1907 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1907.
- Early – The seven-year-old future novelist Elizabeth Bowen moves with her mother from Ireland to the south of England.
- January 3 – National Theatre opens in Sofia, Bulgaria.
- January 26 – Large numbers of the audience boo the opening performance of J. M. Synge's The Playboy of the Western World at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. Disturbances continue for a week.
- February 4 – In a public debate at the Abbey Theatre, the poet W. B. Yeats denies trying to suppress audience distaste during a performance of The Playboy of the Western World.
- February 22 – Leonid Andreyev's symbolist drama The Life of Man («Жизнь человека», Zhizn cheloveka) is premièred at the Komissarzhevskaya Theatre in Saint Petersburg, directed by Vsevolod Meyerkhold. On December 12 it is performed for the first time at the Moscow Art Theatre, directed by Konstantin Stanislavski and Leopold Sulerzhitsky.
- March – The Diamond Sūtra, a woodblock printed Buddhist scripture dated 868, is discovered by Aurel Stein at the Mogao Caves, near Dunhuang in China; it is "the earliest complete survival of a dated printed book".
- March – April
- In the aftermath of the Romanian peasants' revolt, there is a government clampdown on the radically minded authors Constantin Banu and Nicolae Iorga, who have their homes raided by police. N. D. Cocea is prosecuted for sedition, and Barbu Lăzăreanu is expelled from the country. From Berlin, Ion Luca Caragiale watches the events with a "hopelessness stifled by disgust", as reported by his son Luca. His exposé demanding social justice in the Romanian Kingdom is translated into German by Mite Kremnitz and carried by Die Zeit of Vienna. The "pillars of fire" witnessed by Banu inspire him to name his 1911 magazine Flacăra – literally "The Flame".
- Virginia Woolf and others of the Stephen family move within London's Bloomsbury to 29 Fitzroy Square (a former home of George Bernard Shaw).
- April 17 – August Strindberg's A Dream Play (Ett drömspel, 1901) receives its first performance, at the Swedish Theatre (Stockholm) with his ex-wife Harriet Bosse in the leading rôle.
- April 23 – Jack and Charmian London sail out of San Francisco Bay on a yacht to begin the voyage described in The Cruise of the Snark (1911).
- May to September – Kenneth Grahame writes the letters to his son that become the basis for The Wind in the Willows (1908).
- May – British publishers Thomas Nelson and William Collins, Sons (as "Books for the million") launch cheap hardback in-copyright imprints.
- May 15 – American humorist Gelett Burgess coins the term "blurb" for promotional text on a book-jacket.
- June 26 – Mark Twain receives an honorary doctorate of laws degree from the University of Oxford in England.
- September 7 – Gaston Leroux's pioneering locked room mystery The Mystery of the Yellow Room (Le Mystère de la chambre jaune) begins serialization in L'Illustration (Paris).
- November – While tutoring a Trieste businessman in English, James Joyce reveals that he is a writer; his pupil, known to Joyce only as Ettore Schmitz, proves to be the published novelist Italo Svevo. A literary friendship ensues.
- A deluxe edition of Margarete Böhme's Tagebuch einer Verlorenen published in Berlin marks 100,000 copies in print.
- Éditions Grasset is established in Paris.
- Thomas Mofolo's Moeti oa bochabela ("The Traveler of the East"), the first work of literature in the Sotho language, is published.
- Hélène van Zuylen leaves her partner Renée Vivien for another woman. Vivien's volume of love poetry Flambeaux éteints (Extinguished Torches) is published this year.
- Sholom Aleichem – From Home to America (פֿון דער היים קיין אַמעריקע, Fun der heym keyn amerike), first part of Motl, Peysi the Cantor's Son: The Writings of an Orphan Boy (מאָטל פּייסי דעם חזנס; כתבֿים פֿון אַ ייִנגל אַ יתום, Motl peysi dem khazns: ksovim fun a yingl a yosem)
- Guillaume Apollinaire (as 'G.A.') – Les Onze Mille Verges
- Arnold Bennett -The City of Pleasure
- André Billy – Benoni
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon – Dead Love Has Chains
- Joseph Conrad – The Secret Agent
- Jeffery Farnol – My Lady Caprice
- E. M. Forster – The Longest Journey
- Elinor Glyn – Three Weeks
- Roy Horniman – Israel Rank: The Autobiography of a Criminal
- William Dean Howells – Through the Eye of the Needle
- Gaston Leroux – The Mystery of the Yellow Room
- Liu E (劉鶚) – The Travels of Lao Can (老殘遊記, Lao Ts'an yu-chi)
- Arthur Machen – The Hill of Dreams
- Octave Mirbeau – La 628-E8
- Baroness Orczy
- Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski – W ludskoi pyli (In Human Dust)
- Emilio Salgari – Sandokan to the Rescue
- Upton Sinclair – The Overman
- Edith Wharton – Madame de Treymes
- Owen Wister – The Seven Ages of Washington
- P. G. Wodehouse – Not George Washington
- Harold Bell Wright – The Shepherd of the Hills
Children and young people
- Among Gnomes and Trolls (Bland tomtar och troll – first annual anthology)
- L. Frank Baum
- E. Nesbit – The Enchanted Castle
- Beatrix Potter – The Tale of Tom Kitten
- Leonid Andreyev – The Life of Man
- Jacinto Benavente – Los intereses creados (The Bonds of Interest)
- Hall Caine – The Christian (new version)
- Georges Feydeau – A Flea in Her Ear (La Puce à l'oreille)
- Agha Hashar Kashmiri – Safed Khoon (adaptation of King Lear)
- Thomas Mann – Fiorenza
- John Masefield – The Campden Wonder
- W. Somerset Maugham – Lady Frederick
- George Ranetti – Romeo și Julietta la Mizil
- John Millington Synge – The Playboy of the Western World
- Teffi – The Woman Question (published)
- Edmund Gosse – Father and Son
- John Millington Synge – The Aran Islands
- George Witton – Scapegoats of the Empire
- February 1 – Günter Eich, German lyricist (died 1972)
- February 3 (probable date) – James A. Michener, American novelist (died 1997)
- February 18 – Traian Herseni, Romanian social scientist and journalist (died 1980)
- February 21 – W. H. Auden, English poet (died 1973)
- March 9 (February 24 O.S.) – Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian, philosopher and novelist (died 1986)
- April 30 – Jacob Hiegentlich, gay Dutch Jewish writer (suicide 1940)
- May 12 – Leslie Charteris, Singapore-born Chinese-British genre novelist (died 1993)
- May 13 – Daphne du Maurier, English writer (died 1989)
- May 27 – Rachel Carson, American environmentalist and author (died 1964)
- June 14 – René Char, French poet (died 1988)
- July 7 – Robert A. Heinlein, American author (died 1988)
- July 29 – Aileen Fox (née Henderson), English archaeologist (died 2005)
- August 12 – Miguel Torga, Portuguese author (died 1995)
- August 17 – Roger Peyrefitte, French author (died 2000)
- August 28 – Rupert Hart-Davis, English editor and publisher (died 1999)
- September 23 – Pauline Réage, French erotic novelist (died 1998)
- October 15 – Varian Fry, American journalist (died 1967)
- October 18 – Mihail Sebastian, Romanian Jewish playwright, essayist and novelist (died 1945)
- November 14 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author of children's books (died 2002)
- November 27 – L. Sprague de Camp, American science fiction and fantasy author (died 2000)
- November 28 – Alberto Moravia, Italian novelist (died 1990)
- November 30 – Jacques Barzun, French-born American historian (died 2012)
- December 10 – Rumer Godden, English novelist (died 1998)
- December 18 – Christopher Fry, English dramatist (died 2005)
- December 19 – William Glynne-Jones, Welsh novelist and children's writer (died 1977)
- Unknown date – E. J. Scovell, English poet (died 1999)
- January 20 – Agnes Mary Clerke, English author on astronomy (born 1842)
- March 9 – Frederic George Stephens, English critic and member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (born 1828)
- March 19 – Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (born 1836)
- April 23 – André Theuriet, French poet and novelist (born 1833)
- May 12 – Joris-Karl Huysmans, French author (born 1848)
- July 17 – Hector Malot, French author (born 1830)
- July 19 – William Gunion Rutherford, Scottish classicist (born 1853)
- August 10 – Marko Vovchok, Ukrainian novelist and short story writer (born 1833)
- August 25 – Mary Elizabeth Coleridge, English novelist and poet (appendicitis complications, born 1861)
- September 6 – Sully Prudhomme, French poet and essayist; 1st Nobel Prize winner (born 1839)
- September 7 – Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Romanian philologist and polygraph (born 1836)
- September 8 – Iosif Vulcan, Romanian poet, playwright and novelist (born 1841)
- October 6 – David Masson, Scottish critic and biographer (born 1822)
- October 29 – Mkrtich Khrimian, Armenian Catholicos, essayist and poet (died 1820)
- November 1 – Alfred Jarry, French dramatist (tuberculosis, born 1873)
- November 28 – Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet and painter (born 1869)
- Unknown date – Mary de Morgan, English children's writer and suffragist (born 1850)
- Ellis, Samantha (16 April 2003). "The Playboy of the Western World, Dublin, 1907". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- Arabazhin, K. A. (1910). «Леонидъ Андреевъ. Итоги творчества. Литературно-критическій этюдъ» [Leonid Andreyev: the Summary]. Saint Petersburg: Obshchestvennaya Polza Publishers. // «Типографія т-ва "Общественная Польза», В. Подъяч., 39. 1910.
- "Sacred Texts: Diamond Sutra". British Library. 2003-11-30. Archived from the original on 2013-11-10.
- "Ultima oră. Nuoi perchezițiunĭ". Opinia. Iași. 1907-04-08. p. 3.
- Cernat, Paul (2007). Avangarda românească și complexul periferiei: primul val. Bucharest: Cartea Românească. p. 29. ISBN 978-973-23-1911-6.
- de Coks, Paul (1907). "Expulzarea unui trubadur". Furnica (in Romanian) (139): 7. Săvulescu, Traian (1952). "Barbu Lăzăreanu". Studii. Revistă de Istorie și Filosofie (in Romanian) (1): 247.
- Cioculescu, Șerban (1974). Caragialiana. Bucharest: Editura Eminescu. pp. 119–124. OCLC 6890267.
- Șerban, Mihail (1928-06-27). "Cu d. Const. Banu, evocând trecutul. După 25 de ani dela apariția revistei Flacăra, fostul ei director ne vorbește despre începuturi, colaboratori și drumul parcurs". Adevărul. Bucharest. p. 3.
- "It's a "Blurb" Now to Puff New Book: Gelett Burgess Coins Odd Term for the Booksellers' Annual Dinner". The New York Times. 1907-05-16. p. 7.
- Crystal, David, ed. (1995). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of The English Language. Cambridge University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0521401798.
- Price, Stanley (2016-09-07). "James Joyce and Italo Svevo: The Story of a Friendship". The Irish Times. Dublin.
- Davis, Melanie. "The Renée Vivien Translation Project". Valkyria. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Encyclopedia of Ukraine.