1912 in India
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Timeline of Indian history
Events in the year 1912 in India.
- On February 14, 1912, George V gave a speech in the British Parliament about his visit to the imperial colonies and expressed his trust to India people and government he saw during his visit to India in 1911.
- June – the Government of India Bill is passed by which the seat of government is moved from Calcutta to Delhi and changes in the constitution of Bengal and Assam are made
- On December 18–21, 1912 the India National (Missionary) Conference convened in Calcutta. One of its principal conclusions recognized the need for good Christian literature in India. To decide this question the Conference established a committee which by 1914 proposed three series of books aimed at embracing Christian principles.
- On December 29, 1912 India obtained its first Anglican bishop. Vedanayakam Samuel Azariah (1874–1945), the son of an Indian clergyman, educated at Madras Christian College, was consecrated as the First Indian Anglican bishop in St. Paul's Cathedral, Calcutta. There were present 11 British Anglican bishops, and the Governor of Bengal. In ten days Azariah took office in the newly created diocese of Dornakal.
- In 1912 the construction of New Delhi was started. It was decided in 1911 when George V visited India during his travels to the British Empire colonies. The British Viceroy made Sir Edwin Lutyens responsible for the overall plan of Delhi and in 1912 he visited New Delhi to start his work. But the construction itself began only after World War I. Currently New Delhi is considered to be the crowning glory of the British Raj.
- In 1912 India introduced registration of motor vehicles.
- Muslim Indian doctors and nurses were sent to join the Red Crescent organization established in 1912 to provide medical aid for Turkish troops in the Balkan war of 1912.
- Bihar and Orissa provinces were carved out as a separate province from the British Raj.
- In March, Lala Har Dayal wrote an article for Modern Review entitled "Marx: A Modern Rishi", which is believed to be the first Indian article on Marx.
- Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai wrote the biography of Karl Marx (1912) in Malayalam, which was the first Marx biography in any Indian language.
- 27 February – Lawrence Durrell, novelist, poet, dramatist and travel writer – (died 1990 in France).
- 3 July – Hans Raj Khanna, Supreme Court Judge (died 2008).
- 15 September – Russi Karanjia, journalist and editor (died 2008).
- 25 October – Madurai Mani Iyer, Carnatic music singer (died 1968).
- Abdul Hafeez or 'Hafeez Hoshiarpuri', Urdu poet born in Hoshiarpur, Punjab. (died 1973 in Karachi, Pakistan).
- Shankara Ram. M.Varadarajan, Tamil novelist. (died 1974).
- Hafeez Jaunpuri, real name is Haafiz Muhammad Ali, poet, born in 1865 in Jaunpur.
- Rev. Thomas Walker, Indian chief spokesperson of Keswick Convention.
- Theodore L. Pennell, a medical missionary in India, born in 1867.
- "His Majesty King George V Speech". Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Everyman's Dictionary of Dates; 6th ed. J. M. Dent, 1971; p. 262
- John F. Riddick (2006). The History of British India: A Chronology. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-313-32280-8.
- Susan Billington Harper (2000). In the Shadow of the Mahatma: Bishop V.S. Azariah and the Travails of Christianity in British India. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 97, 98. ISBN 978-0-8028-3874-2.
- "British India 1885-1918". Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Peter Hardy (1972). The Muslims of British India. CUP Archive. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-521-09783-3.
- Maia Ramnath (2008). 'The Haj to Utopia': Anti-colonial Radicalism in the South Asian Diaspora, 1905--1930. University of California. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-549-65494-0.
- "Literary Criticism: Western Influence" Archived 2012-03-03 at the Wayback Machine. . PRD, Kerala Government. Retrieved 2008-11-20.