1916 Rose Bowl
|1916 Tournament East-West football game|
|2nd Rose Bowl Game|
|Date||January 1, 1916|
|MVP||Carl Dietz, Washington State|
|Favorite||Brown by 2 to 1|
Originally titled the "Tournament East-West football game," the second of what is now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played on January 1, 1916. The Rose Bowl game has been played annually since this game.
The first game, the 1902 Tournament East-West football game, was so lopsided that for the next 13 years, the Tournament of Roses officials ran chariot races, ostrich races, and other various events instead of football. But, on New Year's Day 1916, football returned to stay as Washington State University defeated Brown University in this first annual Tournament of Roses football game.
Before the Rose Bowl stadium was built for the 1923 Rose Bowl Game, games were played in Pasadena's Tournament Park, approximately three miles southeast of the current stadium. It is best known for being the site of the first Rose Bowl Game in 1902, and the second to eighth Rose Bowl Games from 1916 to 1922 before the Rose Bowl opened in 1923. Its capacity at the time was 43,000 people.
The 1915 Brown University Bruins lost 7–0 to Amherst, 6–0 to Syracuse, and 16–7 to Harvard. They had a scoreless tie with Trinity. Brown outscored its opponents 167–32 that year, beating Rhode Island 38–0, Williams 33–0, Vermont 46–0, Yale 3-0 and Carlisle 39–3. Brown was chosen as the Eastern representative with a 5–3–1 record.
The Tournament of Roses committee were responsible for selecting and inviting the teams. The Bruin victories over Yale and Carlisle were deciding factors for inviting Brown to participate.
Fritz Pollard became the first African-American to play in the Rose Bowl Game. He was limited to 47 yards in 13 carries during the game. Wallace Wade played on the line. The game was played in a cold quagmire of mud from several days of rain..
|3||WSU||Ralph Boone 3 yard rush, Arthur Durham kick||WSU 7–0|
|4||WSU||Carl Dietz 4 yard rush, Arthur Durham kick||WSU 14–0|
|Team Stats||Wash. St.||Brown|
|Net Yards Rushing||313||74|
|Net Yards Passing||0||12|
Coach William Henry Dietz and his Washington State squad served as extras in the football film Tom Brown of Harvard each morning and then practiced for the bowl game in the afternoon. They were paid $100 for the movie work.
The Tournament of Roses organization continues to have a college football game to this day as part of the New Year's Day celebrations.
The Western and Northern universities permitted minority players, a situation that would eventually lead to the Pacific Coast Conference - Big Nine conference agreement for the 1947 Rose Bowl. Most Southern universities were still segregated until the 1960s. None of the Southeastern Conference schools had an African American athlete until 1966. The Cotton Bowl, Orange Bowl, and Sugar Bowl would not be integrated until 1948, 1955, and 1956 respectively.
Carl Dietz, the Washington State fullback, was named the Most Valuable Player of the game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively. Later, Pollard was the first black named to the Walter Camp All-America team and became the first black NFL head coach.
The official 2007 NCAA Division I football records book lists the attendance at 7,000. Washington State listed at 10,000 in its media guide.
The quarterback of the Washington State University team, Thomas Arthur Durham, eventually had a successful Naval career, rising to the rank of Commodore.! He retired as a rear admiral in 1950.
- Washington State Cougars in the 1916 Rose Bowl Archived November 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. - Washington State athletic department
- Bowl Games: College Football's Greatest Tradition, by Robert Ours, 2004, pgs. 3-4
- MacCambridge, Michael (2005). ESPN College Football Encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: ESPN Books. p. 1440. ISBN 1-4013-3703-1.
- football, gridiron. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: www.britannica.com/eb/article-234274. Football in the United States - The racial transformation of American football. Encyclopædia Britannica
- 2008 Rose Bowl Program Archived 2008-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., 2008 Rose Bowl. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
- Official 2007 NCAA Division I football records book - PDF copy available at NCAA.org
- Maxwell Stiles - The Rose Bowl: A Complete Action and Pictorial Exposition of Rose Bowl Football, Sportsmaster Publications (1946), ASIN: B0007FBNU4
- Brown University Football Media guide (PDF copy available at brownbears.cstv.com)