1914 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1914.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Anchiceratops[4]

Valid taxon

Almost horned face.
Brachyceratops[5]

Valid taxon

The Short Horned Face
Chasmosaurus[6]

Valid taxon

The Opening Horned Dinosaur
Corythosaurus[7] Valid taxon The Helmet Dinosaur, with a Cassowary-like crest on its head.
Dicraeosaurus[8] Valid taxon A Long-Spined sauropod.

Gorgosaurus[9]

Disputed

Possible junior synonym of Albertosaurus.

Gryposaurus[6] Valid taxon
Leptoceratops[10] Valid taxon

Protorosaurus[6]

Preoccupied

Preoccupied by a non-dinosaurian archosauromorph von Meyer, 1830. Renamed Chasmosaurus.

Stephanosaurus[9]

Nomen dubium

Possible junior synonym of Lambeosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brancasaurus

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Wegner

Berriasian

Isterberg Formation

 Germany

An possibly freshwater dwelling plesiosaur

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lonchodectes

Fam et Gen nov

Valid

Hooley

Late Cretaceous

 UK

An Ornithocheiromorpha pterosaur

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Arctops

Valid

Watson 255 million of years ago An Gorgonopsian.

Mormosaurus

Valid

Watson 270 million of years ago An Dinocephalian.

Moschognathus

Valid

263 million of years ago

Pnigalion

Valid

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ "Previous Work," Trexler (2001); page 300.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Anchiceratops, a new genus of horned dinosaurs from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta, with discussion of the origin of the ceratopsian crests and brain casts of Anchiceratops and Trachodon. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  5. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1914. A new ceratopsian dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana, with a note on Hypacrosaurus. Smithosian Miscellaneous Collections 43: pp. 1-10.
  6. ^ a b c Lambe, L.M. 1914. On Gryposaurus notabilts, a new genus and species of trachodont dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta, with a description of the skull of Chasmosaurus belli. Ottawa Nat. 27: pp. 145-155.
  7. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Corythosaurus casuarius, a new crested dinosaur from the Belly River Cretaceous, with provisional classification of the family Trachodontidae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  8. ^ Janensch, W. 1914. Ubersicht uber die Wirbeltierfauna der Tendaguru-Schichten nebst einer kurzen Charakterisierung der neu aufgefuhrten Arten von Sauropoden. Arch. Biontol. 3: pp. 81-110.
  9. ^ a b Lambe, L.M. 1914. On a new genus and species of carnivorous dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta with a description of the skull of Stephanosaurus marginatus from the same horizon. Ottawa Nat. 28: pp. 13-20.
  10. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Leptoceratops, a new genus of Ceratopsia from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 567- 580.

References[edit]

  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.