1904 Summer Olympics medal table

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The silver medal awarded for the 800m run during the 1904 Summer Olympics

The 1904 Summer Olympics were held in St. Louis, Missouri, United States from July 1 to November 23, 1904, as part of the St. Louis World's Fair. A total of 651 athletes from 12 nations participated in 94 events in 16 sports at these games. However, only 42 events included athletes from countries other than the United States.[1] This list includes medals awarded in each of those events, excluding those awarded in the sport of water polo, which is mentioned in the games reports for the 1904 Summer Olympics but which currently is not included in the International Olympic Committee's medal database. The United States won all three medals in that competition, with a New York team taking first place, a Chicago team taking second, and a team from Missouri taking third.[2]

Nine of the twelve participating nations earned medals, in addition to two medals won by mixed teams. In the early Olympic Games, several team events were contested by athletes from multiple nations.[3] Retroactively, the IOC created the designation "mixed team" (with the country code ZZX) to refer to these groups of athletes. During the 1904 games, athletes participating in mixed teams won medals in athletics and fencing. Some athletes won medals both individually and as part of a mixed team, so these medals are tabulated under different nations in the official counts.[4]

The United States won the most gold (78), silver (82), and bronze (79) medals.[4] Gold medals were awarded to event winners for the first time at the 1904 games. Prior to that, a silver medal was awarded to first-place finishers and a bronze medal to second-place finishers.[5][6]

Medal table[edit]

Thomas Hicks won a gold medal for the United States in the marathon at the 1904 Summer Olympics, despite becoming ill from shots of strychnine given to him by his trainers to keep him going in the race.
Charles Daniels won three gold, one silver, and one bronze medal in swimming for the United States during the 1904 games.

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1904 Summer Olympics, based on the medal count of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).[a] These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC.[4]

  Host nation (United States)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 78 82 79 239
2  Germany (GER) 4 4 5 13
3  Cuba (CUB) 4 2 3 9
4  Canada (CAN) 4 1 1 6
5  Hungary (HUN) 2 1 1 4
6  Great Britain (GBR) 1 1 0 2
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 1 0 2
8  Greece (GRE) 1 0 1 2
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 0 1 2
10  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
Total (10 NOCs) 96 92 92 280


a There are sources, besides the International Olympic Committee (IOC), that display variations in the medal totals
  1. ^ "St. Louis 1904–Games of the III Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  2. ^ Sullivan, James E. (1905). Spalding's Official Athletic Almanac for 1905 (PDF). New York: American Sports Publishing Company. p. 221. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  3. ^ "1896 - Summer Olympics I (Athens, Greece)". TSN. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  4. ^ a b c "St. Louis 1904 - Medal Table". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  5. ^ Mallon, Bill (1998). The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 0-7864-0378-0. 
  6. ^ Lucas, Charles J. P. (1904). The Olympic Games 1904 (PDF). St. Louis: Woodward and Tiernan Printing Company. Retrieved 15 August 2008.