1915 in literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1915 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- January 13 - "Reminiscences of Sergeant Michael Cassidy", the first known story by Captain H. C. McNeile, Royal Engineers, writing as "Sapper", begins publication in the Daily Mail (London).
- February 28 - Rupert Brooke sails with the British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force; during the campaign he develops sepsis from an infected mosquito bite, which ends with his death in a hospital ship off Skyros. His collection 1914 & Other Poems, including the sonnet "The Soldier", is published posthumously in May.
- April 6 - Publication in London of the American Ezra Pound's poetry collection Cathay, "translations... for the most part of the Chinese of Rihaku, from the notes of the late Ernest Fenollosa, and the decipherings of the Professors Mori and Ariga", by Elkin Mathews.
- April 24 - Deportation of Armenian notables from Istanbul begins. Among literary deportees killed as part of the Armenian Genocide are Dikran Chökürian, Armen Dorian, Melkon Giurdjian, Ardashes Harutiunian, Jacques Sayabalian, Ruben Sevak, Siamanto, Rupen Zartarian and actor Yenovk Shahen; survivors include Yervant Odian and Alexander Panossian.
- May 3 - The rondeau "In Flanders Fields" is written by Canadian poet John McCrae; it is first published on December 8 in the London magazine Punch.
- May 7 - Sinking of the RMS Lusitania: Americans among the 1,198 killed in this torpedo attack on a civilian passenger liner include: writer and playwright Justus Miles Forman (b. 1875); theatrical producer Charles Frohman (b. 1856); writer and philosopher Elbert Hubbard (b. 1856) and his second wife Alice Moore Hubbard (b. 1861); and playwright Charles Klein (b. 1867). Survivors include British-born writer and educator Ian Holbourn and bookseller Charles E. Lauriat, Jr.
- May 13 - While Julian Grenfell stands talking with other officers, a shell lands a few yards away, and a splinter hits him in the head. He is taken to a hospital in Boulogne, where he dies 13 days later. His poem "Into Battle" is published in The Times the day after his death. His younger brother Gerald William (Billy) Grenfell is killed in action 2 months later.
- c. May - Publication of the first modern book illustrated with wood engravings, Frances Cornford's Spring Morning (published by The Poetry Bookshop, London) with engravings by the poet's cousin Gwen Raverat.
- June 24 - Dedication of Widener Library at Harvard University.
- June 26–August 14 - P. G. Wodehouse's novel Something Fresh is serialized in The Saturday Evening Post (U.S.) introducing the character Lord Emsworth of Blandings Castle; it is first published as a book on September 3 in New York by D. Appleton & Company and on September 16 in London by Methuen & Company.
- August–December - Ezra Pound is completing the first sections of his poem The Cantos.
- September 15 - P. G. Wodehouse's short story "Extricating Young Gussie" is published in The Saturday Evening Post (U.S.) introducing the characters Jeeves and Bertie.
- September 30 - D. H. Lawrence's novel The Rainbow is published in London, immediately prosecuted under the Obscene Publications Act 1857 and suppressed by his publisher, Methuen.
- October - Franz Kafka's seminal novella The Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) is first published in Die Weißen Blätter (Leipzig). Kafka finishes writing The Trial (Der Process) this year, but it will not be published until 1925, the year after his death.
- October 15 - Detective Story Magazine is first published by Street & Smith of New York, a successor to Nick Carter Stories.
- November - German author Heinrich Mann publishes an essay on Émile Zola (in Die Weißen Blätter) celebrating Zola's political commitment and attacking the economic causes of the War, temporarily rupturing Mann's relationship with his younger brother, the novelist Thomas Mann.
- James Joyce, Tristan Tzara and Vladimir Lenin all take up residence in Zürich.
- Alfred A. Knopf, Sr., establishes the Alfred A. Knopf publishing house in New York City.
- The Goudy Old Style serif typeface is created by Frederic Goudy for American Type Founders.
- 'Victor Appleton' - Tom Swift and His Aerial Warship
- Ruby M. Ayres - Richard Chatterton, V.C.
- Mariano Azuela - The Underdogs (Los de abajo)
- L. Frank Baum
- Stella Benson - I Pose
- John Buchan - The Thirty-nine Steps
- Frances Hodgson Burnett - The Lost Prince
- Edgar Rice Burroughs - The Return of Tarzan
- Willa Cather - The Song of the Lark
- Joseph Conrad - Victory
- Arthur Conan Doyle - The Valley of Fear
- Theodore Dreiser - The Genius
- Caradoc Evans - My People (story collection)
- Ronald Firbank - Vainglory
- Ford Madox Ford - The Good Soldier
- Charlotte Perkins Gilman - Herland
- Anna Katharine Green - The Golden Slipper, and Other Problems for Violet Strange
- D. H. Lawrence - The Rainbow
- Jack London - The Little Lady of the Big House
- Arthur Machen
- The Bowmen; and Other Legends of the War
- The Great Return
- W. Somerset Maugham - Of Human Bondage
- Oscar Micheaux - The Forged Note: A Romance Of The Darker Races
- Mori Ogai - Sansho the Steward (Sanshō Dayū 山椒大夫)
- E. Phillips Oppenheim - The Game of Liberty
- Baroness Orczy
- P. D. Ouspensky - Strange Life of Ivan Osokin (Странная жизнь Ивана Осокина)
- Eleanor H. Porter - Pollyanna Grows Up
- Dorothy Richardson - Pointed Roofs
- Sax Rohmer - The Yellow Claw
- Rafael Sabatini - The Sea Hawk
- Ruth Sawyer - The Primrose Ring
- Russell Thorndike - Doctor Syn: A Tale of the Romney Marsh
- Gerdt von Bassewitz - Peter and Anneli's Journey to the Moon (Peterchens Mondfahrt; book publication, illustrated by Hans Baluschek)
- Jean Webster - Dear Enemy
- H. G. Wells - Boon
- Luang Wilatpariwat - Khwam mai phayabat ("No Vendetta"; first full-length Thai novel, adapted from English)
- Harry Leon Wilson - Ruggles of Red Gap
- P. G. Wodehouse - Something Fresh
- Virginia Woolf - The Voyage Out
- Susan Glaspell - Suppressed Desires
- Avery Hopwood - Fair and Warmer
- Agha Hashar Kashmiri - Bilwamangal
- Cleves Kinkead - Common Clay
- Horace Annesley Vachell - The Case of Lady Camber
- John Hay Beith - The First Hundred Thousand
- John Buchan - Nelson's History of the War (begun)
- Hall Caine - The Drama of 365 Days: Scenes in the Great War
- Friedrich Naumann - Mitteleuropa
- Mary Sinclair - A Journal of Impressions in Belgium
- Percy Sykes - A History of Persia
- Zhonghua Da Zidian (Chinese dictionary)
Main article: 1915 in poetry
- T. S. Eliot - The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
- H. B. Elliott, ed. - Lest We Forget: A War Anthology
- Geoffrey Faber - Interflow, Poems Mainly Lyrical
- Francis Ledwidge - Songs of the Fields
- Vladimir Mayakovsky - A Cloud in Trousers
- Alice Meynell - Poems of the War
- Jessie Pope - Jessie Pope's War Poems and More War Poems
- January 1 – Branko Ćopić, Bosnian Serb writer (suicide 1984)
- February 2 – Khushwant Singh, Indian novelist and journalist (died 2014)
- March 13 – Protiva Bose (Ranu Shome), Bengali singer and writer (died 2006)
- March 18 – Richard Condon, American novelist (died 1996)
- May 8 – Milton Meltzer, American historian and author (died 2009)
- May 12 – Joe David Brown, American novelist and journalist (died 1976)
- June 10 – Saul Bellow, American writer (died 2005)
- July 1
- July 7 – Margaret Walker, American poet and novelist (died 1998)
- July 14 – Jerome Lawrence, American dramatist (died 2004)
- July 31 – Herbert Aptheker, American historian (died 2003)
- August 19 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American journalist and screenwriter (died 2000)
- August 28 – Claude Roy, French poet (died 1997)
- August 30 – Jack Simmons, English historian (died 2000)
- October 17 – Arthur Miller, American dramatist (died 2005)
- October 24 – Marghanita Laski, English biographer, novelist and broadcaster (died 1988)
- November 8 – G. S. Fraser, Scottish poet and critic (died 1980)
- November 12 – Roland Barthes, French literary theorist (died 1980)
- December 22 – David Martin, Hungarian-born Australian poet (died 1997)
- December 27 – John Cornford, English poet (died 1936)
- January 3 – James Elroy Flecker, English poet, novelist and dramatist (tuberculosis, born 1884)
- February 4 – Mary Elizabeth Braddon, English popular novelist (born 1837)
- April 8 – Louis Pergaud, French novelist (killed in action, born 1882)
- April 23 – Rupert Brooke, English war poet (blood poisoning, born 1887)
- May 11 – Lucy Bethia Walford, Scottish novelist and artist (born 1845)
- May 26 – Julian Grenfell, English war poet (killed in action, born 1888)
- July 5 – Aurelio Tolentino, Filipino dramatist (born 1867)
- September 27 – Remy de Gourmont, French Symbolist poet, novelist, and critic (stroke, born 1858)
- November 14 – Booker T. Washington, American writer and educator (born 1856)
- December 23 – Roland Leighton, English war poet (died of wounds, born 1895)
- Edmond Laforest, Haitian French-language poet (suicide, born 1876)
- James Agee's autobiographical novel A Death in the Family (published posthumously in 1957) is based on events of this year.
- p. 4. Jaillant, Lise (2011). "Sapper, Hodder & Stoughton, and the Popular Literature of the Great War". Book History (Johns Hopkins University Press) 14: 140. ISSN 1098-7371.
- "Royal Naval Division service record (extract)". The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
- Moody, David A. (2007). Ezra Pound, Poet: A Portrait of the Man and His Work, Volume I, The Young Genius 1885–1920. Oxford University Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-19-957146-8.
- Gillmor, Don (2001). Canada: A People's History 2. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart. p. 93. ISBN 0-7710-3341-9.
- Mosley, Nicholas (1976). Julian Grenfell: His Life and the Times of his Death 1888–1915. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0297770934.
- "Second Lieutenant Gerald William Grenfell". Find a Grave. 2005-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- Balston, Thomas (1949). Wood-engraving in Modern English Books. London: National Book League.
- McIlvaine, Eileen; Sherby, Louise S.; Heineman, James H. (1990). P. G. Wodehouse: A comprehensive bibliography and checklist. New York: James H. Heineman. pp. 27–28. ISBN 0-87008125-X.
- "BK. Ezra Pound and the Invention of Japan". Japonisme, Orientalism, Mysticism. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Jg. 2 pp. 1177–1230.
- Liukkonen, Petri. "Heinrich Mann". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.
- A coincidence exploited in Tom Stoppard's 1974 play Travesties.
- "A History of Persia". World Digital Library. 1921. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
- Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. (1987). "Editor's Introduction: Writing 'Race' and the Difference It Makes". Race, Writing and Difference. University of Chicago Press. p. 13.