From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year
1919 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
3 February –
Éamon de Valera, the leader of Sinn Féin, and two other prisoners escape from Lincoln Prison in England in a break personally arranged by Michael Collins and Harry Boland. 27 February – Marriage of
Princess Patricia of Connaught to Commander The Hon. Alexander Ramsay, the first royal wedding at Westminster Abbey since the 14th century. 4–5 March –
Kinmel Park Riots by troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force awaiting repatriation at Kinmel Camp, Bodelwyddan, in North Wales. Five men are killed, 28 injured, and 25 convicted of mutiny. [1 ] 3 April – Government agrees to begin release of imprisoned
conscientious objectors. 13 April –
Amritsar Massacre: British and Gurkha troops kill 379 Sikhs and injure more than 1200 at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab Province (British India). May – Beginning of the
Third Anglo-Afghan War. 12 May – The
Pip, Squeak and Wilfred comic strip debuts in the . Daily Mirror 29 May – Observations made by
Arthur Eddington during a solar eclipse test part of Einstein's general theory of relativity (confirmed 19 November). [2 ] 14–15 June – A
Vickers Vimy piloted by John Alcock DSC with navigator Arthur Whitten Brown makes the first nonstop transatlantic flight, from St. John's, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, Ireland. [3 ] 17 June –
Epsom Riot by Canadian troops: English police sergeant Thomas Green is killed. 21 June –
Scuttling of the German fleet in Scapa Flow: Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the interned German fleet in Scapa Flow, Scotland. Nine German sailors are killed. 28 June –
Treaty of Versailles signed.
2–6 July – The British
airship makes the first R34 transatlantic flight by dirigible, and the first westbound flight, from RAF East Fortune, Scotland, to Mineola, New York. [3 ] 15 July –
Sloops HMS Gentian and HMS Myrtle sunk by mines in the Gulf of Finland while assisting Estonia against the Bolsheviks, with nine crew lost. [4 ] 18 July – The
Cenotaph in London, as designed by Edwin Lutyens, is unveiled to commemorate the dead of World War I. [3 ] 19 July – Peace Day: Victory parades across Britain celebrate the end of World War I.
Rioting ex-servicemen burn down [5 ] Luton Town Hall. 31 July
8 August –
Treaty of Rawalpindi ends the Third Anglo-Afghan War. 15 August – The Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act provides for returning servicemen to get their old jobs back.
19 August –
Afghanistan gains independence from the United Kingdom. 30 August – The
Football League is resumed, four years after it was abandoned due to the war. [8 ] 1 September –
Forestry Commission set up. [9 ] 27 September – Last British troops leave
Archangel, Russia, and leave fighting to the Russians. 13 October –
Leeds City F.C., of the Football League Second Division, are expelled from the Football League amid financial irregularities. [10 ] 17 October – With the collapse of Leeds City, a new football club is formed for the city –
Leeds United. With Port Vale set to take the old club's place in the Football League, the new Leeds club will have to wait until at least the next football season for a chance of Football League membership. [11 ] 20 October – Collapse of the
man engine at Levant Mine in Cornwall kills 31. 4 November – The
Cabinet's Irish Committee settles on a policy of creating two Home Rule parliaments in Ireland - one in Dublin and one in Belfast - with a Council of Ireland to provide a framework for possible unity. [12 ] 11 November – First
Remembrance Day observed with two minutes silence at 11:00 hrs. [13 ] December – Meat rationing ends.
1 December –
Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons, and the second to be elected, having stood at the Plymouth Sutton by-election on 28 November to succeed her husband as a Unionist member. [14 ] 22 December – A
Bill "to provide for the better government of Ireland" is introduced into the House of Commons, proposing two parliaments: one for the six counties of north-east Ulster and one for the other twenty-six. [15 ] 23 December – The
Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act removes legal disabilities on women entering the secular professions. [16 ] 25 December – Opening of
Cliftonhill stadium in Coatbridge, the home of Albion Rovers F.C. The opening match sees them lose 2–0 to St. Mirren. 30 December –
Lincoln's Inn, in London, admits its first female bar student.
Undated [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
21 January -
Jim Wallwork, World War II glider pilot (died 2013) 23 January -
Bob Paisley, football player and manager (died 1996) 24 February -
Betty Marsden, comedy actress (died 1998) 20 April -
Richard Hillary, pilot and author (died 1943) 29May -
Arthur English, actor (died 1995) 14 May -
Denis Cannan, dramatist, playwright and scriptwriter (died 2011) 18 May -
Margot Fonteyn, born Margaret Hookham, ballet dancer (died 1991) 17 June -
Beryl Reid, actress (died 1996) 7 July -
Jon Pertwee, actor (died 1996) 15 July -
Iris Murdoch, Irish-born novelist and philosopher (died 1999) 19 July -
Patricia Medina, actress (died 2012) 26 July -
James Lovelock, scientist and proponent of the Gaia hypothesis 1 August -
Stanley Middleton, novelist (died 2009) 28 August -
Godfrey Hounsfield, electrical engineer and inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 2004) 27 September -
James H. Wilkinson, mathematician (died 1986) 4 October - John Sawyer, romance novelist in collaboration with his wife
Nancy Buckingham (died 1994) 5 October -
Donald Pleasence, actor (died 1995) 22 October -
Doris Lessing, novelist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature, born in Persia (died 2013) 31 October -
Daphne Oxenford, broadcast actress (died 2012) 15 November -
Nova Pilbeam, actress (died 2015) 19 November -
Alan Young, English-born character actor 20 November -
Lucilla Andrews, Egyptian-born romantic novelist (died 2006)
2 January -
Arthur Gould, Wales international rugby captain (born 1864) 3 January -
James Hills-Johnes, Indian-born Welsh Victoria Cross recipient (born 1833) 12 January -
Sir Charles Wyndham, actor-manager (born 1837) 18 January -
Prince John of the United Kingdom (born 1905) 24 February -
Edward Bishop, Wales international rugby player (born 1864) 27 February -
Robert Harris, Welsh-born painter (born 1849) 20 March -
Pauline Markham, English-born vaudeville actress (born 1847) 4 April -
William Crookes, chemist and physicist (born 1832) 12 June -
Thomas Jeremiah Williams, Coalition Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Swansea East (born 1872) 14 June -
Weedon Grossmith, humourous writer, actor and artist (born 1854) 30 June -
John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1842) 13 July -
Theo Harding, Wales international rugby player 26 July
11 August -
Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American philanthropist (born 1835) 21 August -
Laurence Doherty, tennis champion (born 1875) 15 October -
Arthur Owen Vaughan (Owen Rhoscomyl), English-born Welsh writer (born 1863) 17 October -
James Wolfe-Murray, British Army general (born 1853) 18 October -
William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor, American-born financier and statesman (born 1848) 25 October -
Ernest Albert Waterlow, painter (born 1850) 18 December -
Sir John Alcock, aviator; pilot of first nonstop transatlantic flight in airplane, June 1919, in aviation accident (born 1892)
^ Nicholson, G. W. L. (1962). Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Ottawa: Queen's Printer.
^ Dyson, F.W.; Eddington, A.S.; Davidson, C.R. (1920). "A Determination of the Deflection of Light by the Sun's Gravitational Field, from Observations Made at the Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences 220 (571-581): 291–333. Bibcode: 1920RSPTA.220..291D. doi: 10.1098/rsta.1920.0009.
^ a b c Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
^ Wainwright, Martin (23 August 2010). "British warships sunk 90 years ago found off Estonian coast". . The Guardian Archived from the original on 26 August 2010 . Retrieved . 2010-08-24
^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 357–358. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 392. ISBN 1-85585-178-4.
^ "Council housing". Parliament of the United Kingdom . Retrieved . 2012-09-25
^ "English Division One (old) 1919-1920: Results". statto.com . Retrieved . 2012-09-25
^ "History of the Forestry Commission". Forestry Commission . Retrieved . 2010-10-22
^ "History of the Club - The birth of Leeds United, 1919". The Mighty Mighty Whites . Retrieved . 2012-09-25
^ "Review of 1920-21". The Mighty Mighty Whites . Retrieved . 2012-09-25
^ Fox, Seamus (31 August 2008). "November 1919". Chronology of Irish History 1919-1923. Dublin . Retrieved . 2012-10-31
^ Beadle, Jeremy; Harrison, Ian. "First two-minute silence". Military. Firsts, Lasts & Onlys. London: Robson. p. 113. ISBN 9781905798063.
^ Sykes, Christopher (1984). Nancy: the Life of Lady Astor. Academy Chicago Publishers. ISBN 0-89733-098-6. The first elected was Constance Markievicz in 1918.
^ Fox, Seamus (31 August 2008). "December 1919". Chronology of Irish History 1919-1923. Dublin . Retrieved . 2012-10-31
^ Oliver & Boyd's New Edinburgh Almanac and National Repository for the Year 1921. p. 213.
^ EH.Net Encyclopedia: Gold Standard
^ Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
See also [ edit ]