1920 in jazz
|1920 in jazz|
|Decade||1920s in jazz|
|Music||1920 in music|
|Standards||List of 1920s jazz standards|
|See also||1919 in jazz – 1921 in jazz|
In 1920 in jazz, the jazz age was underway and was indirectly fuelled by prohibition of alcohol. Standards published that year included Al Jolson's "Avalon" and the popular hit Margie. Jazz musicians born in 1920 included Peggy Lee, Dave Bartholomew and Dave Brubeck.
In Chicago, the jazz scene was developing rapidly, aided by the migration of over 40 prominent New Orleans jazzmen to the city, continuous throughout much of the 1920s, including the New Orleans Rhythm Kings who began playing at Friar's Inn. However, in 1920, the cabaret business began in New York City and the growing number of speakeasies developing in the cellars of New York City provided many aspiring jazz musicians with new venues which gradually saw many musicians who had moved to Chicago ending up in on the east coast. It is important to note that Classic Blues became very prominent from 1920 after Mamie Smith recorded Crazy Blues and grew in popularity along with jazz.
In 1920, Paul Whiteman and his band recorded Whispering in New York City, in a subgenre known as symphonic jazz. Meanwhile, in New York City Adrian Rollini began playing bass saxophone with the California Ramblers and would later in the decade play with Bix Beiderbecke. Duke Ellington had developed in a successful band leader and Louis Armstrong began to amaze audiences with New Orleans Jazz.
- Al Caiola, American guitarist
- Alan Davie, Scottish tenor saxophonist
- Alfred "Chico" Alvarez, American trumpeter
- Alfred Burt, American composer and trumpeter
- Art Van Damme, American accordionist
- Bea Booze, American R&B and jazz singer
- Beryl Bryden, English jazz singer
- Bill Barder, American tuba player
- Bob Enevoldsen, American tenor saxophonist and valve trombonist
- Bob Hames, American jazz guitarist
- Britt Woodman, American jazz trombonist
- Buzzy Drootin, American drummer
- Carmen McRae, American singer, composer, pianist, and actress
- Charlie Parker, American alto saxophonist
- Clark Terry, American swing and bop trumpeter, a pioneer of the fluegelhorn
- Dave Bartholomew, American trumpeter, band leader, composer and arranger.
- Dave Brubeck, American pianist
- Don Lamond, American jazz drummer
- Eddie Johnson (musician), American jazz and blues tenor saxophonist
- Elizete Cardoso, Brazilian singer and actress
- Gene Leis, American jazz guitarist, teacher, bandleader, composer, producer
- George Duvivier, American double-bass player
- George Handy, American music arranger, composer and pianist.
- Gil Fuller, American jazz arranger
- Ginger Smock, American violinist, orchestra leader
- Géo Voumard, Swiss jazz pianist and composer
- Hall Overton, American composer, jazz pianist, and music teacher
- Harry Arnold, Swedish jazz saxophonist and bandleader
- Hazel Scott, Trinidad and Tobago jazz and classical pianist and singer
- Helmut Zacharias, German violinist
- Herbie Harper, American trombonist
- Irving Ashby, American jazz guitarist
- Jack Lesberg, American double-bassist
- Jerome Richardson, American tenor saxophonist, and flute player
- Jimmy Forrest, American tenor saxophonist
- Jimmy Witherspoon, American blues singer
- Joe Mondragon, American bassist
- John LaPorta, American jazz clarinetist and saxophonist
- John Lewis (pianist), American jazz pianist and composer
- José Melis, Cuban pianist
- Kay Davis, American jazz singer
- Ken Rattenbury, English jazz trumpeter, pianist and composer
- Kurt Edelhagen, European big band leader
- Leonard Gaskin, American jazz bassist
- Marshall Brown, American jazz musician and educator. He played trombones and, less often, bass trumpet or euphonium
- Monk Hazel, American jazz drummer
- Peggy Lee, American jazz and popular music singer, songwriter, composer and actress
- Ray Abrams, American jazz and jump blues tenor saxophonist
- Ray Linn, American jazz trumpeter
- Roland Shaw English composer, musical arranger, and orchestra leader
- Sam Ranelli, American big band jazz drummer
- Sam Ulano, American jazz drummer and teacher
- Shelly Manne, American drummer
- Stan Freeman, American composer, lyricist, musical arranger, conductor, and studio musician
- Tommy Pederson, American trombonist and composer
- Wendell Marshall, American double-bassist
- Yusef Lateef, American multi-instrumentalist (tenor saxophone, flute and other wind instruments)
- "History of Jazz Time Line: 1920". All About Jazz. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- The New Real Book, Volume I. Sher Music. 1988. ISBN 0-9614701-4-3.
- The New Real Book, Volume II. Sher Music. 1991. ISBN 0-9614701-7-8.
- The New Real Book, Volume III. Sher Music. 1995. ISBN 1-883217-30-X.
- The Real Book, Volume I (6th ed.). Hal Leonard. 2004. ISBN 0-634-06038-4.
- The Real Book, Volume II (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2007. ISBN 1-4234-2452-2.
- The Real Book, Volume III (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0-634-06136-4.
- The Real Jazz Book. Warner Bros. ISBN 978-91-85041-36-7.
- The Real Vocal Book, Volume I. Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0-634-06080-5.