1917 in the United States
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|1917 in the United States|
|Years:||1914 1915 1916 – 1917 – 1918 1919 1920|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1917 in the United States.
- President: Woodrow Wilson (D-New Jersey)
- Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (D-Indiana)
- Chief Justice: Edward Douglass White (originally now residing in from of the U.S. state of Louisiana)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Champ Clark (D-Missouri)
- Congress: 64th (until March 4), 65th (starting March 4)
- January 1 – The University of Oregon defeats the University of Pennsylvania 14–0 in college football's 3rd Annual Rose Bowl.
- January 11 – German saboteurs set off the Kingsland Explosion at Kingsland, New Jersey (now Lyndhurst), one of the events leading to U.S. involvement in World War I.
- January 22 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
- January 25
- The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $30 million.
- An anti-prostitution drive in San Francisco attracts huge crowds to public meetings. At one meeting attended by 7,000 people, 20,000 are kept out for lack of room. In a conference with Rev. Paul Smith, an outspoken foe of prostitution, 300 prostitutes make a plea for toleration, explaining they had been forced into the practice by poverty. When Smith asks if they will take other work at $8 to $10 a week, the ladies laugh derisively, which loses them public sympathy. The police close about 200 houses of prostitution shortly thereafter. 
- January 28 – The United States ends its search for Pancho Villa.
- January 30 – Pershing's troops in Mexico begin withdrawing back to the United States. They reach Columbus, Ohio February 5.
- February 3 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany.
- February 24 – World War I: United States ambassador to the United Kingdom, Walter H. Page, is shown the intercepted Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany offers to give the American Southwest back to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
- February 26 – The Original Dixieland Jass Band records their first commercial record, with the tunes "Livery Stable Blues" and "Dixie Jazz Band One Step".
- March 1 – The U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
- March 2 – The enactment of the Jones Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.
- March 4
- March 8 – The United States Senate adopts the cloture rule in order to limit filibusters.
- March 31 – The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies, which become the US Virgin Islands, after paying $25 million to Denmark.
- April 2 – World War I: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson asks the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.
- April 6 – An explosion in Chester, Pennsylvania kills 133.
- May 18 – World War I: The Selective Service Act passes the U.S. Congress, giving the President the power of conscription.
- May 21 – Over 300 acres (73 blocks) are destroyed in the Great Atlanta fire of 1917.
- May 26 – A tornado strikes Mattoon, Illinois, causing devastation and killing 101 people.
- June 4 – The very first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for a biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert Bayard Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.
- June 5 – World War I: Conscription begins in the United States.
- June 15 – The United States enacts the Espionage Act.
- July 1 – A labor dispute ignites a race riot in East St. Louis, Illinois, which leaves 250 dead.
- July 12 – The Phelps Dodge Corporation deports over 1,000 suspected IWW members from Bisbee, Arizona.
- July 28 – The Silent Protest is organized by the NAACP in New York to protest the East St. Louis Riot of July 2, as well as lynchings in Texas and Tennessee.
- August – The Green Corn Rebellion, an uprising by several hundred farmers against the World War I draft, takes place in central Oklahoma.
- August 3 – The New York Guard is founded.
- August 23 – Following the detention of an African American soldier, 150 soldiers of the 24th Infantry Regiment march on Houston in what would be called the Houston Riot; four soldiers and 15 civilians die.
- October 12 – The first regiment is stationed at the newly commissioned Naval Operating Base in Norfolk, VA.
- October 19 – Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
- November 14 – Night of Terror: The superintendent of the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia orders the guards to brutalize the suffragist inmates.
- November 17 – Action of 17 November 1917: United States Navy destroyers USS Fanning and USS Nicholson capture Imperial German Navy U-boat SM U-58 off the south-west coast of Ireland, the first combat action in which U.S. ships take a submarine (which is then scuttled).
- November 24 – In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 9 members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most fatal single event in U.S. police history until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
- December 25 – Why Marry?, the first dramatic play to win a Pulitzer Prize, opens at the Astor Theatre in New York City.
- December 26 – United States president Woodrow Wilson uses the Federal Possession and Control Act to place most U.S. railroads under the United States Railroad Administration, hoping to more efficiently transport troops and materials for the war effort.
- The Messenger (magazine) and The Liberator (magazine) begin publication.
- The last male Carolina Parakeet dies in Cincinnati Zoo.
- Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
- Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
- U.S. occupation of Haiti (1915–1934)
- Pancho Villa Expedition (1916–1917)
- World War I, U.S. involvement (1917–1918)
- First Red Scare (1917–1920)
- January 29 – David Rubitsky, American sergeant (died 2013)
- May 29
- June 10 – Al Schwimmer, American-born Israeli businessman, founder of Israel Aerospace Industries (died 2011 in Israel)
- August 12 – LeRoy Grannis, surfing photographer (died 2011)
- August 18
- October 10 – Thelonious Monk, jazz pianist and composer considered "one of the giants of American music" (died 1982)
- October 21 – Dizzy Gillespie, jazz trumpet player, bandleader, singer, and composer (died 1993)
- November 12 – Jo Stafford, pop singer (died 2008)
- November 20 – Robert Byrd, United States Senator from West Virginia from 1959 until 2010 (died 2010)
|This section requires expansion. (August 2011)|
- March 13 – Samuel Pasco, British-born United States Senator from Florida from 1887 till 1899. (born 1834)
- May 19 – Alexander Caldwell, United States Senator from Kansas from 1871 till 1873. (born 1830)
- August 17 – John W. Kern, United States Senator from Indiana from 1911 to 1917. (born 1849)
- November 15 – John W. Foster, journalist and politician (born 1836)
- December 28 – John Thornton, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1910 till 1915. (born 1846)
- Hampton Roads Naval Historical Foundation (February 2014). Images of America: Naval Station Norfolk. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7.
- Anne Cipriano Venzon, ed. (1995). United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-68453-2.
- Media related to 1917 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
- "1917". Timeline. Digital Public Library of America.