1920 Open Championship

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1920 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates 30 June – 1 July 1920
Location Deal, England
Course(s) Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
Statistics
Length 6,653 yards (6,084 m)[1]
Field 82 players[2]
Cut none
Prize fund £200
Winner's share £75
Champion
Scotland George Duncan
303
← 1914
1921 →
Deal  is located in England
Deal 
Deal 
Location in England
Deal is located in Kent
Deal
Deal
Location in Kent. England

The 1920 Open Championship was the 55th Open Championship, held 30 June to 1 July at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club in Deal, England. George Duncan erased a 13-stroke deficit after 36 holes to win his only major title, two strokes ahead of runner-up Sandy Herd, the 1902 champion.[3][4][5]

Royal Cinque Ports had been planned as the location for the Open Championship in 1915, but in early in that year it was decided that there would be no championships during the remainder of World War I; the next Open Championship after the war would be held at Royal Cinque Ports.[6] Although the war was over in November 1918, it was decided that there would be no championship in 1919.[7] During the war, six of the greens were involved in a scheme to build a rifle range. This raised fears about the state of the course, but in late 1919 it was decided that there would be no difficulty in getting the course ready for the 1920 championship.[8]

Qualification for the professionals took place the week before on 23 and 24 June at Burhill and Saint George's Hill in Surrey; the leading 72 players and ties qualified.[9][10] Abe Mitchell led the field at 139; three tied on the qualifying score of 159 and 74 professionals advanced.[10][11] The amateurs qualified separately, playing 36 holes on 23 June at Sandwich. Eight places were allotted to the amateurs with Cyril Tolley, the Amateur Champion, given an automatic entry.[12] Prize money was increased sixty percent to £200 with a winner's share of £75; the winner also received a gold medal valued at £25.

Herd and Ted Ray, the 1912 winner, shared the first round lead at 72 on Wednesday morning. Both faltered in the afternoon's second round while Abe Mitchell shot a 73 for a 147 to open up a six-stroke lead over Herd and Jim Barnes. Ray was eight back, Len Holland eleven behind, while Duncan was thirteen back after consecutive rounds of 80 for 160.[13]

Duncan played himself back into contention with a 71 in the third round on Thursday morning. Mitchell began that round with three bogeys, made a seven at the 5th hole, and finished with an 84. After 54 holes, Holland was at 229 and led by one over Herd and Barnes, with Mitchell, Duncan, and Syd Wingate one behind in fourth. Duncan carded a final round 72 for 303, while Holland and Barnes both shot 79 for a 308 and 309, respectively. Mitchell rebounded with a 76 which left him at 307. Only Herd could match Duncan's score, but he found trouble on the 16th and settled for 305, two strokes back of Duncan.

Six-time and defending champion Harry Vardon, age 50, finished at 318, 15 strokes back in a tie for 14th place.

Two future champions from the United States, Walter Hagen and Scottish-born Tommy Armour, both made their Open Championship debuts this year and both finished at 329, 26 strokes back in a tie for 53rd. Armour was an amateur at the time.

This was the second and final Open Championship held at Royal Cinque Ports, which also hosted in 1909. Further Open Championships at Royal Cinque Ports were planned for 1938 and 1949. In both cases the course was flooded during the previous winter prior and the venue was moved to Royal St George's. Thus, only one of the four Opens planned for Royal Cinque Ports actually took place in the year originally intended. Near the English Channel, the course is directly south of Royal St George's, which became the sole Open venue in southern England in the course rota. An exception was in 1932, when Prince's Golf Club hosted its only Open, won by Gene Sarazen. All three courses are adjacent, with Prince's the furthest north.

Past champions in the field[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total Finish
Sandy Herd  Scotland 1902 72 81 77 75 305 2
Ted Ray  Jersey 1912 72 83 78 73 306 3
J.H. Taylor  England 1894, 1895
1900, 1909, 1913
78 79 80 79 316 12
Harry Vardon  Jersey 1896, 1898, 1899,
1903, 1911, 1914
78 81 81 78 318 T14
James Braid  Scotland 1901, 1905,
1906, 1908, 1910
79 80 79 82 320 T21
Arnaud Massy  France 1907 81 82 80 81 324 T29

Source:[2][3]

Did not advance past qualifying rounds (previous week):

Course[edit]

Hole Yards     Hole Yards
1 330 10 367
2 376 11 441
3 476 12 471
4 150 13 431
5 475 14 195
6 282 15 417
7 383 16 483
8 136 17 372
9 454 18 414
Out 3,062 In 3,591
Source:[1] Total 6,653

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Wednesday, 30 June 1920 (morning)

Place Player Country Score
T1 Sandy Herd  Scotland 72
Ted Ray  Jersey
3 Abe Mitchell  England 74
T4 James Bradbeer  England 76
Reg Wilson  England
T6 Charles Corlett Isle of Man 77
Arthur Day  England
Tom Williamson  England
T9 Eric Bannister  England 78
Charles Hope (a)  England
Arthur Monk  England
J.H. Taylor  England
Josh Taylor  England
Phil Taylor  England
Harry Vardon  Jersey

Source:[13]

Second round[edit]

Wednesday, 30 June 1920 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score
1 Abe Mitchell  England 74-73=147
T2 Jim Barnes  England 79-74=153
Sandy Herd  Scotland 72-81=153
T4 Ted Ray  Jersey 72-83=155
Syd Wingate  England 81-74=155
6 J.H. Taylor  England 78-79=157
T7 Arthur Havers  England 80-78=158
Len Holland  England 80-78=158
Reg Wilson  England 76-82=158
T10 James Braid  Scotland 79-80=159
Charles Corlett Isle of Man 77-82=159
Douglas Grant (a)  United States 83-76=159
Charles Hope (a)  England 78-81=159
Josh Taylor  England 78-81=159
Harry Vardon  Jersey 78-81=159

Source:[13]

Third round[edit]

Thursday, 1 July 1920 (morning)

Place Player Country Score
1 Len Holland  England 80-78-71=229
T2 Jim Barnes  England 79-74-77=230
Sandy Herd  Scotland 72-81-77=230
T4 George Duncan  Scotland 80-80-71=231
Abe Mitchell  England 74-73-84=231
Syd Wingate  England 81-74-76=231
7 Ted Ray  Jersey 72-83-78=233
8 William Horne  England 80-81-73=234
T9 George Buckle  England 80-80-77=237
Archie Compston  England 79-83-75=237

Source:[3][4]

Final round[edit]

Thursday, 1 July 1920 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score Money (£)
1 George Duncan  Scotland 80-80-71-72=303 75
2 Sandy Herd  Scotland 72-81-77-75=305 40
3 Ted Ray  Jersey 72-83-78-73=306 25
4 Abe Mitchell  England 74-73-84-76=307 15
5 Len Holland  England 80-78-71-79=308 10
6 Jim Barnes  England 79-74-77-79=309
T7 Arthur Havers  England 80-78-81-74=313 7
10s
Syd Wingate  England 81-74-76-82=313
T9 George Buckle  England 80-80-77-78=315 3
6s 8d
Archie Compston  England 79-83-75-78=315
William Horne  England 80-81-73-81=315

Source:[14]

Amateurs: Hunter (322), Grant (324), Harris (325), Hope (326),
                 Tolley (326), Armour (329), Scott (331), Bretherton (335).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Golf - the Open Championship favourites". Glasgow Herald. 30 June 1920. p. 11. 
  2. ^ a b "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. p. 119. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Golf championship - Duncan's great victory". Glasgow Herald. 2 July 1920. p. 12. 
  4. ^ a b "British golf title to Duncan with 303; Jim Barnes has 308". Chicago Daily Tribune. 2 July 1920. p. 14. 
  5. ^ "Duncan captures British Open golf championship". Milwaukee Journal. 2 July 1920. p. 32. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Golf Championship - Official announcement". The Times. 14 April 1915. p. 16. 
  7. ^ "The Open Golf Championship". The Times. 18 February 1919. p. 16. 
  8. ^ "The Open Championship". The Times. 2 December 1919. p. 6. 
  9. ^ "The Open Championship". Glasgow Herald. 24 June 1920. p. 13. 
  10. ^ a b c "The Open Championship - result of qualifying rounds". Glasgow Herald. 25 June 1920. p. 11. 
  11. ^ "The Open Championship - Mitchell leads by 6 points". The Times. 25 June 1920. p. 8. 
  12. ^ "Amazing Golf - Abe Mitchell's score of 68". The Times. 24 June 1920. p. 24. 
  13. ^ a b c "Mitchell leads, Barnes second, in golf play". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 1, 1920. p. 16. 
  14. ^ "Duncan Golf Champion - The Returns". The Times. 2 July 1920. p. 14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°14′22″N 1°23′47″E / 51.2395°N 1.3965°E / 51.2395; 1.3965