1902 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1902:

Events[edit]

January - December[edit]

  • 17 January – Gustave Whitehead claims a circling 11 km (7 mi) flight over water in a 40 hp- 29.9-kW- engine-powered flying machine with wheels and an amphibious boat-shaped hull. He supposedly makes a water landing near his starting point, and helpers pull him from the water.
  • 4 February – First balloon flight in Antarctica when Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton ascend to 800 feet (240 m) in a tethered hydrogen balloon to take the first Antarctic aerial photographs.
  • March – Professor Erich von Drygalski's 1901-1903 German Antarctic Expedition uses a balloon to survey the Antarctic coast of Wilhelm II Land.
  • 30 April – The St Louis Aeronautical Exposition opens in Missouri. Octave Chanute launches a replica of his 1896 glider.
  • 12 May – Brazilian Augusto Severo and French engineer Georges Saché fly the semi-rigid airship Pax, which Severo designed, over Paris for its maiden flight. When they begin to lose control of the airship, it catches fire and explodes 1,200 feet (366 m) above Montparnasse Cemetery, killing both men instantly.[2]
  • 15 May – Lyman Gilmore, United States, later claims[3] to have been the first person to fly a powered aircraft (a steam-powered glider) , on this date, but there were no witnesses.
  • 13 October – Over Paris, Hungarian-born French diplomat Herlad de Bradsky and electrical engineer Paul Morin fly an airship of their own design on its first test flight. At an altitude of about 600 feet (183 m), the gondola separates from rest of the airship and the two men fall to their deaths.[4]
  • October 1902. – The Wright brothers complete development of the three-axis control system with the incorporation of a movable rudder connected to the wing warping control on their 1902 Glider. They subsequently make several fully controlled heavier than air gliding flights, including one of 622.5 ft (189.7 m) in 26 seconds. The 1902 glider is the basis for their patented control system, still used on modern fixed-wing aircraft.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Breemer, Jan S. Defeating the U-Boat: Inventing Antisubmarine Warfare, Newport, Rhode Island: Naval War College Press, 2010, ISBN 978-1-884733-77-2, p. 70.
  2. ^ Phythyon, John R., Jr., Great War at Sea: Zeppelins, Virginia Beach, Virginia: Avalanche Press, Inc., 2007, p. 41.
  3. ^ Elam, F. Leland (1936). "Lyman Gilmore, Jr. – Pioneer". Popular Aviation 18 (April): 247–248. 
  4. ^ Phythyon, John R., Jr., Great War at Sea: Zeppelins, Virginia Beach, Virginia: Avalanche Press, Inc., 2007, p. 41.