1900 College Football All-America Team
The 1900 College Football All-America team is composed of college football players who were selected as All-Americans by various individuals who chose College Football All-America Teams for the 1900 college football season. The only two individuals who have been recognized as "official" selectors by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for the 1900 season are Walter Camp and Caspar Whitney, who had originated the College Football All-America Team eleven years earlier in 1889. Camp's 1900 All-America Team was published in Collier's Weekly, and Whitney's selections were published in Outing magazine.
In its official listing of "Consensus All-America Selections," the NCAA designates players who were selected by either Camp or Whitney as "consensus" All-Americans. Using this criteria, the NCAA recognizes 15 players as "consensus" All-American for the 1900 football season. The consensus All-Americans are identified in bold on the list below ("All-American selections for 1900") and include the following:
- James Bloomer, a tackle for Yale who later became a real estate broker specializing in the sale and rental of mansions on Long Island's "Gold Coast."
- Gordon Brown, a guard for Yale who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954.
- Dave Campbell, an end for Harvard who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1958.
- George B. Chadwick, a halfback for Yale who later had a long career as a teacher of English, history and Latin at Eastern private boys' schools.
- Charles Dudley Daly, a quarterback for Harvard who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951. Daly later served eight years as the head football coach for Army, compiling a record of 58–13–3.
- William Fincke, a quarterback for Yale who later became a pacifist minister and educator and founded the Manumit School on his dairy farm in Pawling, New York.
- Perry Hale, a fullback for Yale who later became the head football coach at Ohio State University.
- T. Truxtun Hare, a guard for Penn who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951. In 2008, Sports Illustrated sought to answer the question, "Who would have won the Heisman from 1900-1934?" Its selection for 1900 was Truxtun Hare, a player who selected as a first-team All-American four consecutive years. Sports Illustrated noted: "Few early 20th Century players were as revered as Hare, who played every minute of every game."
- Bill Morley, a halfback for Columbia who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1971. He became a prominent cattle and sheep rancher in New Mexico.
- Walter Smith, an end for United States Military Academy who spent more than 40 years in the United States Army, taught at West Point and the United States Army War College, served as chief of staff of the Army's 82nd Division, and reached the rank of Brigadier-General.
Concerns of Eastern bias
The All-America selections by Camp and Whitney were dominated by players from the East and the Ivy League in particular. In 1900, all 15 consensus All-Americans came from Eastern universities, and 13 of 15 played in the Ivy League. The Yale Bulldogs (Camp's alma mater) had seven players who were designated as consensus All-Americans. The only two consensus All-Americans from schools outside the Ivy League were Walter Smith of Army and Walter E. Bachman of Lafayette College.
The dominance of Eastern players led to criticism over the years that the All-America selections were biased against players from the leading Western universities, including Chicago, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Notre Dame. No players from western schools received first-team or second-team All-American honors in 1900. Two western players were selected by Camp for his third team: Page, a fullback for Minnesota; and Clyde Williams, a quarterback for Iowa.
In addition to Camp and Whitney, other sports writers and publications selected All-America teams in 1900, though such lists have not been recognized as "official" All-America selections by the NCAA. The list below includes the All-America selections made by Charles Sargent for Leslie's Weekly and George W. Orton for The Philadelphia Inquirer. Only four players were unanimously selected by Camp, Whitney, Sargent, and Orton. They were James Bloomer, Gordon Brown, Truxton Hare, and end John Hallowell of Harvard.
All-American selections for 1900
- John Hallowell, Harvard (WC-1; CW-1; GO-1; CS; IN)
- Dave Campbell, Harvard (College Football Hall of Fame) (WC-1; CS; IN)
- Walter Smith, Army (WC-3; CW-1)
- Sherman L. Coy, Yale (WC-2; GO-1)
- Charles Gould, Yale (WC-2)
- Solon Dodds, Wesleyan (CW-2)
- Neil Nichols, Navy (CW-2)
- Henry Van Hoevenberg, Columbia (WC-3)
- George S. Stillman, Yale (WC-1; CW-1; CS; IN)
- James Bloomer, Yale (WC-1; CW-2; GO-1; CS; IN)
- Blondy Wallace, Penn (WC-2; GO-1)
- James Lawrence, Harvard (WC-2; CW-2; IN)
- Edward R. Alexander, Cornell (WC-3)
- Edward Farnsworth, Army (WC-3)
- Gordon Brown, Yale (College Football Hall of Fame) (WC-1; CW-1; GO-1; CS; IN)
- Truxtun Hare, Penn (College Football Hall of Fame) (WC-1; CW-1; GO-1; CS; IN)
- Jack Wright, Columbia (WC-2; CW-2; CS [c])
- Richard "Dick" Sheldon, Yale (WC-2)
- Trout, Lafayette (CW-2)
- John Teas, Penn (WC-3)
- Charles Belknap, Jr., Navy (WC-3)
- Herman Olcott, Yale (WC-1; CW-2; GO-1; IN)
- Walter E. Bachman, Lafayette (CW-1)
- Charles Sprague Sargent, Harvard (WC-2)
- Page, Minnesota (WC-3)
- Charles Dudley Daly, Harvard (WC-2; CW-1; GO-1; CS; IN)
- William Fincke, Yale (WC-1; CW-2)
- Clyde Williams, Iowa (WC-3)
- Bill Morley, Columbia (College Football Hall of Fame) (WC-1; CW-1; CS)
- George B. Chadwick, Yale (WC-1; CW-1)
- George A. Sawin, Harvard (WC-2; CW-2; GO-1)
- Albert Sharpe, Yale (WC-3; GO-1; IN)
- Edward Hale Kendall, Harvard (CW-2)
- Harold Weekes, Columbia (College Football Hall of Fame) (WC-2; CS; IN)
- Howard R. Reiter, Princeton (WC-3; IN)
- Perry Hale, Yale (WC-1; CW-1 [tackle]; CS; IN)
- Raymond Starbuck, Cornell (CW-1)
- Alexander J. Inglis, Wesleyan (CW-2)
- Josiah McCracken, Penn (WC-3; GO-1)
- David Dudley Cure, Lafayette (WC-2; deemed "ineligible" by Whitney)
- WC = Walter Camp published in Collier's Weekly
- CW = Caspar Whitney for Outing magazine.
- GO = George W. Orton in The Philadelphia Inquirer
- CS = Charles Sargent in Leslie's Weekly
- IN = The Inlander. Nine prominent coaches, from both the East and West, were asked by The Inlander to cast votes. The nine coaches were Dibble of Harvard, Woodruff of Penn, Pell (captain) of Princeton, Warner of Carlisle, Newton of Lafayette, King of Wisconsin, Robinson of Brown, Eckstorm of O.S.U., and Horne of Indiana.
- Bold = Consensus All-American
- "2014 NCAA Football Records: Consensus All-America Selections" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). 2014. p. 4. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- "Walter Camp's 1900 All America Selections". Capital Times. 1930-11-23.
- Caspar Whitney (January 1901). "University Football: The Season of 1900 Reviewed" (PDF). Outing. pp. 483–484.
- "James Bloomer, 83, L.I. Real-Estate Man". The New York Times. November 13, 1963.
- "Gordon "Skim" Brown". College Football Hall of Fame.
- "Dave Campbell". College Football Hall of Fame.
- "G.B. Chadwick, 81, '02 Yale Halfback; Captain of Unbeaten Team, Prep School Teacher, Dies". The New York Times. October 19, 1961.
- "Charlie Daly". College Football Hall of Fame.
- "Charles D. Daly Records by Year". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Obituary Record of Yale Graduates, 1926-1927 (PDF). Bulletin of Yale University. August 1, 1927. pp. 255–256.
- American National Biography: Supplement 2: Supplement 2. Oxford University Press. 2005. pp. 174–175.
- "Perry Hall Dead; Grid Star at Yale". The New York Times. April 8, 1948.
- "Truxton "Trux" Hare". College Football Hall of Fame.
- Mike Beacom (December 12, 2008). "Who would have won the Heisman from 1900-1934". Sports Illustrated.
- George Baldwin (April 1, 1971). "Meet the Morleys -- A fascinating family: N.M. son makes football hall of fame; dad brought Santa Fe rails to state". The Albuquerque Tribune.(available at newspaperarchive.com)
- "Bill Morley". College Football Hall of Fame.[permanent dead link]
- "W. Ray Morley, Long Resident of State, Dies in California: Was Football Star, Cattleman, Banker and One of New Mexico's Most Picturesque Characters". Albuquerque Journal. May 30, 1932. p. 1.
- Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of The U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. Seeman & Peters, Printers. 1920. pp. 945–946.
- "Smith, Walter Driscol, Brigadier-General". Generals.dk.
- "All-American Teams of East Are Jokes: Critics Who Never Saw Western Teams Play to Name Best in Country -- Forget About Michigan, Minnesota and Illinois". The Mansfield News. December 8, 1910.
- Ross Tenney (December 31, 1922). "Much Dissatisfaction Over Camp's All-American Team: Football Dean Is Accused of Favoring East; Walter Camp Soundly Scored For 'Poorest Teams Ever Foisted Upon Public'". The Des Moines Capital.
- "All-America Addendum -- Part 2" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. November 2008.
- "George Orton Picks an All American football Team". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 1900-12-09.
- Ira A. Campbell (January 1901). "An All-American Football Eleven: The Option of Nine College Coaches". The Inlander. pp. 138–142.