1900 in the United Kingdom
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|1900 in the United Kingdom|
|1898 | 1899 | 1900 | 1901 | 1902|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- Monarch – Victoria
- Prime Minister – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Coalition)
- Parliament – 26th (until 25 September), 27th (starting 3 December)
- 3 January – royal yacht Victoria and Albert almost capsizes while being floated out of dry dock at Pembroke Dock on completion of her construction.
- 9 January – influenza outbreak in London.
- 24 January – Second Boer War: Boers repel British troops under General Sir Redvers Buller at the Battle of Spion Kop.
- 31 January – the Gramophone Company copyrights the His Master's Voice illustration.
- 5 February – the UK and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal through Nicaragua.
- 6 February – the House of Commons vote of censure over the government's handling of the Second Boer War is defeated by a majority of 213.
- 8 February – Second Boer War: British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
- 12 February – meeting held at Mile End to protest against the Boer War ends in uproar.
- 14 February – Second Boer War: in South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
- 27 February
- 28 February – Second Boer War: the 118-day Siege of Ladysmith is lifted.
March to September
- March–September – War of the Golden Stool fought against the Ashanti Empire.
- 1 April – Irish Guards formed by Queen Victoria.
- 4 April – an anarchist shoots at the Prince of Wales during his visit to Belgium for the birthday celebrations of the King of Belgium.
- 4 April – Queen Victoria arrives in Dublin on a rare visit.
- 23 April–12 May: the Automobile Club of Great Britain stages a Thousand Mile Trial, a reliability motor rally over a circular route from London to Edinburgh and return.
- 24 April – the Daily Express newspaper published for the first time.
- 14 May – 28 October: Great Britain and Ireland compete at the Olympics in Paris and win 15 gold, 6 silver and 9 bronze medals.
- 17 May – Second Boer War: Siege of Mafeking ends.
- 18 May – the UK proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
- 5 June – Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria, South Africa.
- 19–21 July – Bernard Bosanquet first bowls a googly in first-class cricket, playing for Middlesex against Leicestershire at Lord's.
- 27 July – Louise, Princess Royal, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, marries Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace, London; 2 days later he is created Duke of Fife, the last Dukedom created in Britain for a person who is not a son, grandson or consort of the Sovereign.
- 30 July
- The Duke of Albany becomes Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Carl Eduard following the death of his uncle, Duke Alfred, a son of Queen Victoria who is the third of the reigning monarch's children to die.
- Mines (Prohibition of Child Labour Underground) Act prohibits children under the age of thirteen from working in mines.
- 8 August – Great Britain loses to the United States in the first Davis Cup tennis competition.
- 14 August – an international contingent of troops, under British command, invades Peking and frees the Europeans taken hostage.
- 27 August – British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal.
- 3 September – West Bromwich Albion F.C. move into The Hawthorns, a new stadium on the border of West Bromwich and Handsworth.
- 3 October – Edward Elgar’s choral work The Dream of Gerontius receives its first performance, in Birmingham Town Hall.
- 25 October – Second Boer War: United Kingdom annexes Transvaal.
- 3 December – the Conservative Party under Lord Salisbury wins the 'Khaki' general election. Winston Churchill is elected Member of Parliament for Oldham; and two Labour candidates are successful: Keir Hardie in Merthyr Tydfil and Richard Bell in Derby.
- 28 December – the Liverpool barque Primrose Hill is wrecked on South Stack off Holyhead, with the loss of 33 lives.
- 31 December – a storm causes a stone and a lintel to fall at Stonehenge; they are restored in 1958.
- Beer Scare: beer drinkers in North West England suffer poisoning from arsenic in brewing sugars: 6,000 people affected and 70 killed.
- William Harbutt of Bathampton begins commercial production of Plasticine modelling clay.
- Diamond Jubilee wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Epsom Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St Leger, ridden by Herbert Jones.
- Completion of the Arnold Cross estate, Shoreditch, London; Britain's first council estate to be commenced (10 years previously).
- Ernest Bramah's oriental fantasy stories The Wallet of Kai Lung.
- Joseph Conrad's novel Lord Jim.
- Maurice Hewlett's historical novel The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay.
- Gertrude Jekyll's book Home and Garden: notes and thoughts, practical and critical, of a worker in both.
- Arthur Quiller-Couch's anthology The Oxford Book of English Verse 1250–1900.
- H. G. Wells' novel Love and Mr Lewisham.
- 31 March – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (died 1974)
- 27 May – Ethel Lang, née Lancaster, supercentenarian (died 2015)
- 30 May – Gerald Gardiner, Lord High Chancellor (died 1990)
- 6 June – Arthur Askey, comedian (died 1982)
- 25 June – Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten, naval officer and statesman (assassinated 1979 in Ireland)
- 4 August – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later queen consort of George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (died 2002)
- 4 September – Maxwell Knight, spymaster and naturalist (died 1968)
- 9 September – James Hilton, novelist (died 1954)
- 1 October – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (died 1966)
- 6 October – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (died 1961)
- 8 October – Geoffrey Jellicoe, landscape architect (died 1996)
- 9 October – Alastair Sim, actor (died 1976)
- 14 October – Roland Penrose, Surrealist painter and art collector (died 1984)
- 16 October – Edward Ardizzone, painter, printmaker and author (born in Vietnam; died 1979)
- 22 December – Alan Bush, pianist, composer and conductor (died 1995)
- December – Jack Solomons, boxing promoter (died 1979)
- 20 January – John Ruskin, writer and social critic (born 1819)
- 22 January – David E. Hughes, musician and professor of music (born 1831)
- 31 January – John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, nobleman and boxer (born 1844)
- 23 February – William Butterfield, architect (born 1814)
- 24 April – George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, politician (born 1823)
- 30 July – Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second eldest son of Queen Victoria (born 1844)
- 31 August – John Bennet Lawes, agricultural scientist (born 1814)
- 22 November – Arthur Sullivan, composer (born 1842)
- 30 November – Oscar Wilde, playwright, writer and poet (born 1854)
- "Pembroke Dock Community Website". Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2007.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 329–330. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Baren, Maurice (1997). How Household Names Began. London: Michael O'Mara Books. pp. 71–2. ISBN 1-85479-257-1.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1900 One Thousand Mile Trial". Grace's Guide. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- "Middlesex v Leicestershire". CricketArchive. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- Bedwell, C. E. A.; The Earl of Roseberry; MacDonell, Sir John (1909). The Legislation of the Empire (Vol. 1). London: Butterworth & Co. p. 63. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- "Grounds for debate". West Bromwich Albion. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- Lindsay, Jean (1987). The Great Strike : a History of the Penrhyn Quarry Dispute of 1900–1903. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8635-2.
- Thorpe, Andrew (2001). A History Of The British Labour Party. Palgrave. ISBN 0-333-92908-X.
- "The Shipwreck of the Primrose Hill in 1900 off South Stack, Holyhead". Anglesey Môn Information Website. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- Blocker, Jack S.; Fahey, David M.; Tyrrel, Ian R. Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: a Global Encyclopedia. p. 56.
- "Boundary Estate, Arnold Circus, Shoreditch, London, E2". London: Base. 5 February 2013. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.