1915 World Series
|1915 World Series|
|Umpires||Bill Klem (NL), Silk O'Loughlin (AL), Cy Rigler (NL), Billy Evans (NL)|
|Hall of Famers||Umpires: Bill Klem, Billy Evans Red Sox: Harry Hooper, Herb Pennock (dnp), Babe Ruth, Tris Speaker. |
Phillies: Grover Cleveland Alexander, Dave Bancroft, Eppa Rixey.
In their only World Series before 1950, the Phillies won Game 1 before being swept the rest of the way. It was 65 years before the Phillies won their next Series game. The Red Sox pitching was so strong in the 1915 series that the young Babe Ruth was not used on the mound and only made a single pinch-hitting appearance.
Arrangements for the Series were made on October 2, 1915, in a meeting of the team owners, league presidents and the National Commission at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in midtown Manhattan, New York City. Red Sox owner Joseph Lannin lost the coin toss for home field advantage, and Phillies owner William F. Baker chose to have the first two games of the Series in Philadelphia. The league presidents selected the umpires, and it was announced that J. G. Taylor Spink would be one of the official scorers.
One controversy surrounded the allocation of tickets to the Red Sox' Royal Rooters fan club. Each visiting team was allocated 200 tickets, but the Red Sox requested an additional 400 on behalf of their supporters. The Phillies' Baker Bowl sat only 20,000, and their above-cited owner, William Baker, refused to allocate additional tickets for visiting fans. The matter was resolved by National Commission chairman Garry Herrmann, who gave the Red Sox tickets from the Commission's own Series allocation.
The Phillies won Game 1, 3–1, although The New York Times reporter Hugh Fullerton wrote of the future 300+ game-winning Hall of Famer, "[Grover Cleveland] Alexander pitched a bad game of ball. He had little or nothing" in his review of the game, headed "Nothing but luck saved the Phillies." The Times also reported that a crowd of 10,000 gathered in Manhattan's Times Square to view a real-time mechanical recreation of the game on a giant scoreboard sponsored by the newspaper.
The Phillies were not to win another postseason game until 1977, nor another World Series game until 1980. The Red Sox swept Games 2–5, all by one run, and by identical scores of 2–1 in Games 2–4.
Unlike the 1913 Series, where the home team won only one of the five games, home field was often very much an advantage in the 1915 October classic. Fenway Park, paradoxically the Braves' home field in their 1914 Series sweep of the A's while Braves Field was still being built, had been the home of the Red Sox for four seasons and was fully functional in 1915; yet the Red Sox played their 1915 Series "home" games in the brand-new Braves Field to take advantage of its larger seating capacity. Beyond the added revenue, the long ball was affected by this arrangement, as follows:
- In the top of the third inning of Game 3 at Boston, with two out, one run in and two runners in scoring position, Phillies' slugger "Cactus" Gavvy Cravath hit a line drive to deep left field which was caught for a harmless inning-ending out in the spacious Braves Field outfield. In Fenway or Philadelphia's Baker Bowl, it might have been a home run or at least an extra-base hit which might have turned the Series around.
- The Phillies had packed some extra outfield seats into their already-small bandbox of a ballfield, shortening the distance from home to the outfield wall even more. This proved crucial in the decisive Game 5, in which Boston's Harry Hooper twice homered over the moved-in center field fence and Duffy Lewis followed suit. In Braves Field, those would have been extra-base hits at best. Both of Hooper's hits, including the eventual game-winner in the top of the ninth, actually bounced over the fence and were home runs by the rules of that era although they would have been only ground-rule doubles by present-day rules.
|1||October 8||Boston Red Sox – 1, Philadelphia Phillies – 3||Baker Bowl||1:58||19,343|
|2||October 9||Boston Red Sox – 2, Philadelphia Phillies – 1||Baker Bowl||2:05||20,306|
|3||October 11||Philadelphia Phillies – 1, Boston Red Sox – 2||Braves Field||1:48||42,300|
|4||October 12||Philadelphia Phillies – 1, Boston Red Sox – 2||Braves Field||2:05||41,096|
|5||October 13||Boston Red Sox – 5, Philadelphia Phillies – 4||Baker Bowl||2:15||20,306|
|WP: Grover Cleveland Alexander (1–0) LP: Ernie Shore (0–1)|
Alexander scattered eight hits, winning 3-1, in giving the Phillies their only win in the series.
|WP: Rube Foster (1–0) LP: Erskine Mayer (0–1)|
Rube Foster pitched a 3-hitter, allowing no walks, helping his own cause with the game-winning RBI single in the top of the ninth.
|WP: Dutch Leonard (1–0) LP: Grover Cleveland Alexander (1–1)|
Dutch Leonard and Grover Cleveland Alexander engaged in a classic pitcher's duel, Leonard retiring the last 20 Phillies to face him, winning 2-1 on an RBI single by Duffy Lewis in the bottom of the 9th.
|WP: Ernie Shore (1–1) LP: George Chalmers (0–1)|
Ernie Shore held the Phillies scoreless until the eighth inning, winning 2-1, giving the Red Sox a 3-1 lead in the series.
|WP: Rube Foster (2–0) LP: Eppa Rixey (0–1)|
BOS: Harry Hooper 2 (2), Duffy Lewis (1)
PHI: Fred Luderus (1)
The Red Sox won on three home runs by two of their outfielders, two cheapies by Harry Hooper (see above) and one by Duffy Lewis. Those were the only round-trippers in the entire Series, the first four games being pitchers' duels. The Phillies were held to a weak .182 team batting average in the 5-game set.
Composite line score
|Boston Red Sox||1||1||2||1||0||1||0||3||3||12||42||4|
|Total attendance: 143,351 Average attendance: 28,670|
Winning player's share: $3,780 Losing player's share: $2,520
- "World's Series Starts on Friday" (PDF). The New York Times. October 3, 1915. Retrieved June 3, 2009.
- Fullerton, Hugh S. (October 9, 1915). "Nothing but luck saved the Phillies" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- "1915 World Series Game 1 – Boston Red Sox vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1915 World Series Game 2 – Boston Red Sox vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1915 World Series Game 3 – Philadelphia Phillies vs. Boston Red Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1915 World Series Game 4 – Philadelphia Phillies vs. Boston Red Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1915 World Series Game 5 – Boston Red Sox vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903–1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 57–60. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
- Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Macmillan Publishing. p. 2123. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.