1900 in the United Kingdom
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|1900 in the United Kingdom:|
|1898 | 1899 | 1900 | 1901 | 1902|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
Events from the year 1900 in the United Kingdom.
- 3 January — Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert almost capsizes while being floated out of dry dock at Pembroke Dock on completion of her construction.
- 9 January — Influenza outbreak in London.
- 24 January — Second Boer War: Boers repel British troops under General Sir Redvers Buller at the Battle of Spion Kop.
- 31 January — The Gramophone Company copyrights the His Master's Voice illustration.
- 5 February — The UK and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal through Nicaragua.
- 6 February — The House of Commons vote of censure over the government's handling of the Second Boer War is defeated by a majority of 213.
- 8 February — Second Boer War: British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
- 12 February — Meeting held at Mile End to protest against the Boer War ends in uproar.
- 14 February — Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
- 27 February
- 28 February — Second Boer War: The 118-day Siege of Ladysmith is lifted.
- March–September — War of the Golden Stool fought against the Ashanti Empire.
- 1 April — Irish Guards formed by Queen Victoria.
- 4 April — An anarchist shoots at The Prince of Wales during his visit to Belgium for the birthday celebrations of the King of Belgium.
- 4 April — Queen Victoria arrives in Dublin on a rare visit.
- 23 April–12 May — The Automobile Club of Great Britain stages a Thousand Mile Trial, a reliability motor rally over a circular route from London to Edinburgh and return.
- 24 April — The Daily Express newspaper published for the first time.
- 14 May–28 October — Great Britain and Ireland compete at the Olympics in Paris and win 15 gold, 6 silver and 9 bronze medals.
- 17 May — Second Boer War: Siege of Mafeking ends.
- 18 May — The UK proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
- 5 June — Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria, South Africa.
- 19–21 July — Bernard Bosanquet first bowls a googly in first-class cricket, playing for Middlesex against Leicestershire at Lord's.
- 27 July — Louise, Princess Royal, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, marries Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace, London; 2 days later he is created Duke of Fife, the last Dukedom created in Britain for a person who is not a son, grandson or consort of the Sovereign.
- 30 July
- The Duke of Albany becomes Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Carl Eduard following the death of his uncle, Duke Alfred, a son of Queen Victoria who is the third of the reigning monarch's children to die.
- Mines (Prohibition of Child Labour Underground) Act prohibits children under the age of thirteen from working in mines.
- 8 August — Great Britain loses to the United States in the first Davis Cup tennis competition.
- 14 August — An international contingent of troops, under British command, invades Peking and frees the Europeans taken hostage.
- 27 August — British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal.
- 3 September — West Bromwich Albion F.C. move into The Hawthorns, a new stadium on the border of West Bromwich and Handsworth.
- 3 October — Edward Elgar’s oratorio The Dream of Gerontius receives its first performance in Birmingham Town Hall.
- 25 October — Second Boer War: United Kingdom annexes Transvaal.
- 22–14 November 1903 — Strike of Welsh slate workers at Penrhyn Quarry.
- 3 December — The Conservative Party under Lord Salisbury wins the 'Khaki' general election. Winston Churchill is elected Member of Parliament for Oldham; and two Labour candidates are successful: Keir Hardie in Merthyr Tydfil and Richard Bell in Derby.
- 28 December — The Liverpool barque Primrose Hill is wrecked on South Stack off Holyhead, with the loss of 33 lives.
- 31 December — A storm causes a stone and a lintel to fall at Stonehenge; they are restored in 1958.
- Beer Scare: beer drinkers in North West England suffer poisoning from arsenic in brewing sugars: 6,000 people affected and 70 killed.
- William Harbutt of Bathampton begins commercial production of Plasticine modelling clay.
- Diamond Jubilee wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Epsom Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St Leger, ridden by Herbert Jones.
- Completion of the Arnold Cross estate, Shoreditch, London; Britain's first council estate to be commenced (10 years previously).
- Ernest Bramah's oriental fantasy stories The Wallet of Kai Lung.
- Joseph Conrad's novel Lord Jim.
- Maurice Hewlett's historical novel The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay.
- Gertrude Jekyll's book Home and Garden: notes and thoughts, practical and critical, of a worker in both.
- Arthur Quiller-Couch's anthology The Oxford Book of English Verse 1250–1900.
- H. G. Wells' novel Love and Mr Lewisham.
- 31 March — Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (died 1974)
- 27 May — Ethel Lang, née Lancaster, supercentenarian (died 2015)
- 30 May — Gerald Gardiner, Lord High Chancellor (died 1990)
- 6 June — Arthur Askey, comedian (died 1982)
- 25 June — Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten, naval officer and statesman (assassinated 1979 in Ireland)
- 4 August — Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, queen consort of George VI (died 2002)
- 4 September — Maxwell Knight, spymaster and naturalist (died 1968)
- 9 September — James Hilton, novelist (died 1954)
- 1 October — Tom Goddard, English cricketer (died 1966)
- 6 October — Stan Nichols, English cricketer (died 1961)
- 8 October — Geoffrey Jellicoe, landscape architect (died 1996)
- 9 October — Alastair Sim, actor (died 1976)
- 20 January — John Ruskin, writer and social critic (born 1819)
- 22 January — David E. Hughes, musician and professor of music (born 1831)
- 31 January — John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, nobleman and boxer (born 1844)
- 24 April — George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, politician (born 1823)
- 30 July — Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second eldest son of Queen Victoria (born 1844)
- 22 November — Arthur Sullivan, composer (born 1842)
- 30 November — Oscar Wilde, playwright, writer and poet (born 1854)
- Pembroke Dock Community Website
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 329–330. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Baren, Maurice (1997). How Household Names Began. London: Michael O'Mara Books. pp. 71–2. ISBN 1-85479-257-1.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1900 One Thousand Mile Trial". Grace's Guide. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- "Middlesex v Leicestershire". CricketArchive. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- Bedwell, C. E. A.; The Earl of Roseberry; MacDonell, Sir John (1909). The Legislation of the Empire (Vol. 1). London: Butterworth & Co. p. 63. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- "Grounds for debate". West Bromwich Albion. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- Lindsay, Jean (1987). The Great Strike : a History of the Penrhyn Quarry Dispute of 1900–1903. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8635-2.
- Thorpe, Andrew (2001). A History Of The British Labour Party. Palgrave. ISBN 0-333-92908-X.
- "The Shipwreck of the Primrose Hill in 1900 off South Stack, Holyhead". Anglesey Môn Information Website. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- Blocker, Jack S.; Fahey, David M.; Tyrrel, Ian R. Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: a Global Encyclopedia. p. 56.
- "Boundary Estate, Arnold Circus, Shoreditch, London, E2". London: Base. 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.