalty & Honour', The Indian Army September 1939 – August 1947. Part I Divisions. Milton Keynes: The Military Press. ISBN 0-85420-228-5. 
  • Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign. London: Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5. 
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport, Gwent: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X. 
  • Wilson-Johnston, Lt.-Col. W.E. (2001) [1919]. Account of the Operations of the 18th (Indian) Division in Mesopotamia December 1917 to December 1918. Naval & Military Press. ISBN 978-1-84574-323-9. 

External links[edit]