1900 International Lawn Tennis Challenge

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The 1900 International Lawn Tennis Challenge was the first edition of what is now known as the Davis Cup.

History[edit]

The tournament was conceived in 1899[1] by four members of the Harvard University tennis team who came up with the idea of challenging the British to a tennis competition. Once the idea received the go-ahead from the United States Lawn Tennis Association and the British Lawn Tennis Association, Dwight F. Davis,[2] one of the four Harvard players,[3] designed a tournament format and spent money from his own pocket to purchase an appropriate sterling silver trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low. The first match between the United States and the British Isles was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900. The American team, of which Davis was a part, won the first three matches and the Challenge.[3]

Teams[edit]

United States[edit]

  • Dwight Davis: A left-hander who possessed the twist serve, backing this up with steady ground strokes and volleys. In 1899 Davis won the Intercollegiate and US National Doubles Championships with Ward.[4]
  • Holcombe Ward: A right-hander and credited with originating the twist serve. He won the Intercollegiate and US National Doubles Championships with Davis in 1899.[5]
  • Malcolm Whitman: A right-hander who appeared in the quarterfinals of the 1896 and 1897 US National Championships and won in 1898, defeating Dwight F. Davis in the all-comers final and receiving the title because 1897 champion Robert Wrenn was fighting in the Spanish–American War. Prior to the Challenge he had placed in the U.S. Top 10 three times, and was ranked No. 1 in 1898 and 1899.[5]

British Isles[edit]

  • Ernest Black
  • Arthur Gore: A right-hander who appeared in the semifinals of the 1898 Wimbledon Championships, the Challenge Round of the 1899 Championships – losing to Reginald Doherty – and the all-comers final of the 1900 Championships, losing to Sydney Smith.[6]
  • Herbert Roper Barrett: A right-hander who appeared in the semifinals of the 1899 Wimbledon Championships and the quarterfinals of the 1900 Championships.[6] He also teamed with Harold Nisbet to reach the Challenge Round in the doubles at the latter Championships, losing to Laurence and Reginald Doherty.[7]

Result[edit]


United States
3
Longwood Cricket Club, Boston, Massachusetts, United States[8]
8–10 August 1900[1][2][3]
Grass

British Isles
0
1 2 3 4 5
1 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis
Ernest Black
4
6
6
2
6
4
6
4
   [8]
2 United States
United Kingdom
Malcolm Whitman
Arthur Gore
6
1
6
3
6
2
     [8]
3 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis / Holcombe Ward
Ernest Black / Herbert Roper Barrett
6
4
6
4
6
4
     [8]
4 United States
United Kingdom
Dwight Davis
Arthur Gore
9
7
9
9
      not
completed
[8]
5 United States
United Kingdom
Malcolm Whitman
Ernest Black
          not
played
[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Davis Cup History". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Newman, Paul (2009-03-09). "The Ten Best Davis Cup Moments". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  3. ^ a b c "Davis Cup competition established". History. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  4. ^ Trengove, Alan (1985). The Story of the Davis Cup. Century Hutchinson Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-09-159860-5. 
  5. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 640. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  6. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 408. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  7. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Chapter Press. p. 427. ISBN 978-0-942257-41-0. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Davis Cup - Tie details - 1900 - USA v British Isles". ITF. Retrieved 2011-04-22.