1905 Bolnai earthquake

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1905 Bolnai earthquake
1905 Bolnai earthquake is located in Mongolia
1905 Bolnai earthquake
UTC time1905-07-23 02:46:12
ISC event16957865
Local dateJuly 23, 1905 (1905-07-23)[1]
Local time10:46
Magnitude8.4 Mw [2]
Depth15.0 km
Epicenter49°22′N 96°37′E / 49.37°N 96.61°E / 49.37; 96.61Coordinates: 49°22′N 96°37′E / 49.37°N 96.61°E / 49.37; 96.61 [1]
Areas affectedMongolia

The 1905 Bolnai earthquake occurred in or near the Asgat Sum of Zavkhan Province in Mongolia on 23 July. The earthquake has been estimated at 8.25[3] to 8.4[2] on the moment magnitude scale.


The Bolnai earthquake is believed to be a strike-slip rupture of a branch of the Bolnai Fault, extending about 300[3] to 375[4] km along the fault, and possibly an additional 80 km of the Teregtiin Fault. The fault displacement during the earthquake was greater than 6 m,[5] and possibly as much as 11 m,[2] and the duration is estimated at about two minutes.[4]

The Bolnai earthquake was preceded by the Tsetserleg earthquake two weeks earlier and is considered a part of the same general crustal movement.[2]


There are few records of the immediate effects of the earthquake due to the remoteness of Mongolia in 1905. However, rockslides were reported in the nearby mountains, and supposedly "two lakes, each of eight acres in size, disappeared".[6]

Popular Culture[edit]

Lasting damage of the earthquake can be seen in the Mongolia special of the Amazon Prime motoring show The Grand Tour.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "M 8.3 - western Mongolia". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  2. ^ a b c d Pollitz, Fred; Vergnolle, Mathilde; Calais, Eric (25 October 2003). "Fault interaction and stress triggering of twentieth century earthquakes in Mongolia" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research. 108 (B10): 2503. Bibcode:2003JGRB..108.2503P. doi:10.1029/2002JB002375. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b Okal, Emile A. (March 1977). "The July 9 and 23, 1905, Mongolian earthquakes: A surface wave investigation". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 34 (2): 326–331. Bibcode:1977E&PSL..34..326O. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(77)90018-8.
  4. ^ a b Schlupp, Antoine; Cisternas, Armando (June 2007). "Source history of the 1905 great Mongolian earthquakes (Tsetserleg, Bolnay)". Geophysical Journal International. 169 (3): 1115–1131. Bibcode:2007GeoJI.169.1115S. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03323.x.
  5. ^ Ilyin, A.V. (September 1978). "Comment on "The July 9 and 23, 1905, Mongolian earthquakes, a surface-wave investigation" by Emile Okal". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 41 (1): 107–109. Bibcode:1978E&PSL..41..107I. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(78)90047-X.
  6. ^ Gunn, Angus McLeod (2008). Encyclopedia of Disasters: Environmental Catastrophes and Human Tragedies. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 215–216. ISBN 978-0-313-34002-4.
  7. ^ Bean, Alex. "The Grand Tour - Season Three Episode 13 [Mongolia Special] - Review". Auto Sports Nation. Retrieved 18 June 2019.

External links[edit]