1910 in aviation
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|Years in aviation:||1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913|
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1910:
- The first night flights take place.
- Races between aeroplanes and cars are only won by racing cars.
- The world's first use of a radio between an aircraft and the ground takes place in the United States.
- Hugo Junkers gets a patent for his thick wing/all-metal type aeroplane.
- A patent is taken out in Germany for a device that allows a fixed machine gun to be fired from an airplane.
- The Imperial German Navy begins to form an air arm.
- The Imperial Russian Navy orders its first airplane.
- Lilian Bland builds and flies her own glider, the first biplane built in Ireland, from Carnmoney Hill, soon afterwards fitting an engine and making her first powered flight in late August.
- Pierre Levasseur founds Sociéte Pierre Levasseur Aéronautique, which initially manufactures propellers.
- January – Missiles are dropped from an airplane for the first time, when United States Army Lieutenant Paul W. Beck drops sandbags simulating bombs over Los Angeles, California.
- 4 January – Leon Delagrange is killed at Bordeaux after the wings on his Blériot collapse.
- 7 January – Frenchman Hubert Latham is the first pilot to climb to 1000 metres (3,281 feet).
- 10 – 20 January – The first aviation meet to be held in the United States, the 1910 Los Angeles International Air Meet at Dominguez Field, is held near Los Angeles, California.
- 15 February - In the United Kingdom, the Royal Aero Club is granted its "Royal" prefix.
- 25 February - Crew training begins for the British Royal Navy's first rigid airship, HMA No. 1, also known as Mayfly.
- March – The Imperial Russian Navy sends three officers to France to receive flight training. It is the beginning of Russian heavier-than-air naval aviation.
- 7 March – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his biplane on West Executive Avenue in Washington, D.C. and then lunches with United States Secretary of War Jacob M. Dickinson.
- 8 March – Raymonde de Laroche of France becomes the first woman in the world to receive a pilot's licence.
- 10 March – Emil Aubrun (fr) makes the first night flights, in a Blériot XI at Villalugano, Argentina.
- 11 March – J. W. Dunne flies one of the first inherently stable aircraft, the Dunne D.5, at Eastchurch.
- 13 March – Paul Engelhard(de) makes the first flight in Switzerland, flying a Wright biplane from a frozen lake at St Moritz
- 14 March – Louis Paulhan flies 146 km (91 mi) in a straight route from Orleans to Troyes.
- 21 March – Harry Houdini achieves one of the first powered flights in Australia.
- 28 March – Henri Fabre makes the first flights in a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, at Martigues, France.
- April – The French Aéronautique Militaire is formed as its own command, with a total of five aircraft.
- 2 April – Hubert Le Blon, an early Bleriot XI pilot, is killed after crashing onto the rocks at San Sebastian, Spain. He is the second pilot to die in the crash of a Bleriot after Delagrange.
- 28 April – Frenchman Louis Paulhan completes the Daily Mail's London to Manchester challenge in under 24 hours; the other competitor, Claude Grahame-White, is forced to retire.
- 10 May – Ernest Failloubaz makes the first flight in Switzerland by an aircraft built by and flown by a Swiss citizen. The aircraft had been constructed in co-operation with René Grandjean.
- 13 May – Gabriel Hauvette-Michelin, an Antoinette pilot, is killed after hitting a racing pylon during takeoff at Lyon. The pylon broke and fell over crushing him in his cockpit.
- 18 May – In Paris, France, the world's first conference on air traffic opens.
- 27 May – The Caproni Ca.1, the first aircraft manufactured entirely in Italy, is destroyed during its first flight.
- 31 May – Glenn Curtiss wins a $10,000 (USD) prize from the New York World for flying in his Hudson Flyer from Albany, New York, to New York City in 2 hours 51 minutes, following the course of the Hudson River.
- 2 June – Charles Rolls makes the first successful return (or round-trip) flight over the English Channel.
- 17 June – Romanian engineer and inventor Aurel Vlaicu flies his first airplane, Vlaicu I
- 22 June – The first commercial airship flight takes place, as the Zeppelin Deutschland (LZ 7) flies from Friederichshafen to Düsseldorf, Germany, with 20 paying passengers – 10 men and 10 women – on board. Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin is at Deutschland's helm.
- July – The United States Navy torpedo boat Bagley becomes the first U.S. Navy ship to embark a heavier-than-air aircraft when she takes a flying machine invented by Butler Ames aboard for testing. Tests carried out aboard Bagley of the Butler Ames Flying Machine last until August. The flying machine, which relies on the rotation of two large drums for its lifting power, proves incapable of flight.
- 9 July – Frenchman Léon Morane (fr) sets a new speed record of 106 km/h (65.8 mph).
- 12 July – The French-built Wright airplane of Charles Rolls suffers a broken rudder at an altitude of 80 feet (24 meters) and crashes during a contest at Bournemouth. Rolls dies in the crash, becoming the first British aviation fatality.
- 13 July – The German blimp Erbslöh suffers an in-flight explosion and crashes near Leverkusen, Germany, killing her entire crew of five.
- 18 August – John Moissant becomes the first American to pilot an airplane across the English Channel.
- 20 August – A military firearm is fired from an airplane for the first time when United States Army Lieutenant Jacob Earl Fickel fires a rifle from a two-seat Curtiss biplane.
- 27 August – Frederick "Casey" Baldwin and John McCurdy, using a Curtiss biplane, are the first pilots to send radio messages to the ground.
- 28 August – Armand Dufaux pilots a Dufaux 4 biplane 66 km (41 mi) from St. Gingolph to Geneva at an altitude of around 150 m (500 ft), taking 56 minutes and 5 seconds for the crossing of Lake Geneva, the longest flight over "open water" at the time.
- 29 August – The Aero Club of Ireland holds its inaugural aviation meeting at Leopardstown Racecourse.
- August – First passenger flight in Ulster: Harry Ferguson pilots Miss Rita Marr.
- 6 September – Blanche Stuart Scott makes the first solo airplane flight by a woman in the United States subsequently recognized by the Early Birds of Aviation.
- 6 September – The Peruvian Jorge Chávez (Geo Chavez) flies at 2,700 meters (8,700 ft) over the city of Issy, France.
- 11 September – English-born actor-aviator Robert Loraine makes the first aeroplane flight from Wales across the Irish Sea, although he actually lands some 200 feet (60 metres) short of the Irish coast in Dublin Bay.
- 14 September – The Zeppelin LZ 6 is destroyed by fire in her hangar at Baden-Baden, Germany.
- 16 September – Bessica Raiche makes the first solo airplane flight by a woman in the United States to be accredited at the time by the Aeronautical Society of America.
- 17 September – Andrew Blain Baird makes the first powered monoplane flight in Scotland, at Ettrick Bay on the Isle of Bute in a self-built machine.
- 23 September – Geo Chavez flies the Blériot monoplane over the Alps from Brig (Switzerland) to Domodossola (Italy) reaching a height of 2200 metres (7,218 feet), but is fatally injured in a crash landing at the end of his flight and dies four days later.
- 26 September - Captain Washington I. Chambers is designated as the first officer to have oversight over United States Navy aviation programs.
- October – Romanian inventor Henri Coandă builds the Coandă-1910 which he exhibits at the International Aeronautic Salon in Paris. He later claimed that this was the first motorjet, and that 2 months later it was flown briefly at the airport in Issy-les-Moulineaux. Most aviation historians assert that the aircraft never flew and was not a motorjet.
- 3 October – The first mid-air collision takes place near Milan. Both pilots, Bertram Dickson and Rene Thomas, survive, but Dickson is badly injured.
- 11 October – Theodore Roosevelt (President of the United States of America 1901 - 09) becomes the first former American state leader to fly in an airplane when he flies with exhibition pilot Arch Hoxsey at St. Louis. Former Italian Prime Minister Sidney Sonnino flew with Wilbur Wright the previous year at Centocelle near Rome.
- 14 October – First confirmed flight over Norway by Carl Cederström.
- 15 October – Walter Wellman and his crew of five (including aeronaut and aerial photographer Melvin Vaniman) depart Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the dirigible America to attempt the first transatlantic flight.
- 16 October – During a six-hour, 390-km (240-mile), non-stop flight from Compiègne, France, to Wormwood Scrubs, London, England, the French military dirigible Clément-Bayard No.2, piloted by Maurice Clément and carrying six other men, becomes the first airship to cross the English Channel. The overwater portion of the flight takes 45 minutes.
- 18 October – Wellman's transatlantic attempt ends when mechanical failures and a shortage of fuel force his dirgible America down in the North Atlantic Ocean about 450 miles (725 km) east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, where all aboard are rescued by the ocean liner Trent. Despite America″s failure to cross the Atlantic, the flight has set new world records for nonstop distance flown (1,008 miles/1,623 km) and for endurance (71½ hours nonstop, smashing the previous record, also set by a dirgible, of 37 hours aloft, at time when the airplane record was 5 hours).
- 24 October – Blanche Stuart Scott becomes the first American female stunt pilot and the first American woman to pilot an aircraft at a public event, making her debut at an air show at Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- 4 November – Welshman Ernest Willows makes the first airship crossing from England to France with Willows No. 3 City of Cardiff.
- 7 November
- Pilot Didier Masson takes flight on a biplane designed by E. Lilian Todd across the Garden City aviation field. Todd is credited for being the first woman in the world to design airplanes.
- The first air flight for the purpose of delivering commercial freight occurs between Dayton, Ohio and Columbus, Ohio in the United States of America by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse. The trip is made by Wright pilot Philip Parmalee.
- 14 November – Eugene Ely takes off from a temporary platform erected over the bow of the light cruiser USS Birmingham in Hampton Roads, Virginia, the first take-off from a ship by a fixed-wing aircraft.
- 17 November – Ralph Johnstone, a pilot for the Wright Exhibition Team, becomes the first American pilot to die in a plane crash when his machine breaks apart in mid-air in full view of about 5,000 spectators at Denver, Colorado.
- 1 December – The Curtiss Aeroplane Company is founded.
- 3 December – The first multiple-fatality airplane accident in history takes places, when Italian Army Lieutenant Enrico Cammarota and Private S. Castellani become the 26th and 27th people to die in a plane crash in a mishap at Aeroporto di Centocelle, near Rome, Italy.
- 9 December – The French aviator Georges Legagneux becomes the first person to fly an airplane higher than 10,000 feet (3,048 meters), reaching an altitude of 10,499 feet (3,200 meters) in a Blériot monoplane over the Pau airfield near Paris.
- 16 December – Coandă-1910, the first aircraft powered by a turbo-propulseur, may have been tested near Paris. Another date given in some sources is 10 December. Experts dispute whether it was tested at all.
- 19 December – Imperial Japanese Army Captain Yoshitoshi Tokugawa makes the first heavier-than-air flight in Japan piloting a Farman III biplane.
- 20 December – Chile establishes its first military aviation arm, the Chilean Army's Military Aviation Service of Chile.
- 21 December – Hélène Dutrieu becomes the first winner of the Coupe Femina (Femina Cup) for a non-stop flight of 167 kilometers (104 mi) in 2 hours 35 minutes.
- 22 December – British aviation pioneer Cecil Grace vanishes over the English Channel during a flight from Calais, France, to Dover, England.
- 23 December – Lt Theodore Ellyson of the United States Navy is assigned to flight training with the Curtiss company, making him the first naval aviator.
- 28 December – French aviator Alexandre Laffont and Spanish passenger Mario Pola are killed at Issy-Les-Molineaux shortly after taking off in an attempt to fly to Belgium with two passengers. Their Antoinette monoplane collapses in midair. Pola was the owner of the aircraft and had hired test pilot Laffont, of the Antoinette Company, to fly it.
- 31 December – American pioneers John B. Moisant and Arch Hoxsey are killed on this day within hours of each other. Moisant at New Orleans in the morning and Hoxsey at Los Angeles in the afternoon.
- 24 June – Roe III Triplane
- 29 July – Bristol Boxkite
- Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, p. 24.
- Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, p. 16.
- Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 21.
- Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 96.
- O'Connell, Claire (2009). "Flying in the Face of Convention". Engineers Journal. Ireland. 63: 81–2.
- Blake, John. "A Brief History of the Royal Aero Club". Royal Aero Club. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, pp. 95-96.
- Pawlak, Debra Ann, "The Baroness of Flight," Aviation History, July 2008, p. 16.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 136.
- Ernest Failloubaz at Azimuth207, Hommage Aux Pionniers de l'Aviation Suisse
- Champagne Berceau De L'Aviation Du Monde
- The Aeroplane Past, Present, Future by Claude Grahame-White c.1910 Retrieved August 6, 2015
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 137.
- Blumberg, Arnold, "Bombing, Italian Style," Aviation History, November 2015, p. 49.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 107.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 138.
- Whitehouse, Arch, The Zeppelin Fighters, New York: Ace Books, 1966, no ISBN number, p. 34.
- Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 45.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 139.
- Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 140.
- "Airport History". George Best Belfast City Airport. Archived from the original on 2011-10-12. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Jorge Basadre, Historia de la República del Perú, vol. VIII, p. 383.
- "Loraine's Daring Flight". The Irish Times. Dublin. 12 September 1910. p. 7.
- "Mr Loraine's Irish Channel Flight". Flight. 17 September 1910.
- "First all-Scottish heavier-than-air powered flight". 2010. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 107.
- Coandă, Henri (1956) Royal Air Force Flying Review
- Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith (1960). The Aeroplane: An Historical Survey of Its Origins and Development, pages 220–221. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Winter, Frank H. (1980). "Ducted Fan or the World's First Jet Plane? The Coanda claim re-examined". Journal of the Royal Aeronautic Society
- Aviation Firsts: 336 Questions and Answers, Joshua Stoff, Dover Publications, 2000
- Kenney, Kimberly, "A Thousand Miles By Airship", Aviation History, July 2012, pp. 50-51.
- Anonymous, "Paris to London in Six Hours By Air: French Dirigible Writes New Chapter in History of Aviation," New State Tribune (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma), October 20, 1910, Page 1
- Kenney, Kimberly, "A Thousand Miles By Airship", Aviation History, July 2012, pp. 52-53.
- Bauman, Richard, "Tomboy of the Air," Aviation History, January 2013, p. 19.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 108.
- Henry Villard, Contact! The Story of the Early Aviators (Courier Dover Publications, 2002) p241; "The Fatalities of Flight", by Victor Lougheed, Popular Mechanics (August 1911) p173
- "Frenchman Up 10,499 Feet", New York Times, December 10, 1910, p6
- "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (January 1911), pp32–35
- Winter, Frank H. (December 1980). "Ducted Fan or the World's First Jet Plane? The Coanda claim re-examined". The Aeronautical Journal. Royal Aeronautical Society. 84: 408–416.
- Gibbs-Smith, Charles Harvard (1960). The Aeroplane: An Historical Survey of Its Origins and Development. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. p. 220.
- Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 29.