1901 in the United States
|1901 in the United States|
45 stars (1896–1908)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1865–1918)|
Events from the year 1901 in the United States.
- President: William McKinley (R-Ohio) (until September 14), Theodore Roosevelt (R-New York) (starting September 14)
- Vice President:
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller (Illinois)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: David B. Henderson (R-Iowa)
- Congress: 56th (until March 4), 57th (starting March 4)
- January 3 – Census Commissioner predicts a US population of at least 300 million by 2001
- January 5 – Typhoid fever breaks out in a Seattle jail, the first of two typhoid outbreaks in the USA during the year.
- January 10 – In the first great Texas gusher, oil is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
- January 28 – Baseball's American League declares itself a Major League.
- February 20 – The Hawaii Territory Legislature convenes for the first time.
- February 25 – U.S. Steel, the first billion-dollar corporation and at some time the world's largest producer of steel, is incorporated by industrialist J. P. Morgan.
- March 2 – The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
- March 4 – United States President William McKinley begins his 2nd term. Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as Vice President of the United States.
- April 25 – New York State becomes the first to require automobile license plates.
- May – Monte Ne health resort opens in the Ozarks.
- May 3 – The Great Fire of 1901 in Jacksonville, Florida, begins.
- May 17 – The U.S. stock market crashes for the first time.
- May 27 – The Edison Storage Battery Company is founded in New Jersey.
- June 12 – Cuba becomes a U.S. protectorate.
- June 22 to July 31 – The worst heat wave in U.S. history until the 1930s, affecting most areas east of the 100th meridian, is estimated to have killed over 9,500 people.
- July 24 – O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving 3 years for embezzlement from the First National Bank in Austin, Texas.
- August 10 – U.S. Steel recognition strike of 1901: Members of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers begin a strike against United States Steel Corporation after failing to reach a settlement of their demands, and 14,000 employees walk off of the job.
- September 2 – U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
- September 5 – The National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (later renamed Minor League Baseball) is formed in Chicago.
- September 6 – American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots U.S. President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley dies 8 days later.
- September 14 – Theodore Roosevelt succeeds William McKinley as President of the United States.
- September 26 – The body of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is exhumed and reinterred in concrete several feet thick.
- October 4 – The American yacht Columbia defeats the Irish Shamrock in the America's Cup yachting race.
- October 16 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt invites African American leader Booker T. Washington to the White House. The American South reacts angrily to the visit, and racial violence increases in the region.
- October 23 – Yale University celebrates its bicentennial.
- October 24 – Michigan schoolteacher Annie Taylor goes down Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives.
- October 29 – In Amherst, New Hampshire, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
- October 29 – Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
- November 1 – Sigma Phi Epsilon is founded in Richmond, Virginia.
- November 15 – The Alpha Sigma Alpha Fraternity is founded at Longwood University.
- November 28 – The new state constitution of Alabama requires voters to have passed literacy tests.
- December 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits."
- January 4 – Raoul Berger, Ukrainian-born attorney and law professor (died 2000)
- March 24 – Ub Iwerks, American animator, cartoonist, character designer, inventor, and special effects technician (died 1971)
- May 8 – Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (died 1979)
- July 3 – Ruth Crawford Seeger, modernist composer and folk music arranger (died 1953)
- July 22 – Pancho Barnes, pioneer aviator (died 1975)
- July 30 – John A. Carroll, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1957 to 1963 (died 1983)
- August 3 – John C. Stennis, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1947 to 1989 (died 1995)
- August 4 – Louis Armstrong, jazz trumpeter (died 1971)
- August 8 – Ernest Lawrence, nuclear physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939 (died 1958)
- August 23 – John Sherman Cooper, U.S. Senator from Kentucky 1946-1949, 1952-1955 and 1956-1973 (died 1991)
- September 28 – Ed Sullivan, entertainment writer and television host (died 1974)
- December 5 – Walt Disney, animator, producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor and business magnate (died 1966)
- December 12 – Fred Barker, criminal member of the Barker-Karpis gang, son of Ma Barker (killed 1935)
- January 6 – James W. Bradbury, United States Senator from Maine from 1847 till 1853. (born 1802)
- March 13 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States from 1889 till 1893 and United States Senator from Indiana from 1881 to 1887. (born 1833)
- September 14 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States from 1897 till 1901. (born 1843)
- October 29 – Leon Czolgosz, Assassin of President William McKinley (born 1873)
- November 26 – John Denny, buffalo soldier and Medal of Honor recipient (born 1846)
- "Domestic Chronology", Statistician and Economist, San Francisco: Louis P. McCarty, 1905, pp. 227–347 – via HathiTrust. (Covers events May 1898-June 1905)
- Media related to 1901 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons