1905 Calabria earthquake

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1905 Calabria earthquake
1905 Calabria earthquake is located in Calabria
1905 Calabria earthquake
UTC time1905-09-08 01:43:02
ISC event16957871
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateSeptember 8, 1905 (1905-09-08)
Local time02:43
Magnitude7.9 Mw [1]
Depth15 km (9 mi) [1]
Epicenter38°38′N 15°47′E / 38.64°N 15.78°E / 38.64; 15.78Coordinates: 38°38′N 15°47′E / 38.64°N 15.78°E / 38.64; 15.78 [1]
Max. intensityXI (Extreme) [2]
Tsunami1.3 m (4 ft 3 in) [3]
Casualties557 to 2,500 dead [3]

Striking southern Italy on September 8, the 1905 Calabria earthquake had a moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). The first major earthquake of the 20th century, it severely damaged parts of Lipari, Messina Province and a large area between Cosenza and Nicotera and killed between 557 and 2,500 people.

Damage[edit]

The earthquake affected the Calabria region, destroying as many as 25 villages,[5] and 14,000 homes.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ISC (2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Cucci, L. (2008). "Characterization of the seismogenic source of the great 1905 Calabria (southern Italy) earthquake from environmental effects". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ a b USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
  4. ^ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) (1972), Significant Earthquake Database (Data Set), National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
  5. ^ "Italy's earthquake history". BBC News. October 31, 2002. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
  6. ^ "Today in Earthquake History: September 8". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2009.

External links[edit]