|Cantonese||San1 Hoi6 Gaap3 Ming6|
|Music by||Ding Wei|
|Edited by||Yang Hongyu|
|Distributed by||Media Asia Distributions (Hong Kong)|
Huaxia Film Distribution
East Film & TV Distribution (China)
1911 (Chinese: 辛亥革命, also known as Xinhai Revolution and The 1911 Revolution), is a 2011 Chinese historical drama film about the 1911 Revolution in China, produced to commemorate the revolution's 100th anniversary. Directed by Jackie Chan and Zhang Li, the film stars Chan in his 100th film as an actor, alongside an ensemble cast that includes Winston Chao, Li Bingbing, Joan Chen, Hu Ge, and Chan's son Jaycee Chan. It was released on 23 September 2011 in mainland China and on 29 September in Hong Kong; it also opened the 24th Tokyo International Film Festival later in October.
1911 received mainly negative reviews from Western film critics, who criticized its unengaging propagandistic depiction of the revolution but commended its cinematography.
The story follows key events of the 1911 Revolution, with focus on Huang Xing and Sun Yat-sen. It begins with the Wuchang Uprising of 1911 and follows through historical events such as the Second Guangzhou Uprising on 27 April 1911, the deaths of the 72 martyrs, the election of Sun Yat-sen as the provisional president of the new Provisional Republic of China, the abdication of the last Qing dynasty emperor Puyi on 12 February 1912, and Yuan Shikai becoming the new provisional president in Beijing on 10 March 1912.
- Jackie Chan as revolutionary Huang Xing
- Winston Chao as Sun Yat-sen
- Li Bingbing as Xu Zonghan
- Sun Chun as Yuan Shikai
- Jaycee Chan as Zhang Zhenwu
- Hu Ge as Lin Juemin
- Yu Shaoqun as Wang Jingwei
- Joan Chen as Empress Dowager Longyu
- Huang Zhizhong as Situ Meitang
- Jiang Wu as Li Yuanhong
- Ning Jing as Qiu Jin
- Jiang Wenli as Soong Ching-ling
- Mei Ting as Chen Yiying
- Xing Jiadong as Song Jiaoren
- Wei Zongwan as Aisin-Gioro Yikuang
- Hu Ming as Liao Zhongkai
- Iva Law as Consort Jin
- Huo Qing as Tan Renfeng
- Qi Dao as Wu Zhaolin
- Dennis To as Xiong Bingkun
- Tao Zeru as Tang Weiyong
- Wang Ziwen as Tang Manrou
- Ye Daying as Wu Tingfang
- Chen Yiheng as Xu Shichang
- Tobgyal (Duobujie) as Feng Guozhang
- Zhang Zhijian as Lin Sen
- Xie Gang as Tang Shaoyi
- Liu Zitian as Hu Hanmin
- Sun Jingji as Yu Peilun
- Michael Lacidonia as Homer Lea
- Gao Bin as Cai Yuanpei
- Wang Wang as Chen Qimei
- Zhao Yaodong as Zhang Taiyan
- Jia Hongwei as Jiang Yiwu
- Su Hanye as Aisin-Gioro Puyi
- Nan Kai as Jin Zhaolong
- Tong Jun as Xiaodezhang
- Jiang Jing as Yuan Shikai's concubine
- Wang Weiwei as Yuan Shikai's concubine
- Wang Luyao as Yuan Shikai's concubine
- Simon Dutton as John Jordan
- He Xiang as Fang Shengdong
- Lan Haoyu as Lin Shishuang
- Xu Ning as Chen Gengxin
- Wei Xiaojun as Red Cross Society leader
- Qin Xuan as Red Cross Society vice leader
- He Qiang as Ju Zheng
- Ma Yan as Liu Cheng'en
- Wang Ya'nan as Yuan Keding
- Zhang Xiaolin as Tieliang
- Lü Yang as Aisin-Gioro Liangbi
- Tan Zengwei as Puwei
- Jack as Yubei'er
- Li Dongxue as Zaifeng
- Liu Guohua as Qing assassin
- Wang Kan as Borjigit Ruicheng
- Xu Wenguang as Zhang Mingqi
- Zuo Zhaohe as Zheng Kun
- Wang Jingfeng as Tao Qisheng
- James Lee Guy as American representative
- Maxiu as British representative
- Canwu as German representative
- Duluye as French representative
- Attarian as French representative
Production started on 29 September 2010 in Fuxin, Liaoning, where a camera rolling ceremony was held. After half a year of intense production, it wrapped up on 20 March 2011 in Sanya, Hainan. It is Taiwanese actor Winston Chao's fifth portrayal of Chinese nationalist Sun Yat-sen, after the films The Soong Sisters (1997) and Road to Dawn (2007), and the television series Sun Zhongshan (2001) and Tie jian dan daoyi (2009).
1911 was released on 23 September 2011 in China and on 29 September 2011 in Hong Kong. It opened the 24th Tokyo International Film Festival on 22 October 2011. It was released in its original version in North American theatres on 7 October 2011.
This section needs expansion with: reviews from Chinese film critics. You can help by adding to it. (December 2020)
1911 received generally negative reviews from Western film critics; it currently holds a 8% "rotten" rating on Rotten Tomatoes. On Metacritic, which uses an average of critics' reviews, it holds 37/100, indicating "generally unfavorable" reviews, e.g. on the Opionator.
Maggie Lee of The Hollywood Reporter largely criticized the film's "insipid, poorly structured screenplay", and wrote: "A mainland Chinese propaganda vehicle through and through, the film postulates history in such a scrappy, inaccessible manner that either as entertainment or education, it’s a lost cause." Rachel Saltz of The New York Times described the film as "overly faithful" to being a commemorative work that honors the 1911 revolution, approaching the event "like a great, bloody historical pageant"; she concluded that despite its "excellent" cinematography and engaging early battle scenes, 1911 "remains a kind of lavishly illustrated history lesson." Stephen Cole of The Globe and Mail gave the film two out of four stars, criticizing its dour propagandistic depiction of the revolution, stating that "[Jackie] Chan’s film may be about a war and revolution staged in 1911, but it should feel like it was made in 2011. [...] If all his work was as solemn as 1911, he would never have made 100 movies."
Derek Elly of the now-defunct Film Business Asia gave 1911 a five out of ten, criticizing it overall as "routine" and "unengaging" with its actors' performances "lack[ing] any kind of spark", and unfavorably compared the film to The Founding of a Republic and The Founding of a Party. However, Elly considered the film's cinematography to be worthy of praise.
The Economist noted that while the film was endorsed by the Chinese government officials, ticket sales have been poor. It also noted that the film avoided sensitive topics, such as the reforms which led to the revolution.
Other screen works about the 1911 Revolution:
- Towards the Republic, a 2003 television series
- 1911 Revolution, a 2011 television series
- 72 Heroes, a 2011 film
- "辛亥革命 1911".
- "Jackie Chan's '1911' Added as Second Opening Film for Tokyo Fest". The Hollywood Reporter. 8 October 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Smith, Ian Hayden (2012). International Film Guide 2012. p. 131. ISBN 978-1908215017. Retrieved on 6 May 2012.
- "The Xinhai Revolution Start of Filming Ceremony – The Official Website of Jackie Chan". Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- ""1911" Chosen as Opening Film of Tokyo International Film Festival".
- "HKSAR Film No Top 10 Box Office: (2011.03.21) JACKIE CHAN AT WAR HAS ADRENALIN PUMPING".
- Liu, Wei (8 October 2011). "Star shines as Sun". China Daily. China Daily Group. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
- Cremin, Stephen (6 October 2011). "Taiwan govt blocks release of 1911". FilmBiz Asia. Film Business Asia Limited. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011.
- 1911 at Rotten Tomatoes
- 1911 at Metacritic
- "1911 Review". 29 September 2011. Retrieved on 31/7/13
- Lee, Maggie (3 October 2011). "1911: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Hong Kong: MRC Media & Info. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
- Saltz, Rachel (6 October 2011). "Breaking the Chains of Chinese Feudalism". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
- Cole, Stephen (7 October 2011). "1911: Jackie Chan gets serious, and it doesn't work". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011.
- Derek, Elly (26 September 2011). "1911". Film Business Asia. Film Business Asia Limited. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012.
- "Commemorating China's 1911 revolution: From Sun to Mao to now". The Economist. 8 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.