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This article is about the particular significance of the year 1913 to Wales and its people.
- 19 February - Suffragette arson attack on a house being built for David Lloyd George near Walton Heath Golf Club in Surrey. Emmeline Pankhurst, in a speech in Cardiff this evening, claims to have incited this and other incidents.
- 5 June - The last ship built at Porthmadog, Y Gestiana, is launched; on 4 October she is wrecked on her maiden voyage, on the coast of Nova Scotia.
- 14 June - Three years after leaving Cardiff on her fateful voyage to the Antarctic, Captain Robert Falcon Scott's ship Terra Nova returns to the port, commanded by Scott's former comrade Teddy Evans.
- 14 October - Senghenydd Colliery Disaster: 439 men are killed in a mining accident at Universal Colliery, Senghenydd - the worst accident in British mining history. 1913 is the peak year for coal production in Wales.
- 27 October - A tornado hits South Wales, killing four people.
- Diplomat William Henry Hoare Vincent is knighted.
- Carmarthen Farm Institute is founded - the first of its kind.
- Monmouthshire Training College is founded at Caerleon, with Edward Anwyl as its first principal.
- School of Mines founded at Treforest, a predecessor of the University of South Wales.
Arts and literature
- 13 March – Tessie O'Shea, entertainer and actress (d. 1995)
- 29 March - R. S. Thomas, poet (d. 2000)
- 31 March - Dai Rees, golfer (d. 1983)
- 8 May - Tom Rees, Wales international rugby player (d. 1991)
- 27 May - Mervyn Stockwood, Anglican bishop (d. 1995)
- 5 June - Moelwyn Merchant, poet and novelist (d. 1997)
- 6 July - Gwyn Thomas, author (d. 1981)
- 23 July - Michael Foot, politician, MP for Ebbw Vale 1960-1992 (d. 2010)
- 18 December - Eddie Morgan, Wales international rugby player (d. 1978)
- 4 February - Tom Williams, Wales international rugby player and sports administrator, c.52
- 8 February - James Webb, Wales rugby international, 50
- 16 February (in Australia) - Lewis Thomas, colliery proprietor and politician
- 11 March - Godfrey Charles Morgan, 1st Viscount Tredegar, British Army officer, politician and philanthropist, 81
- 19 March - John Thomas (Pencerdd Gwalia), harpist, 87
- 30 March - Sidney Herbert, 14th Earl of Pembroke, politician, 60
- 3 April (in London) - Henry Matthews, 1st Viscount Llandaff, politician, 87
- 15 April - William Jones, Victoria Cross recipient, c.73
- 4 June (in London) - Stuart Rendel, 1st Baron Rendel, politician, 78
- 24 July - Hugh Brython Hughes, children's author, 65
- 17 August - Harry Bowen, Wales international rugby player, 49
- c. 8 October - John Jones (Coch Bach y Bala), notorious criminal, c.59
- 6 November - Sir William Henry Preece, electrical engineer, 79
- 7 November (in Broadstone, Dorset) - Alfred Russel Wallace, scientist, 90
- 19 December (in South Africa) - Bert Gould, Wales international rugby player, 43