1904 in Wales
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- Prince of Wales - George (later George V)
- Princess of Wales - Mary
- Archdruid of the National Eisteddfod of Wales - Hwfa Môn
- January - Opening of Llanelli North Dock.
- 5 January - Opening of Tanat Valley Light Railway between Lynclys and Llangynog.
- February - Beginning of the 1904-1905 Welsh Revival.
- 4 May - Frederick Henry Royce meets Charles Stewart Rolls to discuss the Rolls-Royce agreement.
- 11 June - Henry Paget, 5th Marquess of Anglesey, is declared bankrupt; from 29 July sales of his assets at Plas Newydd (Anglesey) begin.
- 21 July - Edward VII and Queen Alexandra open the Elan Valley Reservoirs.
- 3 August - The first Royal Welsh Show is held in Aberystwyth.
- 28–29 September - A conference at Blaenannerch reinforces the strength of the religious revival.
- October - Evan Roberts begins preaching.
- 31 October - Rhondda Tramways Company begins operation.
- 3 October - Five people are killed in a railway accident near Loughor.
- November - Joseph Jenkins, instigator of the religious revival, is guest preacher at meetings in Bethany, Ammanford, and "converts" incumbent minister Nantlais Williams.
- 30 November - Philip Burton, theatre director and radio producer
- Second Meeting of the Celtic Association is held at Caernarfon.
- Orthopaedic surgeon Robert Jones becomes Honorary Surgeon to the Baschurch Home in Shropshire, which he will develop into the world's first specialized orthopaedic hospital.
- Millicent McKenzie is appointed a professor at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire in Cardiff, the first woman appointed to a chair at a British university-level institution.
- Thomas Marchant Williams is knighted in recognition of his role in founding the National Eisteddfod Society.
- In local authority elections, the Liberal Party win control of all county councils in Wales.
Arts and literature
- National Eisteddfod of Wales - held in Rhyl
- J. Romilly Allen - Celtic Art in Pagan and Christian Times
- Joseph Bradney - A History of Monmouthshire: From the coming of the Normans into Wales down to the present time, vol. 1
- Owen Dafydd (died c. 1814) - Cynhyrchion Barddonol yr Hen Felinydd Owen Dafydd Cwmaman
- Eluned Morgan - Dringo'r Andes
- Silyn Roberts - Trystan ac Esyllt a Chaniadau Eraill
- Sir Henry Walford Davies - Everyman (oratorio)
- Rugby league - In the first international league match, played between England and Other nationalities, ex-Wales rugby international Jack Rhapps becomes the World's first dual-code rugby international.
- Rugby union - Percy Bush scores 104 points for the British team on their tour of Australia and New Zealand.
- March - Daniel Granville West, Baron Granville-West, politician (died 1984)
- 6 March - Hugh Williams, actor and dramatist (died 1969)
- 12 April - David Jenkins, Wales national rugby footballer (died 1951)
- 18 May - Eynon Evans, actor and screenwriter
- 7 June - Tom Lewis, Wales international rugby player (died 1994)
- 8 June - Angus McBean, photographer (died 1990)
- 26 June - Prof Seaborne Davies, law teacher and three times President of the National Eisteddfod (died 1984)
- 27 June - Emrys Davies, cricketer (died 1975)
- 29 June - Lynn Ungoed-Thomas, politician (died 1972)
- 28 July - Ned Jenkins, Wales international rugby player (died 1990)
- 31 July - Harold Davies, Baron Davies of Leek, politician (died 1985)
- 4 August – Sir Thomas Parry, academic (died 1985)
- 8 August - Dai Parker, Wales and British Lion rugby player (died 1965)
- 22 August - Tommy Rees, Wales dual-code rugby player (died 1968)
- 12 September – Euros Bowen, poet (died 1988)
- 12 September – Donald Holroyde Hey, chemist (died 1987)
- 24 September - George Andrews, Wales dual-code rugby player (died 1989)
- 27 September - John Gwilym Jones, dramatist (died 1988)
- 30 September - Waldo Williams, poet (died 1971)
- 10 October (in Somerset) – Leslie Morris, politician in Canada (died 1964)
- 15 October - Sir Julian Hodge, banker (died 2004)
- 3 November - Caradog Prichard, poet and novelist (died 1980)
- date unknown
- Richard Vaughan, novelist (died 1983)
- 21 April - William Williams, businessman and politician, 64
- 10 May - Sir Henry Morton Stanley, journalist and explorer, 63
- 26 June - William Ormsby-Gore, 2nd Baron Harlech, 85
- 12 July – Samuel M. Jones, mayor of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 57
- 17 July - Isaac Roberts, astronomer, 75
- 25 July - James Valentine, English rugby international, 37 (struck by lightning while on holiday in Barmouth)
- September - Benjamin Davies, Welsh-descended Canadian politician, 91
- 21 November - Jimmy Michael, cyclist, 27 (alcohol-related)
- 24 November – Lewis Jones, one of the founders of the Welsh settlement in Patagonia, 68
- 24 November – Evan Lewis, Dean of Bangor, 86
- 29 December - Edward Treharne, Wales international rugby player, 42 (heart attack)
- date unknown
- James Lewis Thomas, architect