1917 in Russia
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|Years in Russia:||1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920|
Events from the year 1917 in Russia
- Monarch – Nicholas II (until March 15)
- Chairman of Provisional Government- Georgy Lvov (15 March - 21 July) Alexander Kerensky (21 July- 7 November)
- Premier of the Soviet Union - Vladimir Lenin (starting 7 November)
- March 8
- March 12 – The Duma declares a Provisional Government.
- March 15 (N.S.) (March 2, O.S.) – Emperor Nicholas II of Russia abdicates his and his son's claims. This is considered to be the end of the Russian Empire.
- March 17 (N.S.) (March 4, O.S.) – Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia refuses the throne, and power passes to the Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov.
- March 25 – The Georgian Orthodox Church restores the autocephaly abolished in 1811.
- April 8 (N.S.) (March 26, O.S.) – In Petrograd, 40,000 ethnic Estonians demand national autonomy.
- April 12 (N.S.) (March 30 O.S.) – The Autonomous Governorate of Estonia is formed within Russia from the Governorate of Estonia and the Northern part of the Governorate of Livonia.
- April 16
- July 6 – World War I:
- July 16–July 17 – Russian troops mutiny, abandon the Austrian front and retreat to the Ukraine; hundreds are shot by their commanding officers during the retreat.
- July 16–July 18 – Clashes in Petrograd in July Days; Lenin escapes to Finland; Trotsky is arrested.
- July 20
- The Parliament of Finland, with a Social Democratic majority, passes a "Sovereignty Act", declaring itself, as the representative of the Finnish people, sovereign over the Grand Principality of Finland. The Russian Provisional Government does not recognize the act.
- (July 7, O.S.) – Alexander Kerensky becomes premier of the Russian Provisional Government.
- The Russian Provisional Government enacts women's suffrage.
- July 20–July 28 – WWI: Austrian and German forces repulse the Russian advance into Galicia.
- July 30 – The Parliament of Finland is dissolved by the Russian Provisional Government.
- September 14 – Russia is declared a republic by the Provisional Government.
- September 23 – Leon Trotsky is elected Chairman of the Petrograd Soviet.
- September 25 – The Mossovet (Moscow Soviet of People's Deputies) votes to side with the Bolsheviks.
- October 25 (O.S.) (November 7, N.S.) – Traditional beginning date of the October Revolution and Russian Civil War.
- November 5 (N.S.) (October 23, O.S.) – Estonian communists seize power in Tallinn, Autonomous Governorate of Estonia.
- Militants from Trotsky's committee join with Bolshevik soldiers to seize government buildings and pounce on members of the provisional government.
- November 7
- (N.S.) (October 25, O.S.) – October Revolution in Russia: The workers of the Petrograd Soviet in Russia, led by the Bolshevik Party and leader Vladimir Lenin, storm the Winter Palace and successfully destroy the Kerensky Provisional Government.
- Iran refuses to support the Allied Forces after the October Revolution.
- The Parliament of Finland passes another "Sovereignty Act", dissolving Russian sovereignty over Finland.
- December 6
- The Senate of Finland officially declares the country's independence from Russia.
- December 20 – The Cheka is established in Russia.
- Following the October Revolution, Alexandra Kollontai is appointed People's Commissar for Social Welfare in the Council of People's Commissars of the Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, making her the first woman cabinet minister in Europe.
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