1919 Stanley Cup Finals

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1919 Stanley Cup Finals
12345 Total
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 04204 2
Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 72703 2
* – overtime periods
Location(s)Seattle: Seattle Ice Arena
CoachesMontreal: Newsy Lalonde
Seattle: Pete Muldoon
DatesMarch 19–29
Hall of FamersCanadiens:
Joe Hall (1961)
Newsy Lalonde (1950)
Joe Malone (1950)
Didier Pitre (1963)
Georges Vezina (1945)
Frank Foyston (1958)
Hap Holmes (1972)
Jack Walker (1960)
Newsy Lalonde (1950, player)
← 1918 Stanley Cup Finals 1920 →

The 1919 Stanley Cup Finals was the ice hockey playoff series to determine the 1919 Stanley Cup champions. The series was cancelled due to an outbreak of Spanish flu after five games had been played, and no champion was declared. It was the only time in the history of the Stanley Cup that it was not awarded due to a no-decision after playoffs were held.[1][2]

The series was a rematch of the 1917 Stanley Cup Finals and the first since the armistice to end World War I.[3] Hosting the series in Seattle was the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) champion Seattle Metropolitans, playing against the National Hockey League (NHL) champion Montreal Canadiens. Both teams had won two games, lost two, and tied one before health officials were forced to cancel the deciding game of the series.[2] Most of the Canadiens players and their manager George Kennedy fell ill with the flu and were hospitalized, leaving only three healthy players.[1] The flu claimed the life of Canadiens defenceman Joe Hall four days later.[4] Kennedy was permanently weakened by his illness, and it led to his death in 1921.[2][5]

Paths to the Finals[edit]

1919 Seattle Metropolitans

The Canadiens won the first half of the 1918–19 NHL regular season while the Ottawa Senators won the second half, setting up a best-of-seven series between the two clubs to determine the NHL title. Montreal ended up winning the series, four games to one.[1]

Meanwhile, the Metropolitans finished the 1919 PCHA regular season in second place with an 11–9 record, behind the 12–8 Vancouver Millionaires. The two teams then faced off in a two-game total-goals championship series. Hours before the puck dropped for Game One, Metropolitans leading scorer Bernie Morris was arrested by United States authorities for alleged draft dodging.[2][6] Without Morris, Seattle won game one 6–1 after Frank Foyston notched a hat trick, essentially ending the aggregate goals series. Vancouver recorded a 4–1 victory in game two, but lost the series to the Metropolitans by a combined score of 7–5. Morris was ultimately sentenced to two years hard labor at the U.S. Military Prison - Alcatraz, though his conviction was overturned after one year when he was granted an honorable discharge from the U.S. Army and sent straight to Ottawa for the 1920 Stanley Cup Finals.[7]

Game summaries[edit]

All of the games were held at the Seattle Ice Arena. As with previous Stanley Cup series, the differing rules for the leagues alternated each game. PCHA rules were to be used in games one, three, and five; and NHL rules were to be used in games two and four. The actual game five used NHL rules, as it was considered a replay of game four.[8] Seattle dominated Montreal under PCHA rules, scoring two in the first, three in the second, and a further two in the third.[9] Corbeau of Montreal was injured but finished the game and continued to play in the series as a substitute.[10]

The Canadiens evened the series in game two with Newsy Lalonde scoring all of Montreal's goals. Montreal took the lead and never relinquished it, although Seattle scored two in 32 seconds in the third to make it close. Joe Hall took a puck to the nose on a deliberate play by Cully Wilson, but the rough tactics did not continue as Seattle tried to catch up.[11]

Back under PCHA rules, the Metropolitans won game three, 7–2. Seattle scored four goals in the first to take a commanding lead. No goals were scored in the second. In the third, Seattle prevented any comeback, outscoring Montreal 3–2.[12]

Game four has been considered one of the greatest hockey games ever played, ending in a scoreless tie after 20 minutes of overtime, with Seattle's Hap Holmes and Montreal's Georges Vézina blocking every shot.[2][13][14] At the end of the first period, the Mets' Cully Wilson scored a goal, but Hall of Fame referee Mickey Ion waved it off, deciding it was scored just after he had blown the period's final whistle. Near the close of the second overtime, Berlinguette of Montreal had a chance to win it but missed by inches. Wilson of Seattle mixed it up with Berlinguette, who had to leave the ice. As players lay collapsed across the ice, the crowd gave both teams an ovation after the game in appreciation of the teams' play.[15]

Between games four and five, discussions were made about which rules to use for game five. As game four had finished in a tie, the Canadiens wanted game five to be a replay of game four, using NHL rules, and Seattle wanted PCHA rules. The game was played under NHL rules, and it was agreed that in the future, teams would play overtime until a winning goal was scored.[8]

Montreal trailed in the game 3–0 after two periods, but Seattle tired, and Montreal scored three to force overtime. Lalonde had the Canadiens' second and third goals.[16] In the extra period, Montreal's substitute Jack McDonald sprinted on the ice and tallied the game-winning goal in dramatic fashion after the Mets were down a player when Frank Foyston was injured, Jack Walker broke a skate, and Cully Wilson collapsed from exhaustion, leading the Canadiens to a 4–3 victory.[17] The Metropolitans had only one substitute player, and the team was exhausted. On the last play, Cully Wilson went to the bench to be replaced by Frank Foyston. Foyston had scored nine of Seattle's 19 goals in the series, but by that point, he was unable to move and replace Wilson, leaving the team shorthanded while McDonald scored. Some players went to the hospital after the game, while others had to be carried home.[18][19]

March 19 Montreal Canadiens 0–7 Seattle Metropolitans Seattle Ice Arena Recap  
No scoring First period 04:52 – Muzz Murray (1)
08:34 – Frank Foyston (1)
No scoring Second period 05:58 – Muzz Murray (2)
09:55 – Frank Foyston (2)
16:38 – Jack Walker (1)
No scoring Third period 05:43 – Frank Foyston (3)
14:44 – Ran McDonald (1)
Georges Vezina Goalie stats Hap Holmes
March 22 Montreal Canadiens 4–2 Seattle Metropolitans Seattle Ice Arena Recap  
Newsy Lalonde (1) – 08:44 First period No scoring
Newsy Lalonde (2) – 08:18
Newsy Lalonde (3) – 16:35
Second period No scoring
Newsy Lalonde (4) – 09:49 Third period 11:03 – Bobby Rowe (1)
11:11 – Frank Foyston (4)
Georges Vezina Goalie stats Hap Holmes
March 24 Montreal Canadiens 2–7 Seattle Metropolitans Seattle Ice Arena Recap  
No scoring First period 01:03 – Frank Foyston (5)
07:41 – Frank Foyston (6)
15:54 – Cully Wilson (1)
18:36 – Frank Foyston (7)
No scoring Second period No scoring
Odie Cleghorn (1) – 03:21
Louis Berlinguette (1) – 12:34
Third period 12:39 – Frank Foyston (8)
12:51 – Muzz Murray (3)
14:57 – Roy Rickey (1)
Georges Vezina Goalie stats Hap Holmes
March 26 Montreal Canadiens 0–0 2OT Seattle Metropolitans Seattle Ice Arena Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
No scoring Second period No scoring
No scoring Third period No scoring
No scoring Second overtime period No scoring
Georges Vezina Goalie stats Hap Holmes
March 29 Montreal Canadiens 4–3 OT Seattle Metropolitans Seattle Ice Arena Recap  
No scoring First period 05:40 – Frank Foyston (9)
12:52 – Jack Walker (2)
No scoring Second period 01:18 – Jack Walker (3)
Odie Cleghorn (2) – 04:00
Newsy Lalonde (5) – 05:01
Newsy Lalonde (6) – 17:05
Third period No scoring
Jack McDonald (1) – 15:51 First overtime period No scoring
Georges Vezina Goalie stats Hap Holmes
Series stopped at 2–2–1


Announcement of cancellation in The Globe

The sixth and deciding game of the series was scheduled for April 1, but an outbreak of influenza caused several players on both teams to become seriously ill.[2] With Lalonde, Hall, Coutu, Berlinguette, and McDonald of Montreal hospitalized or sick in bed, with fevers between 101 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit, game six was cancelled just five and a half hours before it was scheduled to start.[10] Kennedy said he was forfeiting the Cup to Seattle, but Pete Muldoon, manager-coach of the Metropolitans, refused to accept the Cup in a forfeiture, seeing that it was catastrophic illness that had caused the Canadiens lineup to be short of players. Kennedy asked to use players from the Victoria team of the PCHA, but president Frank Patrick refused the request.[20][1]

Four days later, Joe Hall died of pneumonia brought about by the flu.[21] His funeral was held in Vancouver on April 8, with most team members attending,[22] and he was buried in Brandon, Manitoba.[21] Manager George Kennedy also was stricken. His condition declined, and his wife arrived from Montreal to be with him.[23] He never fully recovered from his symptoms and died 2 years later.[2]

Stanley Cup engraving[edit]

No official Stanley Cup winner was declared in 1919,[2] and thus nothing was engraved onto the trophy. However, when the Cup was redesigned in 1948 and a new collar was added to include those teams that did not engrave their names on the trophy themselves, the following was added:

Montreal Canadiens
Seattle Metropolitans
Series Not Completed

Team rosters[edit]

Montreal Canadiens[edit]

Joe Hall
# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Georges Vezina L 1910 Canada Chicoutimi, Quebec third (1916, 1917)
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
2 Bert Corbeau R 1914 Canada Penetanguishene, Ontario third (1916, 1917)
9 Billy Coutu L 1916 Canada North Bay, Ontario second (1917)
3 Joe Hall R 1917 United Kingdom Staffordshire, England fifth (1904, 1907, 1912, 1913)
5 Didier Pitre R 1914 Canada Valleyfield, Quebec fourth (1909, 1916, 1917)
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
7 Amos Arbour LW L 1918 Canada Waubaushene, Ontario second (1916)
9 Billy Bell C R 1917 Canada Lachine, Quebec
8 Louis Berlinguette LW L 1911 Canada Papineau, Quebec fifth (1911, 1912, 1916, 1917)
6 Odie Cleghorn RW R 1918 Canada Montreal, Quebec first
11 Fred Doherty RW L 1918 Canada Norwood, Ontario second (1912)
4 Newsy LalondeC C‡ R 1912 Canada Cornwall, Ontario fourth (1908, 1916, 1917)
7 Joe Malone C L 1917 Canada Quebec City, Quebec third (1912, 1913)
10 Jack McDonald LW R 1917 Canada Quebec City, Quebec third (1907, 1912)


Seattle Metropolitans[edit]

Frank Foyston
# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Harry Hap Holmes L 1918 Canada Aurora, Ontario fourth (1914, 1917, 1918)
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
10 Bernie Morris† – C R 1915 Canada Brandon, Manitoba
3 Roy Rickey L 1915 Canada Ottawa, Ontario
2 Bobby Rowe L 1915 Canada Heathcote, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
6 Frank Foyston LW‡ L 1915 Canada Minesing, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
Ran McDonald RW R 1915 Canada Cashion's Glen, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
5 Hugh Muzz Murray C/LW L 1918 United States Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan first
4 Jack Walker C/R L 1915 Canada Silver Mountain, Ontario fourth (1911, 1914, 1917)
7 Carol Cully Wilson RW R 1915 Canada Winnipeg, Manitoba third (1914, 1917)

† Morris did not play in the series due to his arrest for draft evasion. ‡ Played rover position.


See also[edit]


  • Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc.
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (1992). The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
  • Diamond, Dan; Duplacey, James; Zweig, Zweig (2001). Hockey stories on and off the ice. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-1903-3.
  • Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Key Porter Books. p. 153.
  • Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books. p. 51. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.
  • Ticen, Kevin (2019). When It Mattered Most. Clyde Hill Publishing. p. 173. ISBN 978-1798208496.
  1. ^ a b c d Dator, James (July 31, 2019). "The story of the Stanley Cup that no one won". sbnation.com. Vox Media. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Weinreb, Michael (March 18, 2020). "When the Stanley Cup Final Was Canceled Because of a Pandemic". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  3. ^ Ticen, Kevin. "Seattle Metropolitans tie the Montreal Canadiens in a plague-stricken Stanley Cup Final on March 29, 1919". HistoryLink.
  4. ^ Streeter, Kurt (May 25, 2020). "The Cost of Rushing Back to Sports: A Star's Life". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "Remembering when the NHL cancelled the 1919 Cup Final due to flu pandemic". CBSSports.com. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  6. ^ Ticen, Kevin. "Seattle Metropolitans tie the Montreal Canadiens in a plague-stricken Stanley Cup Final on March 29, 1919". HistoryLink.
  7. ^ Diamond, Duplacey & Zweig 2001, p. 9.
  8. ^ a b "Patrick decides in favour of Canadiens". The Globe. March 29, 1919. p. 22.
  9. ^ "Seattle Win First Game". The Globe. March 20, 1919. p. 12.
  10. ^ a b "Stanley Cup Series is Off". The Globe. April 2, 1919. p. 11.
  11. ^ "Canadiens Win From Seattle". The Globe. March 24, 1919. p. 14.
  12. ^ "Seattle Wins Another From Flying Frenchmen". The Globe. March 25, 1919. p. 10.
  13. ^ Brougham, Royal (March 27, 1919). "One Of Greatest Hockey Games in History Is Draw". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  14. ^ Baxter, Portus (March 27, 1919). "Hockey Rivals Fight 80 Minutes to Draw". The Seattle Daily Times.
  15. ^ "Teams Battle to 0–0 Draw". The Globe. March 27, 1919. p. 10.
  16. ^ "Seattle Lose In Overtime". The Globe. March 31, 1919. p. 12.
  17. ^ Brougham, Royal (March 30, 1919). "Les Canadiens Defeat Seattle in Great Battle". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  18. ^ Bowlsby, Craig. "When Seattle was Hockeytown USA" Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. seattletimes.com. March 7, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  19. ^ "Stanley Cup Playoffs". nhl.com. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  20. ^ "Even Division of Cup Funds". The Globe. April 3, 1919. p. 10.
  21. ^ a b "J. Hall Dies In Seattle". The Globe. April 7, 1919. p. 12.
  22. ^ "Funeral of Joe Hall at Vancouver To-day". The Globe. April 8, 1919. p. 11.
  23. ^ "Mrs. Kennedy Goes West to Bedside of Husband". The Globe. April 4, 1919. p. 11.
  24. ^ Mouton 1987, p. 153.
  25. ^ "NHL.com – Players". NHL. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
  26. ^ Coleman 1966, pp. 361–363.

External links[edit]

Preceded by (no champion)
Stanley Cup champions

Succeeded by