18th Intelligence Squadron
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|18th Intelligence Squadron|
|Active||1943–1945; 1951; 1993–present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Combat Command|
|Motto(s)||Space Dominance|
|Engagements||Global War on Terrorism|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device|
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
|Lt. Col. Amanda Werkheiser|
|18th Intelligence Squadron emblem (approved 24 August 1995)|
The squadron provides intelligence for the planning, development, and execution of space control operations. The squadron consists of a headquarters element at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio and two geographically separated detachments: Detachment 2, Osan Air Base, Korea; and Detachment 4, RAF Feltwell, United Kingdom.
The 18th is assigned to the 544th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group, of Twenty-Fifth Air Force of Air Combat Command. Through fixed and mobile sites, it provides scientific and technical collection to National Security Agency, Air Force Materiel Command, and the 21st Space Wing, Passive Space Surveillance mission. Where available, it also provides limited analysis to the entities.
World War II
The squadron was originally activated as the 5th Photographic Laboratory Section on 20 October 1943 at Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma. While training at Esler Field, Louisiana, it was redesignated as the 5th Photographic Technical Unit on 30 November 1944 and as the 18th Photographic Technical Unit on 29 January 1945.
The 18th moved overseas in the spring of 1945, arriving in Nancy/Azelot Airfield, France, little more than a month before V-E Day, on 22 March 1945. It was inactivated on 27 December 1945 at Bad Kissingen Airfield, Germany. In these early years, the unit served in the United States, France, and Germany.
Strategic Air Command
The 68th Reconnaissance Technical Squadron was activated on 10 October 1951 at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio as an original element of the 68th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, which was located at Lake Charles Air Force Base, Louisiana, and began to equip with Boeing B-29 Superfortresses borrowed from other units. However, before the end of the year, Strategic Air Command decided to change the 68th Wing mission to bombardment and the squadron was inactivated on 10 December 1951.
Redesignation and intelligence operations
On 16 October 1984, the 18th Photographic Technical Unit and the 68th Reconnaissance Technical Squadron were consolidated as the 18th Reconnaissance Technical Squadron, but the consolidated unit remained inactive. It was redesignated the 18th Intelligence Squadron on 3 September 1993 and activated on 7 September 1993 at Falcon Air Force Base, Colorado, drawing its personnel and equipment from a detachment of a United States Air Force Security Service unit, which was discontinued.
The squadron's Detachment 1 was organized at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico in June 1995, and moved to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio during the summer of 2000. Detachment 1 was the Air Intelligence Agency's only transportable system conducting radio frequency phenomenology studies. Detachment 1 was discontinued on 8 June 2010 and merged with the 18th Intelligence Squadron, which moved from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California to Wright-Patterson. Assigned personnel provide data in support of Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency, National Air and Space Intelligence Center, and United States Strategic Command missions as well as information critical to the National Security Agency and other national-level organizations.
- 18th Photographic Technical Unit
- Constituted as The 5th Photo Lab[oratory] Section on 9 October 1943
- Activated on 20 October 1943
- Redesignated 5th Photographic Technical Unit on 30 November 1944
- Redesignated 18th Photographic Technical Unit on 29 January 1945
- Inactivated on 27 December 1945
- Consolidated with the 68 Reconnaissance Technical Squadron as the 18th Reconnaissane Technical Squadron on 16 October 1984
- 18th Intelligence Squadron
- Constituted as the 68th Reconnaissance Technical Squadron and activated on 18 October 1951
- Inactivated on 27 December 1951
- Consolidated with the 18th Photographic Technical Unit as the 18th Reconnaissane Technical Squadron on 16 October 1984
- Redesignated 18th Intelligence Squadron on 3 September 1993
- Activated on 7 September 1993
- 76th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, 20 October 1943
- 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, 19 April 1944
- XII Tactical Air Command, 23 June–27 December 1945
- 68th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, 18 October–10 December 1951
- 544th Intelligence Group (later 544 Information Operations Group, 544 Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Group), 7 September 1993 – present
- Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma, 20 October 1943
- Thermal Army Air Field, California, 26 November 1943
- Esler Field, Louisiana, 8 May 1944
- Key Field, Mississippi, c. 29 January–26 Feb 1945
- Nancy-Azelot Airfield (A-95), France, 22 March 1945
- Haguenau (Y-39), France, 3 April 1945
- Mannheim-Sandhofen Airfield (Y-79), Germany, 13 July 1945
- Darmstadt-Griesheim Airfield (Y-76), Germany, 19 September 1945
- Bad Kissingen Airfield, Germany, 5–27 December 1945
- Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, 10 October 1951 – 10 December 1951
- Falcon Air Force Base (later Schriever Air Force Base), Colorado, 7 September 1993
- Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, 1 November 2004
- Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio c. June 2010
- Detachment 1 – Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, June 1995 – 2000
- Detachment 1 – Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 2000 – 8 June 2010[note 1]
- Detachment 1 – Vandenberg AFB, California, Summer 2013 – present
- Detachment 2 – Osan Air Base, Republic of Korea, 1 January 1994 – present
- Detachment 3 – Misawa Air Base, Japan, 1 January 1994 – 30 June 2002
- Detachment 4 – RAF Feltwell, United Kingdom, 1 January 1994 – present
- Detachment 5 – RAF Edzell, Scotland, 1 January 1994 – 20 September 1997
- Detachment 6 – Holloman AFB, New Mexico, 1 April 1995 – 15 June 1995 (redesignated Detachment 1)
- Operating Location VN – Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, 8 June 2010 – Summer 2013
- Explanatory noted
- Detachments and Operating Locations are not units, but components of a unit. AF Instruction 38-101, Manpower and Organization, Air Force Organization, 31 January 2017, para 4.3.3 Therefore, they have no independent lineage and are not related, even when they have the same name.
- Dollman, TSG Davis (October 18, 2016). "Factsheet 18 Intelligence Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- See Johnson, TSG Scott, 88th Air Base Wing Public Affairs (September 1, 2017). "WPAFB designated historical site still valued after 70 years". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved May 12, 2018. "[T]he squadron flag didn't move here until 2010."
- Richelson,[page needed]
- "Air Intelligence Agency Mission Directive 1520: 18th Intelligence Squadron" (PDF). Air Intelligence Agency. May 5, 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- Ravenstein, p. 108
- Station number in Johnson.
- No byline (2 January 2008). "544th Intelligence Group". Air Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 17 June 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- AIA Spokesman November 2004
- "Naval Security Group Station History". navycthistory.com. July 13, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Richelson, Jeffrey T. (1995). The United States Intelligence Community (3rd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 978-0813323763.