Census in Pakistan

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The Census in Pakistan is conducted every 10 years across the entire nation. The first census was conducted after independence in 1951, and later in 1961, 1972, 1981, and 1998.[1] The 1971 census was delayed one year due to the conflict in East Pakistan, while the census in 2000 was delayed due to political issues.[citation needed] Pakistan's next national census was scheduled to take place in 2008,[2][3] and later in 2010 but the plan could not materialise.[4][better source needed] There were multiple census counts completed for the latest round, with even the latest April 2012 results,[5][6] subsequently being thrown out as "unreliable". A UN led census is to be conducted with staff training and GPS digitisation.[7] As of 2015, The population of Pakistan is estimated at 191.71 million.[8][9] As of 2016, the vote bank of religious minorities in Pakistan has increased to 30 lakhs.[10]

Pakistan population density

1951 census[edit]

According to 1951 census, Dominion of Pakistan(both east and West Pakistan) had a population of 75 million population, in which West Pakistan had a population of 33.7 million and East Pakistan( modern Bangladesh) had a population of 42 million.[11][12] In 1951, Hindus constituted 12.9% of the Pakistani population (including East Pakistan), which made Dominion of Pakistan second biggest Hindu-population country after India. In the 1951 census, West Pakistan had 1.6% Hindu population, while East Pakistan had 22.05%.[13] After independence in 1947, two-thirds of the Muslims resided in Pakistan (both east and West Pakistan) but a third resided in India.[14]

1961 census[edit]

According to 1961 census, Dominion of Pakistan(both east and West Pakistan) had a population of 93 million population, in which West Pakistan had a population of 42.8 million and East Pakistan( modern Bangladesh) had a population of 50 million.[11][12][12] The literacy of Dominion of Pakistan was 19.2% in 1961, in which East Pakistan ( modern Bangladesh) has 21.5% literacy rate and West Pakistan had 16.3% literacy rate.[15] As per 1961 census, Hindus in East Pakistan( modern Bangladesh) were 18.4%[13] growth rate of population at that time was 2.4%.

1972 census[edit]

As per 1972 census, the population of Pakistan was 65.3 million.[16] 1971 census was delayed by a year on account of the war and subsequent loss of East Pakistan(modern Bangladesh).[17][18][19] After 1972 Census, Census Organization was made an attached department of Ministry of Interior.[20] In 1972, Pakistan’s population was 7 million less than that of Bangladesh’s population of 72 million at that time.[21]

1981 census[edit]

According to the fourth census of Pakistan, 1981, the population of Pakistan was 83.782 million which is expected to shoot up to 110 million by the end of 1991.

1998 census[edit]

As per 1998 census, population of Pakistan was 130,857,717.[22] With the inclusion of the population of AJK and Gilgit-Baltistan, the population was 134,714,017 in 1998.

2017 census[edit]

Sixth national population census in Pakistan was initially to be held in March 2016,[23][24][25] but the census was postponed.[26] This census will done after 19 years.[27][28] Transgender population will be counted in population census in Pakistan for first time.[29][30] According to Govt. officials sixth national population census in Pakistan will begin on March 15, 2017.[31][32]


  1. ^ "Population count: NADRA records cannot substitute for census, says Ravi Pinjani". 
  2. ^ "Plan to hold census in 2008: Cabinet okays F-16 purchase". dawn.com. 
  3. ^ "The census that may reveal too much?". 
  4. ^ "Population, housing census in Pakistan after Eid". Pakistan Times. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  5. ^ uzairakhan. "Pakistan's population up by 46.9 per cent since 1998". dawn.com. 
  6. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". The Times of India. 
  7. ^ "The Government of Pakistan, Statistics Division in collaboration with UN-Habitat and UNFPA reaffirm their support for the forthcoming Census". ReliefWeb. 
  8. ^ "Population, Labour Force and Employment PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY 2014–15" (PDF). 
  10. ^ Minorities’ vote bank reaches close to 3m
  11. ^ a b "Migration from East Pakistan(1951–1961)" (PDF). 
  12. ^ a b c http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/other/pocket_book2006/2.pdf
  13. ^ a b D'Costa, Bina (2011), Nationbuilding, Gender and War Crimes in South Asia, Routledge, pp. 100–, ISBN 978-0-415-56566-0 
  14. ^ "Muslims in Indian army". 
  15. ^ "East Wing beats West Wing in literacy rate". 
  16. ^ "2.1 Population of Pakistan" (PDF). 
  17. ^ "Why a census counts". 
  18. ^ "Population survey: PM gives green light for sixth census". 
  19. ^ "Census & labour data". 
  20. ^ "Population Census Pakistan". 
  21. ^ "PAK population prerogatives". 
  22. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". 
  23. ^ "Pakistan to conduct general census next year". 
  24. ^ "Pakistan to hold population census in March 2016, with military support". 
  25. ^ "Sixth population census to be conducted in March 2016: CCI". The Express Tribune. 18 March 2015. 
  26. ^ "Politics of PAK census". 
  27. ^ "17 years and no census in Pakistan – A country running on guesswork". 
  28. ^ http://www.news.com.au/world/breaking-news/pakistan-plans-first-census-since-1998/news-story/9710cf8b043234d7c51f401c990e8dee
  29. ^ "Pakistan counts transgender people in national census for first time". 
  30. ^ "'Pakistan's census on transgenders will go nowhere … condition of minorities in Pakistan is not good'". 
  31. ^ Pakistan's sixth population census will begin on March 15, 2017.
  32. ^ "Census to begin in March 2017, CCI agrees". DAWN.COM. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2016-12-24.