1908 in the United Kingdom
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|1908 in the United Kingdom|
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|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
Events from the year 1908 in the United Kingdom.
- Monarch – Edward VII
- Prime Minister – Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Liberal) (until 3 April), H. H. Asquith (Liberal) (starting 5 April)
- 1 January
- 22 January – Arthur Henderson becomes the second leader of the Labour Party following the resignation of Keir Hardie.
- 24 January – start of publication of Robert Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys in London. The book will over time sell over 100 million copies and effectively begin the worldwide Boy Scout movement.
- March – The Children's Encyclopedia begins publication in London.
- 1 April – the Territorial Force of the British Army is established by merger of the civilian-organised Volunteer Force with the Yeomanry; and remaining units of the militia are transferred into the regular Special Reserve.
- 7 April – Campbell-Bannerman resigns as Prime Minister, on the grounds of health; replaced by Asquith.
- 8 April – David Lloyd George becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer, while Winston Churchill enters the Cabinet for the first time, as President of the Board of Trade.
- 18 April – Manchester United secure the Football League First Division title The first major trophy of their history.
- 1 May - 31 October – Scottish National Exhibition is held in Edinburgh
- 11 May – foundation stone of the Royal Liver Building in Liverpool is laid.
- 24 May (Empire Day) – formation of the 1st Arundel (Earl of Arundel's Own) Scout Group (traditionally accepted date although Scouting was probably active in Arundel prior to this).
- 26 May–October – Franco-British Exhibition held at what becomes known as White City, London.
- 21 June – first large suffragette rally, in London.
- July – Allied Artists' Association holds its first exhibition, at the Royal Albert Hall.
- 13–25 July – 1908 Summer Olympics held at the White City Stadium as part of the Franco-British Exhibition and of a festival of sport beginning on 14 May. The marathon (beginning at Windsor) is run on 24 July and the Winter Olympics are held here on 19–31 October. The Great Britain and Ireland team win 56 gold, 51 silver and 39 bronze medals.
- 31 July – Irish Universities Act receives Royal Assent in Parliament. This provides for establishment of the federal National University of Ireland based in Dublin and the Queen's University of Belfast.
- 10 September – the first Minas Geraes-class Dreadnought battleship for Brazil, Minas Geraes is launched at Armstrong Whitworth's yard on the River Tyne.
- 16 October – American-born Samuel F. Cody makes the first powered fixed-wing aircraft flight in Britain, taking off at the School of Ballooning, Farnborough, Hampshire, in British Army Aeroplane No 1.
- 14 November – Elizabeth Garrett Anderson is the first woman in England to be elected as a mayor (of Aldeburgh).
- 3 December – the first performance of Edward Elgar's Symphony No. 1 is given by the Hallé in Manchester's Free Trade Hall.
- 10 December – the National Farmers' Union is founded.
- 21 December – royal assent given to the following Acts of Parliament:
- Walter Sickert paints the series of problem pictures The Camden Town Murder.
- John Hassall paints the first version of the Jolly Fisherman poster (slogan: Skegness is SO bracing).
- Punishment of Incest Act makes incest a civil crime for the first time.
- Bisto gravy powder is first marketed.
- Vimto is invented by John Noel Nichols in Manchester. Originally sold under the name Vimtonic, Nichols shortens it to Vimto in 1912.
- Robert Baden-Powell's book Scouting for Boys.
- The Children's Encyclopedia, first edition.
- G. K. Chesterton's novel The Man Who Was Thursday and his book Orthodoxy.
- W. H. Davies' autobiography The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp.
- E. M. Forster's novel A Room with a View.
- Kenneth Grahame's children's novel The Wind in the Willows.
- E. Nesbit's children's novel The House of Arden.
- H. De Vere Stacpoole's novel The Blue Lagoon.
- First issue of The Magnet, featuring a story of Greyfriars School by Frank Richards.
- 8 January – William Hartnell, actor (died 1975)
- 5 February – Daisy and Violet Hilton, conjoined twin actresses (died 1969)
- 11 February – Vivian Fuchs, geologist and explorer (died 1999)
- 22 February – John Mills, actor (died 2005)
- 29 February – A. L. Lloyd, folk song collector (died 1982)
- 5 March – Rex Harrison, actor (died 1990)
- 12 March – Ida Crowe Pollock, writer (died 2013)
- 19 March – George Rodger, photojournalist (died 1995)
- 20 March – Michael Redgrave, actor (died 1985)
- 25 March
- 27 March – Semprini, musician (died 1990)
- 11 April – Dan Maskell, tennis coach and commentator (died 1992)
- 14 May – Amy Jagger, gymnast (died 1993)
- 28 May – Ian Fleming, writer (died 1964)
- 30 May – Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk, peer and Earl Marshal (died 1975)
- 1 June – Percy Edwards, animal impersonator (died 1996)
- 30 June – Winston Graham, writer (died 2003)
- 25 July – Bill Bowes, cricketer (died 1987)
- 4 August – Osbert Lancaster, cartoonist (died 1986)
- 21 August – M. M. Kaye, writer (died 2004)
- 23 August – Hannah Frank, artist and sculptor (died 2008)
- 31 August – Kenneth Gandar-Dower, sportsman, aviator, explorer and author (died 1944)
- 6 September
- 12 September – Reginald C. Fuller, Roman Catholic priest and writer (died 2011)
- 19 October – Sydney MacEwan, singer (died 1990)
- 2 November – Fred Bakewell, cricketer (died 1983)
- 20 November – Alistair Cooke, journalist (died 2004)
- 26 November – Charles Forte, businessman (died 2007)
- 18 December – Celia Johnson, actress (died 1982)
- 25 December – Quentin Crisp, writer and raconteur (died 1999)
- 25 January – Ouida, writer (born 1839)
- 22 March – John William Crombie, Scottish woollen manufacturer and politician (born 1858)
- 20 April – Henry Chadwick, baseball writer and historian (born 1824)
- 22 April – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister (born 1836)
- 31 May – Sir John Evans, archaeologist (born 1823)
- 2 June – William Napier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (born 1828)
- 22 July – William Randal Cremer, politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (born 1828)
- 16 October – Joseph Leycester Lyne (Father Ignatius of Jesus), Anglican Benedictine abbot (born 1837)
- 1 December – Howell Jones, Welsh rugby union player (born 1882)
- "Leaders of the Labour Party". election.demon. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 340–341. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907.
- "1908 Scottish". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- O'Reilly, Aidan (Autumn 2002). "The role of Archbishop Walsh in the resolution of the Irish University Question" (PDF). Irish Educational Studies. 21 (2): 1–11. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
- Law, Cheryl (2004). "Morley, Edith Julia (1875–1964)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-14. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- "Samuel Cody 100 years on". Royal Aeronautical Society. 2007. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- "HSBC – its history in Wales". HSBC. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- Batty, David (18 May 2005). "Timeline: a history of child protection". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- Januszczak, Waldemar (4 November 2007). "Walter Sickert – murderous monster or sly self-promoter?". The Times. Archived from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
- "Official Skegness Jolly Fisherman website". Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- "About Bisto". Aah! Bisto. Premier Foods. 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.