1904 in Germany
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Other events of 1904|
List of years in Germany
Events in the year 1904 in Germany.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Architecture
- 4 Arts
- 5 Commerce
- 6 Diplomacy
- 7 Science
- 8 Sport
- 9 Transport
- 10 Publications
- 11 Births
- 12 Deaths
- 13 References
- King of Bavaria - Otto of Bavaria
- King of Prussia - Kaiser Wilhelm II
- King of Saxony - George of Saxony to 15 October then Frederick Augustus III of Saxony
- King of Württemberg - William II of Württemberg
- Grand Duke of Baden - Frederick I
- Grand Duke of Hesse - Ernest Louis
- Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin - Frederick Francis IV
- Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - Frederick William to 30 May, then Adolphus Frederick V
- Grand Duke of Oldenburg - Frederick Augustus II
- Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach - William Ernest
- Schaumburg-Lippe - George, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
- Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt - Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
- Schwarzburg-Sondershausen - Karl Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
- Principality of Lippe - Alexander, Prince of Lippe (with Ernest II, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld to 26 September, and then Leopold, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, as regents)
- Reuss Elder Line - Heinrich XXIV, Prince Reuss of Greiz (with Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss Younger Line as regent)
- Reuss Younger Line - Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss Younger Line
- Waldeck and Pyrmont - Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
- Duke of Anhalt - Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt to 24 January, then Frederick II, Duke of Anhalt
- Duke of Brunswick - Prince Albert of Prussia (regent)
- Duke of Saxe-Altenburg - Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
- Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha - Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
- Duke of Saxe-Meiningen - Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
- Cameroon (Kamerun) - Jesko von Puttkamer (8th term) to 9 May, then Otto Gleim (acting governor) (1st term)
- Kiaochow (Kiautschou) - Oskar von Truppel
- German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) - Gustav Adolf von Götzen
- German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) - Albert Hahl (2nd term)
- German Samoa (Deutsch-Samoa) - Wilhelm Solf
- German South-West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) - Theodor Leutwein
- Togoland - Waldemar Horn
- 12 January - The Herero of Deutsch-Südwestafrika, under the leadership of Samuel Maharero, rise against German colonial rule. The rising marks the beginning of what has become known as the Herero and Namaqua Genocide.
- 3 March - Kaiser Wilhelm II becomes the first person to make a political recording of a document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
- 11 August - The German Imperial Army, under Lothar von Trotha, defeat the Herero tribesmen at the Battle of Waterberg.
- The Prussian House of Lords is rebuilt.
- The Kaiserbrücke in Mainz is completed.
- Publisher Pier Verlag established in Munich.
- January - Süddeutsche Monatshefte begins publication.
- Max Beckmann, Hans Purrmann, and Alexej von Jawlensky are added to the Berlin Secession group of artists.
- Leopold Graf von Kalckreuth paints a series of three portraits depicting socialite Marianne Lichtwark.
- Bode Museum, originally called the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum in Berlin opened.
- September - Stationery manufacturer Herlitz established in Berlin.
- Accumulatoren-Fabrik AFA establishes its battery making subsidiary VARTA in Hagen.
- 8 April - The Convention of Istanbul, signed by a number of powers including Germany in 1888, came into force.
- Foundation of the German Journal for Evidence and Quality in Healthcare ZEFQ.
- 16 April - FC Einigkeit Braunschweig established.
- 4 May - FC Schalke 04 established.
- 21 May - The International Federation of Association Football, FIFA, is established with Germany as a founder member.
- 13 June - Westfalia Herne established.
- 1 July - Bayer 04 Leverkusen established.
- 1 July - Alemannia Schwäbisch Gmünd established.
- 4 July - Borussia Fulda established.
- 25 July - Reinickendorfer FC West established.
- 4 August - FC Singen 04 established
- Date unknown - Germania Breslau, SC Freiburg, Sport Club Reuß, Fußball-Club Prussia Königsberg, Oberhausener SV and 1. Würzburger FV 04 amongst the other clubs established.
- 1 July to 24 November - 1904 Summer Olympics take place in St. Louis, Missouri. Germany finishes second in the overall medal table with four gold medals, four silver and five bronze. The four gold medals all come in the swimming events, with two for Emil Rausch and one each for Walter Brack and Georg Zacharias.
- Date unknown - The inaugural Berlin City Chess Championship is won by Horatio Caro.
- The Berlin Mexikoplatz station is opened under the name Zehlendorf-Beerenstraße.
- SMS Deutschland (battleship)
- SMS Lothringen (battleship)
- SS Scharnhorst (passenger liner)
- SMS Yorck (armoured cruiser)
- 2 January - Walter Heitler, physicist (died 1981)
- 8 January - Karl Brandt, Nazi physician (died 1948)
- 9 January - Wilhelm Groth, physical chemist (died 1977)
- 18 February - Otto Rahn, medievalist and SS officer (died 1939)
- 22 February - Ernst Jakob Henne, racing driver (died 2005)
- 28 February - Alfred Bohrmann, astronomer (died 2000)
- 5 March - Karl Rahner, theologian (died 1984)
- 7 March - Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the RSHA (died 1942)
- 8 March - Viktor de Kowa, actor and singer (died 1973)
- 1o March - Adalbert Schneider, Navy officer (died 1941)
- 11 March - Albrecht von Hagen, Resistance fighter (died 1944)
- 12 March - Adolf Arndt, politician (died 1974)
- 12 Narch - Bodo Uhse, German writer (died 1963)
- 21 March - Karl Leonhard, psychiatrist (died 1988)
- 24 March - Hans Ertel, natural scientist (died 1971)
- 26 March - Hermann Schroeder, composer (died 1984)
- 6 April - Kurt Georg Kiesinger, Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (died 1988)
- 12 April - Paul Dahlke, actor (died 1984)
- 15 April - Valentin Krempl, bobsledder (died 1944)
- 17 April - Franz Reuß, Luftwaffe general (died 1992)
- 17 April - Bernhard Eichhorn, film composer (died 1980)
- 27 April - Fritz Weitzel, SS officer (died 1940)
- 28 April - Elisabeth Schumacher, Resistance fighter (died 1942)
- 4 May - Josef Pieper, philosopher (died 1997)
- 7 May - Kurt Weitzmann, art historian (died 1993)
- 8 May - Franz Schreiber, SS officer
- 9 May - Reinhard Schwarz-Schilling, composer (died 1985)
- 23 May - Johannes Flintrop, critic of Nazism (died 1943)
- 29 May - Herbert Selpin, film diector (died 1942)
- 6 June - Heinrich von Brentano, politician (died 1964)
- 14 June - Marion Yorck von Wartenburg, jurist and Resistance fighter (died 2007)
- 5 July - Ernst Mayr, German biologist (died 2005)
- 5 July - Georg Hansen, German colonel (died 1944)
- 9 July - Ernst Küppers, swimmer (died 1976)
- 14 July - Hans von Herwarth, diplomat (died 1999)
- 15 July - Rudolf Arnheim, film theorist (died 2007)
- 20 July - Wolfgang Stresemann, jurist, orchestra leader, conductor and composer (died 1998)
- 2 August - Werner Seelenbinder, wrestler and communist (died 1944)
- 9 August - Hasso von Boehmer, Army officer (died 1945)
- 10 August - Karl Helling, chess master (died 1937)
- 16 August - Klaus von Pape, Nazi 'martyr'
- 24 August - Ludwig Schmidseder, composer and pianist (died 1971)
- 29 August - Werner Forssmann, physician and Nobel Prize in Medicine laureate (died 1979)
- 30 August - Friedrich von Mellenthin, Army general (died 1997)
- 1 September - Karl Ernst, Sturmabteilung leader (died 1934)
- 8 September - Karl Hessenberg, mathematician (died 1959)
- 14 September - Walter Meyer, rower (died 1949)
- 17 September - Jürgen Kuczynski, economist (died 1997)
- 1 October - Hermann Ehlers, politician (died 1954)
- 3 October - Ernst-Günther Schenck, SS officer (died 1998)
- 21 October - Basilea Schlink, founder and leader of the Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary (died 2001)
- 23 October - Maximilien de Furstenberg, Roman Catholic cardinal (died 1988)
- 12 November - Edmund Veesenmayer, Nazi politician (died 1977)
- 13 November - Günter Reimann, communist activist (died 2005)
- 13 November - Peter Yorck von Wartenburg, jurist and Resistance fighter
- 26 November - Bernhard Krüger, SS officer (died 1989)
- 4 December - Albert Norden, politician (died 1982)
- 11 December - Felix Nussbaum, surrealist painter (died 1944)
- 17 December - Josef-Franz Eckinger, Army officer
- 25 December - Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian chemist and physicist (died 1999)
- 30 December - Edith Schultze-Westrum, actress (died 1981)
- Date unknown - Heinz Kloss, linguist (died 1987)
- Date unknown - Wolfgang Stresemann, orchestra leader (died 1998)
- 4 January - Friedrich Jolly, neurologist (born 1844)
- 5 January - Karl Alfred von Zittel, palaeontologist (born 1839)
- 6 January - Friedrich von Hefner-Alteneck, electrical engineer (born 1845)
- 10 January - Christian August Friedrich Garcke, botanist (born 1819)
- 14 January - Otto von Oehlschläger, German jurist and politician (born 1831)
- 20 January - Albert von Maybach, railway manager (born 1822)
- 24 January - Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt, nobleman (born 1831)
- 24 February - Ernst von Prittwitz und Gaffron, Prussian general (born 1833)
- 5 March - Alfred von Waldersee, Field Marshal (born 1832)
- 22 March - Karl Moritz Schumann, botanist (born 1851)
- 1 April - Otto von Böhtlingk, Indologist (born 1815)
- 6 May - Franz von Lenbach, painter (born 1836)
- 21 May - Duke Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg, nobleman (born 1882)
- 24 May - Duchess Maria Isabella of Württemberg, noblewoman (born 1871)
- 30 May - Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, nobleman (born 1819)
- 5 July - Franz Martin Hilgendorf, zoologist (born 1839)
- 4 August - Christoph von Sigwart, philosopher (born 1830)
- 5 August - Karl Weigert, pathologist (born 1845)
- 9 August - Friedrich Ratzel, geographer (born 1844)
- 26 August - Franz Riegel, internist (born 1843)
- 3 September - Heinrich Koebner, dermatologist (born 1838)
- 18 September - Herbert von Bismarck, politician (born 1849)
- 26 September - Ernest II, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, nobleman, regent of the Principality of Lippe (born 1842)
- 8 October - Clemens Winkler, chemist who discovered germanium (born 1838)
- 15 October - George, King of Saxony (born 1832)
- 29 October - Emil Schlagintweit, scholar of Tibetan Buddhism (born 1835)
- 10 November - Alphons Stübel, geologist and vulcanologist (born 1835)
- 19 November - Hans von Hopfen, writer (born 1835)
- 2 December - Prince Frederick of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, nobleman (born 1843)
- 20 December - Alexandrine of Baden (1820–1904), noblewoman (born 1820)
- 25 December - Guido Bodländer, chemist (born 1855)
- Date unknown - Gustav Kessler, trade unionist (born 1832)
- Date unknown - Eduard von Martens, zoologist (born 1831)
- Date unknown - Carl August Wilhelm Schwacke, botanist (born 1848)
- Lovis Corinth
- Carolyn Helen Kay, Art and the German Bourgeoisie: Alfred Lichtwark and Modern Painting in Hamburg, 1886–1914, Buffalo NY, 2002, p. 103
- Allain, Jean (2004). International Law in the Middle East: Closer to Power Than Justice. London: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. ISBN 978-0-7546-2436-3, p. 53