1918 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1908 . 1909 . 1910 . 1911 . 1912 . 1913 . 1914 ...
1915 1916 1917 -1918- 1919 1920 1921
... 1922 . 1923 . 1924 . 1925 . 1926 . 1927 . 1928 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- June 8 - Nova Aquila, the brightest observed since 1604, is discovered.
- Kiyotsugu Hirayama identifies several groups of main belt asteroids, now known as Hirayama families.
- Harlow Shapley demonstrates that globular clusters are arranged in a spheroid or halo whose center is not the Earth, but the center of the galaxy.
- Max Wolf discovers the star Wolf 359.
- Heber Curtis discovers a relativistic jet of matter emerging from Elliptical Galaxy M87.
- February 21 - The last known Carolina Parakeet (the only parrot species native to the eastern United States) dies in Cincinnati Zoo.
- R. A. Fisher puts forward a genetic model that shows that continuous variation could be the result of Mendelian inheritance in his paper "The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance".
- J. Henri Fabre's The Sacred Beetle, and others published in English.
- Jacques Loeb's Forced Movements, Tropisms, and Animal Conduct published in the United States.
- February 23 - Arthur Scherbius applies to patent the Enigma machine.
- Edward Hugh Hebern patents the Hebern rotor machine.
- Felix Hausdorff introduces the concept of the fractional Hausdorff dimension.
- Gaston Julia describes the iteration of a rational function.
- January - 1918 flu pandemic: "Spanish 'flu" (influenza) first observed in Haskell County, Kansas.
- June–August - "Spanish 'flu" becomes pandemic.
- September 7 - J. B. Christopherson publishes his discovery that antimony potassium tartrate is an effective cure for bilharzia.
- Josef Lense and Hans Thirring find the gravitomagnetic precession of gyroscopes in the equations of general relativity.
- Hans Reissner and Gunnar Nordström solve the Einstein and Maxwell field equations for charged spherically-symmetric non-rotating systems.
- Friedrich Kottler gets Schwarzschild solution without Einstein vacuum field equations.
- Edwin Armstrong invents the superheterodyne receiver.
- Theodore von Karman and Asbóth Oszkár build the first co-axial helicopter.
- A. M. Nicolson invents the radio crystal oscillator
- Charles Strite invents the pop-up toaster.
- January 23 - Gertrude B. Elion (died 1999), pharmacologist, Nobel laureate.
- January 27 - Antonín Mrkos (died 1996), astronomer.
- March 16 - Frederick Reines (died 1998), physicist.
- April 4 - Joseph Ashbrook (died 1980), astronomer.
- April 25 - Gérard de Vaucouleurs (died 1995), astronomer.
- May 11 - Richard Feynman (died 1988), physicist, Nobel laureate.
- June 6 - Edwin G. Krebs (died 2009), Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist.
- July 15 - Bertram N. Brockhouse (died 2003), physicist.
- July 16 - Samuel Victor Perry (died 2009), English biochemist who was a pioneer in the field of muscle biochemistry.
- August 13 - Frederick Sanger (died 2013), double Nobel Prize-winning English molecular biologist.
- August 29 - John Herivel (died 2011), cryptanalyst and science historian.
- September 27 - Martin Ryle (died 1984), astronomer.
- October 4 - Adrian Kantrowitz (died 2008), cardiac surgeon.
- November 10 - Ernst Otto Fischer (died 2007), chemist, Nobel laureate.
- November 19 - Hendrik C. van de Hulst (died 2000), astronomer.
- December 25 - Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova (died 2001), astronomer.
- December - John R.F. Jeffreys (died 1944), mathematician and cryptanalysist.
- January 6 - Georg Cantor (born 1845), mathematician.
- January 26 - Ewald Hering (born 1834), physiologist.
- January 31 - Ivan Pulyui (born 1845), physicist.
- April 20 - Karl Ferdinand Braun (born 1850), physicist.
- May 31 - Alexander Mitscherlich (born 1836), chemist.
- June 27 - George Mary Searle (born 1839), astronomer.
- June 29 - Alfred Senier (born 1853), chemist.
- September 7 - Peter Ludwig Mejdell Sylow (born 1832), mathematician.
- October 28 - Ulisse Dini (born 1845), mathematician.
- November 3 - Aleksandr Lyapunov (born 1857), mathematician and physicist.
- November 29 - Thomas Allinson (born 1858), physician and dietetic reformer.
- December 26 - William Hampton Patton (born 1853), entomologist.
- December 27 - Birt Acres (born 1854), pioneer of cinematography.
- Singh, Simon (1999). The Code Book: the Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography. London: Fourth Estate. p. 127. ISBN 1-85702-879-1.
- Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8.
- "Mémoire sur l'itération des fonctions rationnelles". Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées 8: 47–245.
- Barry, John M. (c2004, 2005). The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books.
- "La Grippe Espagnole de 1918". Institut Pasteur. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- Christopherson, J. B. (1918). "The Successful Use of Antimony in Bilharziosis". The Lancet 192 (4958): 325. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)02807-0. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- U.S. patent #1,394,450 on October 18, 1921.