1908 in aviation
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|Years in aviation:||1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s|
|Years:||1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911|
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1908:
- The United States Army announces plans to buy flying machines.
- Fiat begins to manufacture aero engines.
- 8 January – Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin announces plans to build an airship capable of carrying 100 passengers.
- 13 January – Henri Farman wins the $10,000 Deutsch-Archdeacon Prize for making the world's first circular flight of at least 1 km (0,621 mile) in a Voisin 1907 biplane. In a flight of 1 minutes 28 seconds at Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, he flies well over a kilometer at an altitude of 25 to 30 feet (7.6 to 9.1 meters).
- 17 March – AEA Red Wing is destroyed in a crash on its second flight.
- 21 March – Henri Farman makes the first flight carrying a passenger in a biplane.
- 14 May – Charles Furnas becomes the first passenger in an aeroplane in the United States, piloted by Wilbur Wright. They fly for a distance of approximately 600m in 28-3/5ths seconds in the Wright 1905 Flyer, modified with seats for pilot and passenger. Shortly after, Orville Wright flies Furnas for 4.12 km in 4 minutes 2-2/5ths seconds.
- 22 May – The Wright brothers register their airplane with the United States Patent Office.
- 31 May – Henry Farman is reported to have flown with a Mlle. P. Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, daughter of the mayor of Desteldonk in Ghent, Belgium. She is the first woman passenger in an aeroplane.
- June – Alliott Verdon Roe performs taxiing and towed flight trials with his first powered aeroplane at Brooklands, Surrey.
- 28 June – Jacob Ellehammer makes the first piloted, powered aeroplane flight in Germany.
- The Royal Navy's Director of Naval Ordnance, Captain Reginald Bacon, recommends that the Royal Navy acquire an airship to compete with the Imperial German Navy's Zeppelins.
- 4 July – Glenn H. Curtiss is awarded the Scientific American trophy for being the first person in the United States to make a public flight of over 1 km (0.62 mi) in the AEA June Bug. The award is for a flight at Hammondsport in which he flies 1,550 m (5,090 ft) in 1 minute and 42 seconds.
- 8 July – Thérèse Peltier officially becomes the first woman to fly in an aeroplane. She is a passenger on a flight made by Léon Delagrange at Turin. However, this flight may not have been fully controlled. See also #May and #October.
- 8 August – Wilbur Wright makes his first flights at the Hunaudières racetrack at Le Mans, France. The Wright Flyer used for this and later flights had been shipped to Le Havre by Orville the previous year. It had been seriously damaged by custom officials when it arrived in France and was uncrated. Wilbur spent the whole summer of 1908 rebuilding the machine and getting it into flying condition. Wilbur's flights in this machine will have a profound effect on European aviation during the following months.
- 20 August – Robert Gastambide becomes the first passenger carried by a monoplane when he is taken up on the Antoinette II.
- 21 August
- 3 September – Seeking a contract to build the United States Army's first airplane, Orville Wright begins flight trials before Army observers at Fort Myer, Virginia, in a new Wright Model A flyer. The flight lasts 1 minute 11 seconds.
- 9 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets three world records: a flight endurance record of 57 minutes 13 seconds on his first flight, a new flight endurance record of 1 hour 2 minutes and 15 seconds on his second flight (the world's first airplane flight of over one hour), and an endurance record for a flight with a passenger (Army Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm) of 6 minutes 24 seconds on his third flight.
- 10 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world flight endurance record of 1 hour 5 minutes and 52 seconds.
- 11 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world flight endurance record of 1 hour 10 minutes and 24 seconds.
- 12 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world record for flight endurance with a passenger (Army Major George O. Squier) of 9 minutes 6⅓ seconds.
- 17 September – U.S. Army Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge becomes the first person killed in a powered aircraft crash and the first military aviation casualty when the Wright Model A Orville Wright is piloting during U.S. Army tests suffers a broken propeller crashes from an alatitude of 75 feet (23 meters) at Fort Myer. Wright is severely injured.
- Thérèse Peltier makes a flight of 200 metres (656 feet) at a height of approximately 2.5 meters (8 feet) at the Military Square in Turin, Italy. Photos of Peltier with the aeroplane are published on 27 September. Unofficially, it is the first flight by a female aviator.
- 28 September – At Camp d'Avours, France, Wilbur Wright sets a world airplane endurance record in a flight of 1 hour 32 minutes, covering 61 miles (98 km), winning a $1,000 prize from the Aero Club of France for the longest flight in history over an enclosed ground.
- 3 October – George P. Dicken of the New York Herald becomes the first newspaper reporter to fly in an airplane when he rides as a passenger with Wilbur Wright at Camp d'Auvours. The flight sets a world record for the longest with a passenger, lasting 55 minutes 37 seconds.
- 5 October – The Zeppelin LZ IV is destroyed by fire at Echterdingen, Germany.
- 6 October – At Camp d'Avours, Wilbur Wright sets another world record for a flight with a passenger, remaining aloft for 1 hour 4 minutes 26 seconds. He wins a $100,000 prize from a French syndicate for making two record-setting flights with a passenger within the same week.
- 7 October – Wilbur Wright flies with Mrs. Hart O. Berg as passenger at Camp d'Auvours. This is the first fully controlled flight with a woman passenger.
- 16 October – Samuel Cody makes his first aeroplane flight in the UK in British Army Aeroplane No. 1.
- 18 October – Wilbur Wright climbs to 115 metres (377 ft) above Camp d'Auvours.
- 30 October – Henry Farman makes the first cross-country flight in a power-driven aeroplane, flying from Bouy to Reims 27 kilometres (17 mi) in 20 minutes.
- November – Horace, Eustace and Oswald Short found Short Brothers, the first aircraft manufacturing company in England, in Battersea, London.
- 18 December
- Wilbur Wright at Camp d'Auvours, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) east of Le Mans, France, flies 99.8 kilometres (62.0 mi) in 1 hour 54 minutes 2/5 second, rising to an altitude of 110 meters (360 feet) – a new world record.
- American aeronaut and aerial photographer Melvin Vaniman flies a steel-tube-frame triplane he designed and built himself a distance of 150 meters (492 feet) above the parade ground at Issy-les-Moulineaux, France.
- 24 December – The first Paris Aeronautical Salon opens the Grand Palais.
- 31 December – Wilbur Wright wins a prize of FF 20,000 from Michelin for the longest flight of the year (a world record) - 123.2 kilometres (76.6 mi) in 2 hours 18 minutes and 33 1/5 seconds from Camp d'Auvours.
- 12 March - AEA Red Wing, flying from the surface of Keuka Lake near Hammondsport, New York. Flight distance is 97.2 metres (319 ft) but ends with the aircraft collapsing to the ground, leaving the pilot slightly bruised. This is the first public demonstration of a powered aircraft flight in the United States.
- 18 May - AEA White Wing
- 8 June - Roe I Biplane
- 21 June - AEA June Bug
- 5 September - Goupy No.1, the world's first triplane
- 19 October - Antoinette IV
- 6 December - AEA Silver Dart
- Chant, Chris, The World's Great Bombers, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000, ISBN 0-7607-2012-6, p. 48.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 108.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 110.
- U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission: 1908 Kitty Hawk, N.C. Archived 2009-01-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 111.
- Early Aviators - Thérèse Peltier
- The newspaper "Flandre Sportive" 1 June 1908 as referred to in " Een Eeuw Luchtvaart boven Gent" (Flying Pencil) by Piet Dhanens, pp 36-37, 2008
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 107.
- Early Aviators - Leon Delagrange
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 52.
- U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission: 1908 Camp d'Auvours, Le Mans, France Archived 2009-01-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Crouch, Tom, The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, p. 374.
- Crouch, Tom, The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, p. 374-375.
- Crouch, Tom, The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, p. 375.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 116.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 117.
- Crouch, Tom, The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1989, p. 381.
- Monash University - Aviation Biographies
- Gibbs-Smith, C.H. Aviation. London: NMSO. p. 163.
- Gibbs-Smith, C.H. Aviation. London: NMSO. p. 162.
- Kenney, Kimberly, "A Thousand Miles By Airship", Aviation History, July 2012, p. 53.
- The Paris Aeronautical SalonFlight 2 January 1909
- "Selfridge Aerodrome Sails Steadily for 319 Feet. At 25 to 30 miles an Hour." Washington Post, 13 May 1908.