1906 in Italy
|Years in Italy:||1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s|
|Years:||1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909|
Events from the year 1906 in Italy.
Kingdom of Italy
- Monarch – Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946)
- Prime Minister –
- Population – 33,718,000
The Italian film industry takes shape, led by three major organizations: Cines, founded in 1906 in Rome; and the Turin-based companies Ambrosio Film, founded by pioneering filmmaker Arturo Ambrosio in 1906, and Itala Film. Other companies soon followed in Milan and Naples, and these early companies quickly attained a respectable production quality and were able to market their products both within Italy and abroad.
Giosuè Carducci is the first Italian to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1906 "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces".
- January 9 – Mount Vesuvius near Naples initiates activity; indications are that the volcano is becoming increasingly active.
- February 2 – Prime Minister Alessandro Fortis resigns.
- February 3 – Mount Vesuvius erupts again. The next weeks the activity of the volcano increases.
- February 8 – Sidney Sonnino forms a new Cabinet, representing the Historical Right. Giolitti does not openly oppose Sonnino, but his followers of the Historical Left do.
- April 5 – Mount Vesuvius in Campania erupts, killing over 100 people and ejecting the most lava ever recorded from a Vesuvian eruption. Italian authorities were preparing to hold the 1908 Summer Olympics when Mount Vesuvius erupted, devastating the province of Naples. Funds were diverted to the reconstruction of Naples, requiring a new location for the Olympics to be found.
- April 10 – The lava flow from Mount Vesuvius, which had almost ceased, starts again in the direction of Torre Annunziata; reached the cemetery of that town and then turned in the direction of Pompeii.
- April 28 – The Milan International world's fair opens in Milan. It would received 4,012,776 visits and covered 100 hectares (250 acres).
- May 6 – The first Targa Florio, an open road endurance automobile race, starts in the mountains of Sicily near Palermo. The race was initiated by Vincenzo Florio and is considered to be the oldest sports car racing event.
- May 18 – Prime Minister Sidney Sonnino is forced to resign. He proposed major changes to transform Southern Italy, which provoked opposition from the ruling groups.
- May 19 – The Simplon railway tunnel, connecting Brig, Switzerland and Domodossola, Italy, through the Alps, is inaugurated.
- May 29 – Giovanni Giolitti forms a new Cabinet.
- October 1 – Foundation of the Socialist labour union, the Confederazione Generale del Lavoro (General Confederation of Labour) in Milan.
- May 8 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (d. 1977)
- June 2 – Carlo Scarpa, Italian architect (d. 1978)
- June 12 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
- June 13 – Bruno de Finetti, Italian probabilist, statistician and actuary (d. 1985)
- August 5 – Ettore Majorana, Italian theoretical physicist who worked on neutrino masses (disappeared 1938)
- October 16 – Dino Buzzati, Italian author and journalist (d. 1972)
- November 2 – Luchino Visconti, Italian theatre and cinema director and writer (d. 1976)
- September 1 – Giuseppe Giacosa, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1847)
- October 9 – Adelaide Ristori, Italian actress (b. 1822)
- Vesuvius and Etna Active; Funicular Railroad Damaged by Three Streams of Lava, The New York Times, January 10, 1906
- Vesuvius In Eruption; Spouting Fire from a Fissure 400 Meters In Length, The New York Times, February 4, 1906
- Menaced By Vesuvius; Eruption Now Alarming - Lava Is Causing Destruction, The New York Times, February 14, 1906
- Vesuvius More Active; Wall Built to Protect the Railway Station Is Threatened, The New York Times, February 18, 1906
- New Italian Cabinet; Baron Sonnino Premier and Count Guicciardini Foreign Minister, The New York Times, February 9, 1906
- Vesuvius Causes Terror; Loud Detonations and Frequent Earthquakes, The New York Times, April 6, 1906
- Vesuvius Threatens Destruction Of Towns; Bosco Trecase Abandoned, The New York Times, April 7, 1906
- Pompeii in Peril; Ottajano A Ruin; Fury of Vesuvius Increases, The New York Times, April 11, 1906
- Pelle, Findling. "Milan 1906". Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-7864-3416-9.
- Pelle, Findling. "Appendix B:Fair Statistics". Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. p. 415. ISBN 978-0-7864-3416-9.
- Italian Cabinet Resigns; Thursday's Vote Showed Unexpected Strength In the Opposition, The New York Times, May 19, 1906
- New Italian Ministry; Giolitti Once More Premier, with a Cabinet of Conservatives, The New York Times, May 29, 1906