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The year 1909 in architecture involved some significant events.
- February 28 - The Praetorian Building in Dallas, Texas, USA, opens to visitors.
- March 15 - Selfridges, Oxford Street, London department store, designed by American architect Daniel Burnham, opens.
- March 25 - Hjorthagen Church in Stockholm, Sweden, opens.
- March 30 - Queensboro Bridge in New York City, designed by Gustav Lindenthal in collaboration with Leffert L. Buck and Henry Hornbostel, opens.
- April 25 - A bomb blast damages St. Louis Cathedral (New Orleans).
- May 1 - Opening of the International Exhibition of the East of France, held in Nancy until October 31. Many architects of the École de Nancy, including Lucien Weissenburger, Émile André, Émile Toussaint, Louis Marchal, Paul Charbonnier, Eugène Vallin, and others design the pavilions for the exhibition.
- July 1 - Wiesen Viaduct on the Rhaetian Railway in Switzerland, designed by Henning Friedrich, opens.
- July 14 - Teatro Municipal (Rio de Janeiro) opens.
- October 10 - Fades viaduct in France opens.
- October - United States Post Office, Courthouse, and Custom House (Spokane, Washington), designed under the supervision of James Knox Taylor, opens.
- November 8 - Boston Opera House in the United States opens.
- November 25 - Bucharest Russian Church sanctified.
- Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine in Salt Lake City, Utah, designed by Carl M. Neuhausen and Bernard O. Mecklenburg, completed.
- Basílica del Voto Nacional in Quito, Ecuador, designed by Emilio Tarlier, completed.
- Holy Myrrhbearers Cathedral in Baku, Azerbaijan, built.
- St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral, Kiev, completed by Władysław Horodecki to a design of S. Volovskiy, consecrated.
- Saint-Édouard Church in Montreal, Quebec, designed by Joseph-Ovide Turgeon, completed.
- Novi Sad Synagogue in Serbia, designed by Baumhorn Lipót, completed.
- Façade of San Silvestro, Venice, designed by Giuseppe Sicher, completed.
- Grand Post Office in Istanbul, Turkey, designed by Vedat Tek, completed.
- United States Post Offices in New York State at Corning, Ithaca and Little Falls, designed under the supervision of James Knox Taylor, completed.
- Chemnitz Opera in Germany, designed by Richard Möbius, completed.
- Higgins Building in Los Angeles completed.
- Corinthian Hall (Robert A. Long House) in Kansas City, Missouri, designed by Henry Hoit of Hoit, Price and Barnes, completed.
- Construction work begins on the Robie House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, in Hyde Park, Chicago.