1911 Imperial Conference

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1911 Imperial Conference
Dates 23 May 1911
20 June 1911
Cities United Kingdom London, United Kingdom
Heads of Government 6
Chair H. H. Asquith
(Prime Minister)
Follows 1907 Imperial Conference
Precedes Imperial War Conferences
(1917-1918)
Key points
Imperial constitutional arrangements, Imperial Federation, international relations and treaties

The Imperial Conference of 1911 convened in London on 23 May 1911 and concluded on 20 June 1911. It was held to mark the occasion of the Coronation of George V on 22 June 1911.

The conference discussed Empire-wide constitutional arrangements with proposals by New Zealand's prime minister Sir Joseph Ward for an imperial council made up of representatives of the dominions which would advise the British government on imperial matters. Ward developed this idea into a proposal for an Imperial Parliament (see Imperial Federation) which would be responsible for the Empire's foreign policy including the declaration of war and would be presided over by an Imperial executive. British prime minister H. H. Asquith rejected these proposals as infringing on British autonomy in making foreign policy but he agreed it was necessary to consult with dominion prime ministers on certain matters. Asquith proposed a standing committee on foreign affairs but the dominion prime ministers could not agree on a final resolution.[1]

The conference came to an agreement on the negotiation of treaties that affect various dominions and that the British government would consult the dominions when preparing its proposals for proposed international Peace Conferences and that future international peace treaties and some international agreements would be circulated to the dominions for comment prior to the British government signing them.[1]

Australia expressed concern about Japan's growing naval power and it was agreed that the British government would consult Australia when negotiating renewal of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Britain also agreed to consult South Africa about negotiations with Germany considering its colonial aspirations in Africa.[1]

Participants[edit]

The conference was hosted by King-Emperor George V, with his Prime Ministers and members of their respective cabinets:

Nation Name Portfolio
United Kingdom United Kingdom H. H. Asquith Prime Minister (Chairman)
Lewis Harcourt Secretary of State for the Colonies
David Lloyd George Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sir Edward Grey Foreign Secretary
Lord Loreburn Lord Chancellor
Viscount Haldane Secretary of State for War
Sydney Buxton, President of the Board of Trade
Winston Churchill Home Secretary
Herbert Samuel Postmaster General of the United Kingdom
Sir Rufus Isaacs Attorney General for England and Wales
John Burns President of the Local Government Board
Thomas McKinnon Wood Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Australia Australia Andrew Fisher Prime Minister
Egerton Lee Batchelor Minister for External Affairs
George Pearce Minister for Defence
Canada Canada Sir Wilfrid Laurier Prime Minister
Sir Frederick William Borden Minister of Militia and Defence
Sir Louis-Philippe Brodeur Minister of Marine and Fisheries
Dominion of Newfoundland Newfoundland Sir E. P. Morris Prime Minister
Robert Watson Colonial Secretary
New Zealand New Zealand Sir Joseph Ward Prime Minister
John Findlay Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
South Africa South Africa Louis Botha Prime Minister
F. S. Malan Minister of Education
Sir David Pieter de Villiers Graaff Minister of Public Works and of Posts and Telegraphs

[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historical Dictionary of the British Empire: A-J. London: Greenwood Publishing Group. 1996. pp. 548–549. ISBN 031329366X. 
  2. ^ Minutes of the 1911 Imperial Conference

External links[edit]